Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Analysis of Improvement Effects on Building Approach Vulnerability by Expanding Emergency Rescue Centers in Busan
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Fire Science and Engineering
  • Volume 29, Issue 5,  2015, pp.79-87
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering
  • DOI : 10.7731/KIFSE.2015.29.5.079
 Title & Authors
Analysis of Improvement Effects on Building Approach Vulnerability by Expanding Emergency Rescue Centers in Busan
Choi, Jun-Ho; Lee, Ji-Soo; Hong, Won-Hwa;
  PDF(new window)
The placement of Korean fire-fighting administrative power in urban areas shows regional unbalance. In an ideal system, all citizens would be provided with equal fire protection and rescue services, but this is usually difficult to realize due to regional conditions or budget problems. In the case of Busan Metropolitan City, we deduced that it is impossible for half of the buildings to receive rescue services within 5 min, and the conditions are much worse for areas with long or wide fire-fighting service regions. The approach vulnerability for the existing emergency rescue squad locations was assessed. The results revealed that if a rescue team's location is shifted, the improvement effect will be virtually insignificant because of their geographical position. Therefore, this study suggests the establishment of additional rescue squads. It is proven that adding 5 rescue centers in the following locations could solve the problem of approach vulnerability: Bukbu, Gangseo, Geumjeong, Gijang, and Haeundae, in order of effectiveness. The number of buildings in the areas is 53,546.
Rescue squad center;Approach vulnerability;GIS;Network analyst;Fire service;Busan;
 Cited by
Y. Kim, T. C. Ryu and J. G. Ahn, "Location Analysis and Evaluation of Public Facilities for Disaster Prevention and Public Safety Using MADM Method : A Case Study of Fire Station Location in Jinju and Sacheon", Journal of Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements (KRIHS), Vol. 43, pp. 37-51 (2004).

G. D. Jung, W. H. Hong, J. H. Choi, G. S. Kim and J. S. Lee, "A Study on Reorganization of Rescue Team by Using Analysis of Accessibility on Fire Station Area in Daegu City", Journal Of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design, Vol. 28, No. 9, pp. 277-286 (2012).

J. J. Je, "A Study on the Fire Fighting Resources Allocation System for the Operation Efficiency Improvement in Korea", A Doctoral Dissertation, University of Seoul (2008).

Practice of Fire Protection (I), (II), (III), Fire Service Academy of Gyeongsangbuk-do (2010).

Official Homepage of Busan Metropolitan City Fire Safety Authority, (2015).

Y. H. Do, "A study on Settings of the Main Pedestrian Network and Understanding of the Walking Range in Land Development District : A Case Study of Daegu Sinseo Innovative City", A Master Thesis, Kyungpook National University (2012).

H. C. Kim, "A Study on the Efficient Relocation of Special Fire Fighting Equipments: Focused on Gwangju Metropolitan Fire Service", Master's Thesis, Kangwon National University, Graduate School of Industry (2011).

H. J. Song, "Adjustment of the Service Area of Fire Station Using GIS Accessibility Analysis", Master's Thesis, Sangmyung University (2011).

T. C. Ryu, "Study on the Space Location Analysis Using Emergency Medical Service Multiple Criteria Decision", Master's Thesis, Gyeongsang National University (2003).