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A Study on Fire Risk of Apartment House with Pilotis Structure - Focused on the Fire case of Uijeongbu-si Urban Livig Homes -
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  • Journal title : Fire Science and Engineering
  • Volume 30, Issue 3,  2016, pp.48-54
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering
  • DOI : 10.7731/KIFSE.2016.30.3.048
 Title & Authors
A Study on Fire Risk of Apartment House with Pilotis Structure - Focused on the Fire case of Uijeongbu-si Urban Livig Homes -
Choi, Seung-Bok; Choi, Don-Mook;
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 Abstract
Pilotis are support columns that lift a building above the ground. Thus, they can elevate the lowest floor to the secondfloor level and, in Korea, are used to leav a parking area below multifamily housing. However, if there is a fire in the piloti area, the cars and main entrance door are wrapped in flames. Due to the inflammability of the materials, the combustion of the cars and insulation at the ceiling of the pilotis, having a high heat release rate, can quickly destroy the front entrance of the building and spread heat, flames and a poisonous gas to the stairs and elevator pit. Therefore, the fire can quickly spread to the whole building, putting the lives of the residents in danger. This study was an in-depth accidental case study of the "Uijeongbu Fire Accident" that killed 5 residents and injured 139 others. The study identified the relationships between the fire at the piloti structure of multifamily housing and the vulnerability of this structure and its inherent weaknesses.
 Keywords
Fire;Fire investigation;Piloti;Multifamily housing;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
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