Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Production of Carbon Monoxide and Carbon Dioxide Gases in the Combustion Tests
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Fire Science and Engineering
  • Volume 29, Issue 5,  2015, pp.7-13
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering
  • DOI : 10.7731/KIFSE.2015.29.5.007
 Title & Authors
Production of Carbon Monoxide and Carbon Dioxide Gases in the Combustion Tests
Chung, Yeong-Jin;
  PDF(new window)
This study was performed to test the production of combustion toxic gases by Pinus rigida specimens treated with various types of methylpiperazinomethyl-bis-phosphonic acid () and methylpiperazinomethyl-bis-phosphonic acid (PIPEABP). Three coats of 15 wt% and PIPEABP solutions were applied to plates of Pinus rigida at room temperature. After drying the treated specimens, the production of combustion toxic gases was examined using a cone calorimeter (ISO 5660-1). The specimens treated with showed lower carbon monoxide production (; 0.0136~0.0178% at 532~678 s) than the PIPEABP plates, except for the specimen treated with . In addition, the peak carbon dioxide production () was lower (0.03648~0.3648% at 373~433 s) than that of the PIPEABP-treated plate. Notably, oxygen production was much higher than 15%, which can be fatal to humans. Therefore, the resulting risk could be eliminated. The results indicate that the combustion toxicities were partially decreased due to treatment of the virgin plate with .
Methylpiperazinomethyl-bis-phosphonic acid ()s;ISO 5660-1;Pinus rigida;Combustion toxic gases;Carbon monoxide;
 Cited by
R. H. White and M. A. Dietenberger, "Wood Handbook: Wood as an Engineering Material", Ch. 17: Fire Safety (1999).

A. Ernst and J. D. Zibrak, "Carbon Monoxide Poisoning", N. Engl. J. Med., Vol. 339, No. 22, pp. 1603-1608 (1998). crossref(new window)

S. R. Thom, "Carbon Monoxide Pathophysiology and Treatment", Physiology and Medicine of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy, Saunders Elsevier, Philadelphia, pp. 321-347 (2008).

C. L. Beyler, "SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering", Section2, National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, Massachusetts, pp. 114-115 (2008).

"Toxicology Update", Journal of Applied Toxicology, Vol. 19, No. 5, pp. 379-386 (1999). crossref(new window)

R. D. Stewart, J. E. Peterson, E. D. Baretta, H. C. Dodd and A. A. Herrmann, "Experimental Human Exposure to High Concentrations of Carbon Monoxide", Archives of Environmental Health, Vol. 26, No. 1, pp. 1-7 (1973). crossref(new window)

D. A. Purser, "A Bioassay Model Fortesting the Incapacitating Effects of Exposure to Combustion Product Atmospheres Using Cynomolgus Monkeys", Journal of Fire Sciences, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 20-26 (1984). crossref(new window)

B. G. King, "High Concentration-short Time Exposures and Toxicity", Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology, Vol. 31, No. 6, pp. 365-375 (1949).

U. C. Luft, "Aviation Physiology: the Effects of Altitude in Handbook of Physiology", American Physiology Society. Washington, DC, pp. 1099-1145 (1965).

V. Babrauskas, "New Technology to Reduce Fire Losses and Costs", Eds. S. J. Grayson and D. A. Smith, Elsevier Appied Science Publisher, London, UK. (1986).

M. M. Hirschler, "Thermal Decomposition and Chemical Composition", 239, ACS Symposium Series 797 (2001).

Y. J. Chung and E. Jin, "Synthesis of Alkylenediaminoalkyl-Bis-Phosphonic Acid Derivatives", J. of Korean Oil Chemist's Soc., Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 1-8 (2013). crossref(new window)

M. H. Park and Y. J. Chung, "Combustive Properties of Pinus Risids Plates Painted with Alkylenediaminoalkyl-Bis-Phosphonic Acid ($M^{2+}$)", Fire Sci. Eng. Vol. 28, No. 6, pp. 28-34 (2014). crossref(new window)

E. Jin and Y. J. Chung, "Combustion Characteristics of Pinus rigida Plates Painted with Alkylenediaminoalkyl-Bis-Phosphonic Acid ($M^{2+}$)", Fire Sci. Eng., Vol. 27, No. 6, pp. 70-76 (2013).

J. C. Kotz, P. M. Treichel and G. C. Weaver, "Electron Transfer Reactions, Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity", Sixth Ed., Thomson Learning, Inc., Toronto, Canada (2006).

E. Jin and Y. J. Chung, "Combustion Characteristics of Wood Specimens Treated with Methylenepiperazinomethyl-Bis-Phosphonic Acid ($M^{n+}$)s", Fire Sci. Eng., Vol. 28, No. 3, pp. 55-61 (2014). crossref(new window)

Y. J. Chung, "Combustive Properties of Specimens Treated with Methylenepiperazinomethyl-Bis-Phosphonic Acid ($M^{n+}$)s", Appl. Chem. Eng., Vol. 26, No. 4, in press (2015).

ISO 5660-1, "Reaction-to-Fire Tests-Heat Release, Smoke Production and Mass Loss Rate - Part 1: Heat Release Rate (Cone Calorimeter Method)", Genever (2002).

V. Babrauskas, "The SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering", Fourth Ed., National Fire Protection Association, Massatusetts, U.S.A. (2008).

J. G. Quintire, "Principles of Fire Behavior", Chap. 5, Cengage Learning, Delmar, U.S.A. (1998).

G. Kimmerle, "Aspects and Methodology for the Evaluation of Toxicological Parameters During Fire Exposure", Journal of Combustion Toxicology, Vol. 1 (1973).

A. P. Mourituz, Z. Mathys and A. G. Gibson, "Heat Release of Polymer Composites in Fire", Composites: Part A, Vol. 38, No. 7, pp. 1040-1054 (2005).

M. M. Hirscher, "Reduction of Smoke Formation from and Flammability of Thermoplastic Polymers by Metal Oxides", Polymer, Vol. 25, (March), pp. 405-411 (1984). crossref(new window)

J. Zhang, D. D. Jiang and C. A. Wilkie, "Thermal and Flame Properties of Polyethylene and Polypropylene Nanocomposites Based on an Oligomerically-modified Clay", Polm. Degrad. Stab., Vol. 91, pp. 298-304 (2006). crossref(new window)

Y. J. Chung, H. M. Lim, E. Jin and J. K. Oh, "Combustion-retardation Properties of Low Density Polyethylene and Etylene Vinyl Acetate Mixtures with Magnesium Hydroxide", Appl. Chem. Eng., Vol. 22, pp. 439-443 (2011).

OHSA, "Carbon Monoxide", OSHA Fact Sheet, United States National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, September 14 (2009).

M. J. Spearpoint and G. J. Quintiere, "Predicting the Burning of Wood Using an Integral Model", Combustion and Flame, Vol. 123, pp. 308-325 (2000). crossref(new window)

OHSA, "Carbon Dioxide", Toxicological Review of Selected Chemicals, Final Rule on Air Comments Project, OHSA's Comments, Jannuary 19 (1989).

MSHA, "Carbon Monoxide", MSHA's Occupational Illness and Injury Prevention Program Topic, U.S. Department of Labor (2015).