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Modeling Three-dimensional Free Surface Flow around Thin Wall Incorporation Hydrodynamic Pressure on δ-coordinate
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  • Journal title : Journal of Wetlands Research
  • Volume 16, Issue 3,  2014, pp.327-336
  • Publisher : Korean Wetlands Society
  • DOI : 10.17663/JWR.2014.16.3.327
 Title & Authors
Modeling Three-dimensional Free Surface Flow around Thin Wall Incorporation Hydrodynamic Pressure on δ-coordinate
Kim, Hyo-Seob; Yoo, Ho-Jun; Jin, Jae-Yul; Jang, Chang-Hwan; Lee, Jung-Su; Baek, Seung-Won;
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Submerged thin walls are extreme case of submerged rectangular blocks, and could be used for many purposes in rivers or coastal zones, e.g. to tsunami. To understand flow characteristics including flow and pressure fields around a specific submerged thin wall a numerical model was applied which includes computation of hydrodynamic pressure on -coordinate. -coordinate has strong merits for simulation of subcritical flow over mild-sloped beds. On the other hand -coordinate is quite poor to treat sharp structures on the bed. There have been a few trials to incorporate dynamic pressure in -coordinate by some researchers. One of the previous approaches includes process of sloving the Poisson equation. However, the above method includes many high-order terms, and requires long cpu for simulation. Another method SOLA was developed by Hirt et al. for computation of dynamic pressure, but it was valid for straight grid system only. Previous SOLA was modified for -coordinate for the present purpose and was adopted in a model system, CST3D. Computed flow field shows reasonable behaviour including vorticity is much stronger than the upstream and downstream of the structure. The model was verified to laboratory experiments at a 2DV flume. Time-average flow vectors were measured by using one-dimensional electro-magnetic velocimeter. Computed flow field agrees well with the measured flow field within 10 % error from the speed point of view at 5 profiles. It is thought that the modified SOLA scheme is useful for -coordinate system.
CST3D;Sigma Coordinate;Hydrodynamic pressure;
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