Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Difference in Shoreline Flora According to the Usage of Reservoirs in Korea
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Journal of Wetlands Research
  • Volume 17, Issue 4,  2015, pp.339-347
  • Publisher : Korean Wetlands Society
  • DOI : 10.17663/JWR.2015.17.4.339
 Title & Authors
Difference in Shoreline Flora According to the Usage of Reservoirs in Korea
Cho, Hyunsuk; Cho, Kang-Hyun;
  PDF(new window)
Differences in characteristics of flora and environmental factors of geomorphology, hydrology, water quality and soil were investigated in the shoreline of total 35 reservoirs according to their usages of waterpower generation, agricultural water supply, residential and industrial water supply and flood control in Korea. The number of plant species, floral structure and characteristics of species traits in the shoreline of reservoirs were different according to their usage. From the results of stepwise regression analysis, the total number of vascular plant species was increased at the environment of the higher flood frequency at the median water level and the longer exposure duration of the shoreline. The results of principal coordinates analysis and cluster analysis showed that the shoreline flora was classified as the 3 types of 1) flood control and residential and industrial water supply, 2) agricultural water supply and 3) waterpower generation reservoirs. The water level fluctuation, flood frequency at the median water level, lake water quality index and exposure duration of the shoreline were selected as important environmental factors affected on the characteristics of shoreline flora. The species richness of total flora and hydrophytes, especially submerged macrophytes, were much higher in the reservoirs for the purpose of the waterpower generation in which mesotrophic water quality and stable water levels were maintained. Annual or biennial ruderals were established on the ephemeral drawdown zone of flood control, residential and industrial water supply reservoirs which have oligotrophic or mesotrophic water quality and wide range of water level fluctuation. The floating hydrophytes were differentially dominated in the littoral zones of the agricultural water supply reservoirs with a mesotrophic or eutrophic water quality and a medium water level fluctuation. In conclusion environmental factors related to water level fluctuation and water quality were different and then the floral characteristics of shoreline were distinguishable according to usage of Korean reservoirs.
Flora;Reservoir;Shoreline;Water level fluctuation;Water quality;
 Cited by
Abrahams, C (2005). The ecology and management of drawdown zones, British Wildlife, 16, pp. 395-402.

Beklioglu, M, Altinayar, G and Tan, CO (2006). Water level control over submerged macrophyte development in five shallow lakes of Mediterranean Turkey, Archiv fur Hydrobiologie, 166, pp. 535-556. crossref(new window)

Brian, R, Venables, B, Bates, DM, Hornik, K, Gebhardt, A and Firth, D (2002). Modern applied statistics with S, The J. of the Royal Statistical Society, 52, pp. 689-705.

Casanova, MT and Brock, MA (2000). How do depth, duration and frequency of flooding influence the establishment of wetland plant communities? Plant Ecology, 147, pp. 237-250. crossref(new window)

Chambers, PA and Kaiff, J (1985). Depth distribution and biomass of submersed aquatic macrophyte communities in relation to Secchi depth, Canadian J. of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 42, pp. 701-709. crossref(new window)

Cho, HS (2013). Characteristics of the vegetation structure in the drawdown zone of Korean reservoir, Master's Thesis, Inha University, Incheon, Korea. [Korean Literature]

Cho, HS and Cho, K-H (2013). Analysis of environmental factors of geomorphology, hydrology, water quality and shoreline soil in reservoirs of Korea, The Korean Society of Limnology, 46, pp. 343-359. [Korean Literature] crossref(new window)

Choung, YS, Lee, WT, Cho, K-H, Joo, KY, Min, BM, Hyun, J-O, Lee, KS (2012). Categorizing Vascular Plant Species Occurring in Wetland Ecosystems of the Korean Peninsula, Center for Aquatic Ecosystem Restoration, Chuncheon, Korea. [Korean Literature]

Choung, CJ, Kopaska, JA and Downing, JA (2004). A century of change in macrophyte abundance and composition in response to agricultural eutrophication, Hydrobiologia, 524, pp. 145-156. crossref(new window)

Emmanuel, P, Bolker, B, Claude, J, Cuong, HS, Desper, R, Durand, B, Dutheil, J, Gascuel, O, Heibl, C, Lawson, D, Lefort, V, Legendre, P, Lemon, J, McCloskey, R, Nylander, J, Opgen-Rhein, R, Popescu, A, Schliep, K, Strimmer, K and de Vienne, D (2015). Analyses of Phylogenetics and Evolution, Package'ape'.

Harrell, FE (2015). Package 'Hmisc'.

