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A Study on the Necessity of an Addressable Emergency Broadcasting System to Improve Evacuation Performance
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  • Journal title : Fire Science and Engineering
  • Volume 29, Issue 5,  2015, pp.14-22
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering
  • DOI : 10.7731/KIFSE.2015.29.5.014
 Title & Authors
A Study on the Necessity of an Addressable Emergency Broadcasting System to Improve Evacuation Performance
Kim, Si-Kuk; Lee, Min-Yong; Lee, Chun-Ha;
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 Abstract
This thesis is based on the study of necessity of an addressable emergency broadcasting system to improve evacuation performance in order to minimize human casualty by avoiding the initial evacuation after fires such as the multi-unit dwelling fire in Euijeongbu in 2015. To minimize the damage from fire generated in a complex internal structure such as modern buildings, introduction of adaptable emergency broadcasting system, could increase the efficiency of evacuation by preventing of initial mistaken evacuation directions by alerting the accurate location of fire to the occupants, is needed. As such, this study designed and fabricated the addressable emergency broadcasting system using the existing addressable system. Its performance was compared with a conventional emergency broadcasting system to confirm the necessity of the addressable emergency broadcasting system to improve evacuation performance. The test result showed that the addressable emergency broadcasting system decreased the evacuation time by up to 30.3% in a small-scale model evacuation performance experiment, up to 54.6% in a hallway evacuation performance experiment compared to the conventional emergency broadcasting system.
 Keywords
Addressable;Conventional;Emergency broadcasting system;Evacuation performance;Evacuation direction;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
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