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Uses of Music by People with Adventitious Visual Impairments
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  • Journal title : Journal of Music and Human Behavior
  • Volume 13, Issue 1,  2016, pp.41-60
  • Publisher : Korea Music Therapy Education Association
  • DOI : 10.21187/jmhb.2016.13.1.041
 Title & Authors
Uses of Music by People with Adventitious Visual Impairments
Yang, Ji Hye; Park, Hye Young;
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This study investigated how people who became blind midway through life used music and how these uses differed according to individual factors. Sixty-one late-blind adults aged 40 to 60 years attending six welfare centers for the blind in Seoul and Gyeonggi region participated in this research. Participants were asked to complete a 25-question survey in Braille on music utilization and preference, as well as the purpose of music utilization. The response rate was 87.1%. The results were as follows. First, with regard to listening preference, they reported preferring to listen to upbeat popular music on the radio when resting at home. They liked to sing along to lyrics reminiscent of personal memories. String instruments were preferred when playing an instrument. With regard to the reason for using music, inducing mood change was found to be the biggest reason, followed by seeking enjoyment, comfort, sense of achievement, and sense of belonging. Third, for people with adventitious visual impairments, individual factors, such as gender, level of disability, and period without eyesight, did not reveal any significant differences. Last, participants were found to obtain a higher sense of belonging through music compared to those having low vision. Regarding time without eyesight, it appeared that the shorter the period, the higher the sense of belonging participants had from utilizing music, and vice versa. This study provides fundamental information for organizing an effective music program that can meet the needs and demands of people with adventitious visual impairments.
adventitious visual impairments;use of music;music preference;benefits of music uses;
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