Hill, NM, Keddy, PA and Wisheu, IC (1998). A hydrological model for predicting the effects of dams on the shoreline vegetation of lakes and reservoirs, Environmental Management, 22, pp. 723-736. crossref(new window)

Hofmann, H, Lorke, A and Peeters, F (2008). Temporal scales of water-level fluctuations in lakes and their ecological implications, Hydrobiologia, 613, pp. 85-96. crossref(new window)

Hough, RA, Mark, DF, Brian, JN, Robert, LT and David, AP (1989). Plant Community dynamics in a chain of lakes: principal factors in the decline of rooted macrophytes with eutrophication, Hydrobiologia, 173, pp. 199-217. crossref(new window)

Keddy, P and Fraser, LH (2000). Four general principles for the management and conservation of wetlands in large lakes: The role of water levels, nutrients, competitive hierarchies and centrifugal organization, Lakes & Reservoirs: Research and Management, 5, pp. 177-185. crossref(new window)

Keddy, PA and Reznicek, AA (1986). Great Lakes vegetation dynamics: the role of fluctuating water level and buried seeds, J. of Great Lakes Research, 12, pp. 25-36. crossref(new window)

Kim, HJ and Kim, HI (2010). Water quality management of agricultural reservoirs considering effective water depth, Korean National Committee on Irrigation and Drainage Journal, 17, pp. 95-104. [Korean Literature]

Lee, Y, Kim, J-K, Jung, S, Eum, J, Kim, C and Kim, B (2014). Development of a water quality index model for lakes and reservoirs, Paddy and Water Environment, 12, pp. 19-28. crossref(new window)

Lee. TB (2003). Coloured Flora of Korea, Hyangmun Publisher, Seoul, Korea. [Korean Literature]

Leira, M and Cantonati, M (2008). Effects of water-level fluctuations on lakes: an annotated bibliography, Hydrobiologia, 613, pp. 171-184. crossref(new window)

Lu, Z-J, Li, L-F, Jiang, M-X, Huang, H-D and Bao, D-C (2010). Can the soil seed bank contribute to revegetation of the drawdown zone in the Three Gorges Reservoir Region? Plant Ecology, 209, pp. 153-165. crossref(new window)

Naselli-Flores, L and Barone, R (2005). Water-level fluctuations in Mediterranean reservoirs: setting a dewatering threshold as a management tool to improve water quality, Hydrobiologia, 548, pp. 85-99. crossref(new window)

Nishihiro, J, Kato, Y, Yoshida, T and Washitani, I (2014). Heterogeneous distribution of a floating-leaved plant, Trapa japonica, in Lake Mikata, Japan, is determined by limitations on seed dispersal and harmful salinity levels, Ecological Research, 29, pp. 981-989. crossref(new window)

Oksanen, J, Blanchet, FG, Kindt, R, Legendre, P, Minchin, PR, O'Hara, RB, Simpson, GL, Solymos, P, Stevens, MHH and Wagner, H (2015). Package 'vegan', Community Ecology Package.

Park, SH. (2009). New Illustrations and Photographs of Naturalized Plants of Korea, Ilchokak, Seoul, Korea. [Korean Literature]

Phillips, GL, Eminson, D and Moss, B (1978). A mechanism to account for macrophyte decline in progressively eutrophicated freshwaters, Aquatic Botany, 4, pp. 103-126. crossref(new window)

R Core Team (2015). R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria,

Rural Agricultural Water Resource Information System (RAWRIS) (2012).

Smith, SDP (2014). The roles of nitrogen and phosphorus in regulating the dominance of floating and submerged aquatic plants in a field mesocosm experiment, Aquatic Botany, 112, pp. 1-9. crossref(new window)

Steffen, K, Becker, T, Herr, W and Leuschner, C (2013). Diversity loss in the macrophyte vegetation of northwest German streams and rivers between the 1950s and 2010, Hydrobiologia, 713, pp. 1-17. crossref(new window)

Stroh, HG (2006). Contribution to the ephemeral wetland vegetation along riverbanks and lakeshores of Western Thrace (NE Greece), Tuexenia, 26, pp. 353-388.

Thomaz, SM, Thomaz, AP, Bini, LM and Murphy, KJ (2006). Effect of reservoir drawdown on biomass of three species of aquatic macrophytes in a large sub-tropical reservoir (Itaipu, Brazil). Hydrologia, 570, pp. 53-59.

Van Geest, GJ, Wolters, H, Roozen, FCJM, Coops, H, Roijackers, RMM, Buijse, AD and Scheffer, M (2005). Water-level fluctuations affect macrophyte richness in floodplain lakes, Hydrobiologia, 539, pp. 239-248. crossref(new window)

Wagner, T and Falter, CM (2002). Response of an aquatic macrophyte community to fluctuating water levels in an oligotrophic lake, Lake and Reservoir Management, 18, pp. 52-65. crossref(new window)

Water Resources Management Information System (WAMIS) (2012).

Wilcox, DA and Nichols, SJ (2008). The Effects of water-level fluctuations on vegetation in a Lake Huron wetland, Wetlands, 28, pp. 487-501. crossref(new window)

Wooten, JW (1986). Variations in leaf characteristics of six species of Sagittaria (Alismataceae) caused by various water levels, Aquatic Botany, 23, pp. 321-27. crossref(new window)

Yoon, KS, Lee, KS, Kim, HJ and Kim, HI (2003). Classification and water quality management of agricultural reservoirs, Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, 45, pp. 66-77. [Korean Literature]