Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Evaluation of Open-source Software for Participatory Digital Archives: Understanding System Requirements for No Gun Ri Digital Archives
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Evaluation of Open-source Software for Participatory Digital Archives: Understanding System Requirements for No Gun Ri Digital Archives
Park, Taeyeon; Sinn, Donghee;
  PDF(new window)
This paper reports the evaluation of six open-source software systems for participatory digital archives. This is an effort to create a digital platform for the social memory of No Gun Ri, which was first recognized in 1999 as a civilian massacre. The process of how it was reported and investigated is critical to understanding this brutal incident. In addition, the course of its cultural recovery has witnessed the reconstruction of the No Gun Ri memory. Thus, it is important to embrace the social memory around the massacre in these archives. In consideration of a virtual space for memory, this study takes the form of participatory archives to provide a mechanism in which anyone can share their memories. As a way to find a digital archives system for No Gun Ri, this study analyzed open-source software based on identified functions and requirements for participatory digital archives. Knowing the details of digital systems, this study discussed how contents for social memory can be stored and used in a digital system.
No Gun Ri Digital Archives;Participatory Archives;Social Memory;Open Source Software Evaluation;AtoM;Archivematica;DSpace;Fedora;CollectiveAccess;Omeka;
 Cited by
강상원, 양해술 (2013). 개방형 소프트웨어의 품질평가 기준 구축. 디지털융복합연구, 11(2), 323-330. Kang, Sang-Won & Yang, Hae-Sool (2013). Quality Evaluation of Criterion Construction for Open Source Software. Journal of Digital Convergence, 11(2), 323-330.

공개SW포털(n.d.). Retrieved from

김유승, 류반디 (2015). 노근리사건 도큐멘테이션 전략 수립을 위한 예비 분석 연구. 기록관리연구, 15(4), 173-194. Kim, You-Seung & Ryu, Ban-Dee (2015). A Study on the Preliminary Analysis for the No-Gun Ri Massacre Documentation Strategy. Journal of Korean Society of Archives and Records Management, 15(4), 173-194.

김화선 (2014). 노근리 사건을 서사화하는 세 가지 방식. 아동청소년문학연구, (15), 283-311. Kim, Hwa-Seon (2014). Three ways to narrate Nogeun-ri incident. Journal of Literature for Children and Young Adults, (15), 283-311.

노용석 (2015). '장의'에서 '사회적 기념'으로의 전환 - 한국전쟁 전후 민간인피학살자 유해 발굴의 역사와 특징. 역사와 경계, 95, 207-242. Noh, Yong-Seok (2015). From Individual Funeral to Social Commemoration - The historical process and symbolic meaning in the exhumation of civilian massacres around Korean war. History & the Boundaries, 95, 207-242.

설문원 (2011). 디지털 환경에서의 로컬리티 기록화 방법론 연구. 한국기록관리학회지, 11(1), 207-230. Seol, Moon-Won (2011). A Study on Documenting Locality in Digital Environment. Journal of Korean Society of Archives and Records Management, 11(1), 207-230.

설문원 (2012). 로컬리티 기록화를 위한 참여형 아카이브 구축에 관한 연구. 기록학연구, (32), 3-44. Seol, Moon-Won (2012). Building Participatory Digital Archives for Documenting Localities. The Korean Journal of Archival Studies, (32), 3-44.

설문원, 최이랑, 김슬기 (2014). 오픈소스를 활용한 사건 아카이브 구축에 관한 연구. 한국기록관리학회지, 14(4), 7-36. Seol, Moon-Won, Choi, Yi-Lang, & Kim, Seul-Gi (2014). Development of Digital Archives Using Open Source Software to Document Mi-ryang Transmission Towers Construction Conflicts. Journal of Korean Society of Archives and Records Management, 14(4), 7-36.

송정숙, 허정숙, 이예린 (2014). 오픈소스를 이용한 부산항 사진 아카이브의 구축 방안. 한국기록관리학회지, 14(3), 127-151. Song, Jung-Sook, Heo, Jeong-Sook, & Lee, Yea-Lin (2014). Digital Image Archiving Methodology on the Port of Busan: A Case Study Using an Open-Source Archiving Software. Journal of Korean Society of Archives and Records Management, 14(3), 127-151.

송지훈, 이시진 (2008). 오픈소스 소프트웨어 특성을 고려한 소프트웨어 평가모델. 한국인터넷정보학회학술발표대회 논문집, 9(1), 347-352. Song, Ji-Hoon & Lee, Si-Jin (2008). Software Evaluation Model Based on the characteristic of Open Source. Proceeding of Korean Society For Internet Information, 9(1), 347-352.

