JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Study on The Thermochemical Degradation Features of Empty Fruit Bunch on The Function of Pyrolysis Temperature
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Study on The Thermochemical Degradation Features of Empty Fruit Bunch on The Function of Pyrolysis Temperature
Lee, Jae Hoon; Moon, Jae Gwan; Choi, In-Gyu; Choi, Joon Weon;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
We performed fast pyrolysis of empty fruit bunch (EFB) in the range of temperature from and 1.3 s of residence time. The effect of temperature on the yields and physicochemical properties of pyrolytic products were also studied. Elemental and component analysis of EFB showed that the large amount of potassium (ca. 8400 ppm) presents in the feedstock. Thermogravimetric analysis suggested that the potassium in the feedstock catalyzed degradation of cellulose. The yield of bio-oil increased with increasing temperature in the range of temperature from , while that of gas and biochar decreased and showed monotonous change each with increasing temperature. When the EFB was pyrolyzed at , the yield of bio-oil and char decreased while that of gas increased. Water content of the bio-oils obtained at different temperatures was 20~30% and their total acid number were less than 100 mg KOH/g oil. Viscosity of the bio-oils was 11 cSt (centistoke), and heating value varied from 15 to 17 MJ/kg. Using GC/MS analysis, 27 chemical compounds which were classified into two groups (cellulose-derived and lignin-derived) were identified. Remarkably the concentration of phenol was approximately 25% based on entire chemical compounds.
 Keywords
biomass;empty fruit bunch;fast pyrolysis;bio-oil;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Ahn, B.-J., Han, G.-S., Choi, D.-H., Cho, S.-T., Lee, S.-M. 2014. Assessment of The Biomass Potential Recovered from Oil Palm Plantation and Crude Palm Oil Production in Indonesia. Journal of The Korean Wood Science and Technology 42(3): 231-243. crossref(new window)

2.
Bridgwater, A.V. 2012. Review of fast pyrolysis of biomass and product upgrading. Biomass and Bioenergy 38: 68-94. crossref(new window)

3.
Bridgwater, A.V., Meier, D., Radlein, D. 1999. An overview of fast pyrolysis of biomass. Organic Geochemistry 30(12): 1479-1493. crossref(new window)

4.
Demirbas, M.F., Balat, M. 2007. Biomass pyrolysis for liquid fuels and chemicals A review. Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research 66(10): 797-804.

5.
Eom, I.Y., Kim, K.H., Kim, J.Y., Lee, S.M., Yeo, H.M., Choi, I.G., Choi, J.W. 2011. Characterization of primary thermal degradation features of lignocellulosic biomass after removal of inorganic metals by diverse solvents. Bioresource Technology 102(3): 3437-3444. crossref(new window)

6.
Eom, I.Y., Kim, J.Y., Kim, T.S., Lee, S.M., Choi, D., Choi, I.G., Choi, J.W. 2012. Effect of essential inorganic metals on primary thermal degradation of lignocellulosic biomass. Bioresource Technology 104: 687-694. crossref(new window)

7.
Fahmi, R., Bridgwater, A.V., Donnison, I., Yates, N., Jones, J.M. 2008. The effect of lignin and inorganic species in biomass on pyrolysis oil yields, quality and stability. Fuel 87(7): 1230-1240. crossref(new window)

8.
Hwang, H., Oh, S., Kim, J.Y., Lee, S.M., Choi, T.S., Choi, J.W. 2012. Effect of Particle Size and Moisture Content of Woody Biomass on the Feature of Pyrolytic Products. Journal of The Korean Wood Science and Technology 40(6): 445-453. crossref(new window)

9.
Hwang, H., Oh, S., Cho, T.S., Choi, I.G., Choi, J.W. 2013. Fast pyrolysis of potassium impregnated poplar wood and characterization of its influence on the formation as well as properties of pyrolytic products. Bioresource Technology 150: 359-366. crossref(new window)

10.
Kerdsuwan, S., Laohalidanond, K. 2011. Renewable Energy from Palm Oil Empty Fruit Bunch. in: Renewable Energy - Trends and Applications, (Ed.) M. Nayeripour, InTech, pp. 123-150.

