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An Analysis on Shadow Price, Substitutability, and Productivity Growth Effect of Non-Priced Renewable Energy in the Korean Manufacturing Industries
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 Title & Authors
An Analysis on Shadow Price, Substitutability, and Productivity Growth Effect of Non-Priced Renewable Energy in the Korean Manufacturing Industries
Lee, Myunghun;
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This paper analyzes the firms` optimization behavior in response to rising demand for non-priced renewable energy in the manufacturing industries by using an input distance function. The annual estimates of the shadow price of renewable energy is derived and the trend of its shadow price over time is analyzed. The degree of substitution of renewable energy for fossil-fuels is examined. The input-based Malmquist productivity index, defined as a composite of the technical efficiency and technical change measures, is measured. The contribution of renewable energy input growth to the Malmquist index is analyzed. Empirical results indicate that the shadow price of renewable energy declined at an average annual rate of 17% over the period 1992-2012. Substitutability between renewable energy and fossil-fuels was limited. On average, a 1% increase in renewable energy would decrease Malmquist index by 0.04% per year.
Non-priced renewable energy;Input distance function;Shadow price;Indirect Morishima elasticity of substitution;Malmquist productivity growth index;Manufacturing industries;
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