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Effects of 10 % Lidocaine Spray and Aroma Hand Massage on Pain, Anxiety, Blood Pressure, and Pulse During Arteriovenous Fistula Needling in Hemodialysis Patients
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 Title & Authors
Effects of 10 % Lidocaine Spray and Aroma Hand Massage on Pain, Anxiety, Blood Pressure, and Pulse During Arteriovenous Fistula Needling in Hemodialysis Patients
Song, Ji Mi; Park, Hye-Ja;
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 Abstract
Purpose: To determine the effects of 10 % lidocaine spray and aroma hand massage on pain, anxiety, blood pressure, and pulse during arteriovenous (AV) fistula needling in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Methods: This study used a quasi-experimental design. Forty HD patients were assigned to either 10 % lidocaine spray group (n=21) or aroma massage group (n=19). 10 % lidocaine was sprayed 3 times around AV fistula 10 minutes before. Aroma hand massage was performed for 5 minutes with fluids containing 2 % of lavender, peppermint, and geranium concentrate mixture. Pain, anxiety, blood pressure, and pulse were measured during AV fistula needling without any intervention on the first week and during interventions on the second week. Data were analyzed with test, Fisher's exact test, t-test, paired t-test and MANCOVA. Results: Pain and anxiety were significantly decreased in both the lidocaine spray group and aroma massage group. Aroma hand massage was more effective to reduce pulse during AV fistula needling. Conclusion: The results suggest that 10% lidocaine spray and aroma hand massage may be effective to reduce pain, anxiety, and pulse during AV fistula needling in HD patients.
 Keywords
Anxiety;Lidocaine;Massage;Pain;Pulse;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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