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Toxicity Evaluation of the Combustion Products from Synthetic Wood as Internal Finish
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  • Journal title : Fire Science and Engineering
  • Volume 30, Issue 2,  2016, pp.7-18
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering
  • DOI : 10.7731/KIFSE.2016.30.2.007
 Title & Authors
Toxicity Evaluation of the Combustion Products from Synthetic Wood as Internal Finish
Kim, Jong-Buk; Lee, Si-Young;
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This study evaluated the toxicity of the burning gas from the synthetic wood products used in housings or warehouses. The combustion products of five materials, viz. impregnated laminated board, MDF, Douglas fir plywood, core plywood, and Lauan retardant, were analyzed using SEM, FTIR and a Cone Calorimeter. For the Lauan retardant, 256,965 ppm of carbon dioxide () and 1,475 ppm of sulfur dioxide () were measured, which are 2.5 times and 3.6 times as high as their lethal concentrations of 100,000 ppm and 400 ppm, respectively. For the impregnated laminated board, 1,569 ppm of nitrogen dioxide () was measured, which is 6 times as high as its lethal concentration of 250 ppm. For MDF, 795 ppm of ammonia () was measured, which is higher than its lethal concentration of 750 ppm. As a result, most internal-finishes generated toxic combustion products at levels higher than their lethal concentrations, which underlines the importance of the selection and manufacturing of internal-finish materials.
FTIR;Cone calorimeter;Toxicity evaluation;Combustion products;Internal finish;
 Cited by
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