11.
Kim, K.H., Eom, I.Y., Lee, S.M., Choi, D., Yeo, H., Choi, I.-G., Choi, J.W. 2011. Investigation of physicochemical properties of biooils produced from yellow poplar wood (Liriodendron tulipifera) at various temperatures and residence times. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 92(1): 2-9. crossref(new window)

12.
Luo, Z., Wang, S., Liao, Y., Zhou, J., Gu, Y., Cen, K. 2004. Research on biomass fast pyrolysis for liquid fuel. Biomass and Bioenergy 26(5): 455-462. crossref(new window)

13.
Mohan, D., Pittman, C., Steele, P. 2006. Pyrolysis of Wood Biomass for Bio-oil: A Critical Review. Energy & Fuels 20(3): 848-889. crossref(new window)

14.
Mu, D., Seager, T., Rao, P.S., Zhao, F. 2010. Comparative life cycle assessment of lignocellulosic ethanol production: biochemical versus thermochemical conversion. Environmental Management 46(4): 565-578. crossref(new window)

15.
Nowakowski, D.J., Jones, J.M. 2008. Uncatalysed and potassium-catalysed pyrolysis of the cell-wall constituents of biomass and their model compounds. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 83(1): 12-25. crossref(new window)

16.
Oasmaa, A., Elliott, D.C., Korhonen, J. 2010a. Acidity of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis Bio-oils. Energy & Fuels 24(12): 6548-6554. crossref(new window)

17.
Oasmaa, A., Solantausta, Y., Arpiainen, V., Kuoppala, E., Sipila, K. 2010b. Fast Pyrolysis Bio-Oils from Wood and Agricultural Residues. Energy & Fuels, 24(2), 1380-1388. crossref(new window)

18.
Oh, S., Hwang, H., Choi, H. S., & Choi, J. W. 2015. The effects of noble metal catalysts on the bio-oil quality during the hydrodeoxygenative upgrading process. Fuel 153: 535-543. crossref(new window)

19.
Ragauskas, A.J., Williams, C.K., Davison, B.H., George, B., John, C., Eckert, C.A., Frederick Jr., W.J., Hallett, J.P., Leak, D.J., Liotta, C.L., Mielenz, J.R., Murphy, R., Templer, R., Tschaplinski, T. 2006. The Path Forward for Biofuels and Biomaterials. Science 311(5760): 484-489. crossref(new window)

20.
Ramiah, M.V. 1970. Thermogravimetric and Differential Thermal Analysis of Cellulose, Hemicellulose, and Lignin. Journal of Applied Polymer Science 14(5): 1323-1337. crossref(new window)

21.
Shao, J., Agblevor, F. 2015. New Rapid Method for the Determination of Total Acid Number (Tan) of Bio-Oils. American Journal of Biomass and Bioenergy 4(1): 1-9.

22.
Shinano, T., Funaoka, M., Shirai, Y., Hassan, M.A. 2010. Potential of Oil Palm Lignocellulose for Producing Industrial Raw Materials. Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan 35(4): 937-940. crossref(new window)

23.
Sluiter, J.B., Ruiz, R.O., Scarlata, C.J., Sluiter, A.D., Templeton, D.W. 2010. Compositional analysis of lignocellulosic feedstocks. 1. Review and description of methods. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 58(16): 9043-9053. crossref(new window)

24.
Wise, L.E., Murphy, M., d'Addieco, A.A. 1946. Chlorite holocellulose, its fractionation and bearing on summative wood analysis and on studies on the hemicelluloses. Paper Trade Journal 122(2): 35-43.

25.
Yusoff, S. 2006. Renewable energy from palm oil innovation on effective utilization of waste. Journal of Cleaner Production 14(1): 87-93. crossref(new window)