신창훈 (2011). Greenstone을 활용한 기관 리포지터리 구축 및 사용성 평가. 석사학위논문. 충남대학교 대학원, 문헌정보학과 문헌정보학 전공. Shin, Chang-Hoon (2011). Institutional Repository Construction and Usability Testing using 'Greenstone'. Unpublished master's thesis. Chungnam National University. Chungnam.

안대진, 김익한 (2015). AtoM 시스템의 구축과 커스터마이징 방법에 관한 연구. 기록학연구, (45), 5-50. Ahn, Dea-Jin & Kim, Ik-Han (2015). A Study on Constructing and Customizing an AtoM System. The Korean Journal of Archival Studies, (45), 5-50.

엄찬호 (2013). 한국전쟁 전후 민간인 학살에 대한 분노와 치유. 인문과학연구, 36, 585-607. Eom, Chan-Ho (2013). For the Massacre of Civilians in the Korean War, Anger and Healing. Studies in humanities, 36, 585-607.

오연호 (1994). 최초증언 6.25 참전 미군의 충북 영동 양민 300여명 학살사건. 월간 말 97 (1994년 7월호), 36-45. Oh, Youn-ho (1994). The first witness of U.S. veterans for the 6.25 war in Chungbuk Yeongdong 300 civilians massacre. Seoul: Monthly Mal.

이보람 외 (2014). 공개 소프트웨어를 이용한 기록시스템 구축가능성 연구. 기록학연구, (39), 193-228. Lee, Bo-Ram et al. (2014). A Study on Usability of Open Source Software for Developing Records System: A Case of ICA AtoM. The Korean Journal of Archival Studies, (39), 193-228.

이한세, 채훈, 문선주 (2006). 해외 공개소프트웨어 정책현황과 적용사례 연구. 서울: 한국소프트웨어진흥원. Lee, Han-Se, Chae, Hun, & Moon, Sun-Ju (2006). International Status of Open Source Software Policy and Case Studies. Seoul: National IT Industry Promotion agency.

임진희 외 (2015). (2013.07-2015.06)인간과 기억아카이브 백서: 일상아카이브의 시작. 서울: 한국국가기록원. Yim, Jin-hee et al. (2015). (2013.07-2015.06) Human and memory archives white paper: the beginning of everyday-life archives. Seoul: National Archives of Korea.

정구도 (2003). 노근리는 살아있다. 서울: 백산서당. Chung, Koo-do (2003). No-Gun Ri is alive. Seoul: Baksan Seodang.

정은용 (2011). 그대, 우리의 아픔을 아는가. 서울: 다리미디어 Chung, Eung-Yong (2011). Do You Know Our Pain. Seoul: Dari Media.

조계완 (2000. 12. 12). 노근리 진실 '의도적 은폐'. 한겨레 21, 338호. 검색일자: 2015. 11. 25. Cho, Gye-Wan (2000. 12. 12). No Gun Ri truth "intentional cover-up" Hankyoreh21, 338. Retrieved November 25, 2015, from

최병수, 정구도 (1999). 6.25 동란 초기 충북영동지구의 민간인 살상사건에 관한 연구 (1): 노근리의 미국 대양민 집단살상사건을 중심으로. 충북대 인문학지, 17(1), 245-283. Choi, Pyong-Su & Chon, Ku-do (1999). A Study on A massacre of Civilians in Young-dong area, Chun-chong Province in the Early Stage of the Korean war (1) 6.25. Journal of Humanities, 17(1), 245-283.

최윤진, 최동운, 김형희, 임진희 (2014), 공개 소프트웨어 OMEKA를 이용한 기록 웹 전시 방안 연구. 기록학연구, (42), 135-183. Choi, Yun-Jin, Choi, Dong-Un, Kim, Hyeong-He, & Yim, Jin-hee (2014). A Study on the Exhibition through the Web with Open Source Software OMEKA. The Korean Journal of Archival Studies, (42), 135-183.

현문수 (2014). 로컬리티 아카이브로서 참여형 노동 아카이브 개발 모형 설계. 기록학연구, (41), 3-38. Hyun, Moon-Soo (2014). Designing a Model for Developing Participatory Labor Archives as Locality Archives. The Korean Journal of Archival Studies, (41), 3-38.

현문수, 전보배, 이동현 (2014). 참여형 디지털 아카이브 구축 실행 방안: 부산 영도 지역 조선(造船) 노동 아카이브 구축을 위하여. 기록학연구, (42), 245-285. Hyun, Moon-Soo, Jeon, Bo-Bae, & Lee, Dong-Hyun (2014). Implementing a Model for Developing Participatory Labor Archives for Shipbuilding Labor Digital Archives in Young-do, Busan Metropolitan City. The Korean Journal of Archival Studies, (42), 245-285.

Andro, M., Asselin, E., & Maisonneuve, M. (2012). Digital libraries: Comparison of 10 software. Library Collections, Acquisitions, and Technical Services, Elsevier, 36(3-4), 79-83. crossref(new window)

Archivematica. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Biswas, G. & Paul, D. (2010). An Evaluative Study on the Open Source Digital Library Software for Institutional Repository: Special Reference to Dspace and Greensotne Digital Library. International Journal of Library and Information Science, 2(1), 1-10.

Castagn10.nal JournalInstitutional Repository Software Comparison: DSpace, EPrints, Digital Commons, Islandora and Hydra. University of British Columbia. Retrieved from

Choe, S., Hanley, C. J., & Mendoza, M. (1999). War's Hidden Chapter: Ex-GIs Tell of Killing Korean Refugees, The Associated Press (Sept. 29, 1999).

CollectiveAccess. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Cook, T. (2013). Evidence, Memory, Identity, and Community: Four Shifting Archival Paradigms. Archival Science, 13, 95-120. crossref(new window)

Cruz, D., Wieland, T., & Ziegler, A. (2006). Evaluation Criteria for Free/Open Source Software Products Based on Project Analysis. Software Process Improvement and Practice, 11, 107-122. crossref(new window)

Goh, D. H.-L., Chua, A., Khoo, D. A., Khoo, E. B.-H., Mak, E. B.-T., & Ng, M. W.-M. (2006). A Checklist for Evaluating Open Source Digital Library Software. Online Information Review, 30(4), 360-379. crossref(new window)

Hedstrom, M. (2001). Digital preservation: problems and prospects. Digital Libraries, 20, Retrieved from

Jordan, A. (2011). Evaluating Open Source Digital Preservation Systems: A Case Study. Retrieved from

Lihitkar, S. R. & Lihitkar, R. S. (2012). Open Source Software for Developing Digital Library: Comparitive Study. Journal of Library and Information Technology, 32(5), 393-400. crossref(new window)

Madalli, D. P., Barve, S., & Amin, S. (2012). Digital Preservation in Open-Source Digital Library Software. Journal of Academic Librarianship, 38(3), 161-164. crossref(new window)

Masrek, M. N. & Hakimjavadi, H. (2012). Evaluation of Three Open Source Software in Terms of Managing Repositories of Electronic Theses and Dissertations: A Comparative Study. Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, 2(11), 10843-10852.

McLellan, E. (2011). Open-Source Software for Archives: Archivematica and ICA-AtoM, Presented at UBC Open Access Week 2011, Retrieved from

Omeka.(n.d.). Retrieved from

OpenDOAR (2015). Usage of Open Access Repository Software-Worldwide. Retrieved from

PBS Newshour (2001. 1. 11). No Gun Ri: Clinton's Statement Retrieved from

Pyrounakis, G., Nikolaidou, M., & Hatzopulos, M. (2014). Building Digital Collections Using Open Source Digital Repository Software: A Comparative Study. International Journal of Digital Library Systems, 4(1), 10-24. crossref(new window)

Raymond, E. S. (1999). The Cathedral and the Bazaar: Musings on Linux and Open Source by an Accidental Revolutionary. O'Reilly Media.

Singh, S. N., Ngurtinkhuma, R. K., & Singh, P. K. (2007). Open Source Software: A Comparative Study of Greenstone and DSpace. In 5th International CALIBER-2007 (pp. 89-97). Panjab University, Chandigarh: Inflibnet Center, Ahmedabad.

Sinn, D. (2007). Records and the understanding of violent events: Archival documentation, historical perception, and the No Gun Ri massacre in the Korean War, Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved from

Sinn, D. (2009). Building Collective Memory of No Gun Ri: Creating Archives as Memory. Conference Proceedings of International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA), Milan Italy, August 23-27, 2009. Retrieved from

Sinn, D. (2012). Archival Memory on the Web-Web 2.0 Technologies for Collective Memory. 한국비블리아학회지, 23(2), 45-68.

Spiro, L. (2009). Archival Management Software: A Report for the Council on Library and Information Resources. Council on Library and Information Resources Washington, D.C.

Stallman, Richard (1985). The GNU Manifesto. Retrieved from

Theimer, K. (2011, August 30). Exploring the Participatory Archives. Retrieved from

Wheeler, D. (2011). How to Evaluate Open Source Software/Free Software (OSS/FS) Programs. Retrieved from