Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Seasonal Variation of Global Volume Transport Calculated from an Ocean General Circulation Model
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Ocean and Polar Research
  • Volume 24, Issue 1,  2002, pp.1-18
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • DOI : 10.4217/OPR.2002.24.1.001
 Title & Authors
Seasonal Variation of Global Volume Transport Calculated from an Ocean General Circulation Model
Jang, Chan-Joo; Noh, Yign; Kim, Cheol-Ho;
  PDF(new window)
Seasonal variation in global transport calculated from an ocean general circulation model (OGCM) has been assessed through the comparison with observational estimates. The OGCM based on the GFDL MOM1.1 has honzontal grid interval of 10 and 21 verticle levels, and was integrated for 31 years forced by climatological wind stress, freshwater flux, and heat flux with restoring. General features of the world ocean circulation are well reproduced, which include the western boundary currents such as the Kuroshio and the Agulhas Current, the Equatorial Current system, the Antarctic Circumpolar Current, and the Weddell Sea gyres. Also well resolved is the remarkable seasonal variation in the depth-integrated flows in the northern Indian Ocean due to the monsoonal wind. Monthly variation is found to be dominant in the transport of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current through the Drake Passage in accordance with observational estimates. It has been shown that the mid-latitude depth-integrated flows obey the Sverdrup relation, except for some regions such as continental shelf regions where the interaction between stratification and bottom topography is critical.
volume transport;OGCM;seasonal variation;Sverdrup relation;
 Cited by
해양 대순환 모델로 모사된 태평양 해역의 아표층 해수 교환 분석,장유순;조창우;윤용훈;

Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 2005. vol.41. 6, pp.1089-1100
파랑모델과 부이 자료를 이용한 파랑인자 특성 분석,장유순;서장원;김태희;윤용훈;

한국해양학회지:바다, 2003. vol.8. 3, pp.274-284
Beckmann, A., H. Hatmut, and R. Timmermann. 1999. A numerical model of the Weddell Sea: Large-scale circulation and water mass distribution. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 23375-23391. crossref(new window)

Best, S.E., V.O. lvchenko, K.J. Richards, R.D. Smith, and R.C. Malone. 1999. Eddies in numerical models of the Antractic Circumpolar Current and their influence on the mean flow. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29, 328-350. crossref(new window)

Broecker, W.S. 1991. The great ocean conveyor. Oceanography, 4, 79-89. crossref(new window)

Chu, P.C. and R.P. Li. 2000. South China Sea isopycnal surface circulations. J. Phys. Oceanogl., 30, 2419-2438. crossref(new window)

Da Silva, A.M., C.C. Young, and S. Levitus. 1994. Atlas of surface marine data 1994. vol. 4: Anomalies of freshwater flux. NOAA Atlas NESDIS 9, U.S. Gov. Printing Office, Wash., DC, 308 p.

Fahrbach, E., G. Rohaedt, M. Schroder, and V. Stress. 1994. Transport and structure of the Weddell Gyre. Ann. Geophysicae, 12, 840-855. crossref(new window)

Godfrey, J.S. 1989. A Sverdrup model of the depth-integrated flow for the world ocean allowing for island circulations. Geophys. Astrophys. Fluid Dynamics, 45, 89-112. crossref(new window)

Godfrey, J.S. 1996. The effects of the Indonesian throughflow on ocean circulation and heat exchange with the atmosphere: A review. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 12217-12237. crossref(new window)

Gordon, A.L. 1985. Indian-Atlantic transfer of thermocine water at the Agulhas Retroection. Science, 227, 1030-1033. crossref(new window)

Gordon, A.L. 1986. Interocean exchange of thermocline water. J. Geophys. Res., 91, 5037-5046. crossref(new window)

Hamon, B.V. 1965. The East Australian Current. Deep Sea Res., 12, 899-921.

Hautala, S.L, D.H. Roemmich, and W.J.Jr. Schmitz. 1994. Is the North Pacific in Svedrup balance along $24{^{\circ}}$N? J. Geophys. Res., 99, 16041-16052. crossref(new window)

HeIlerman, S. and M. Rosenstein. 1983. Normal monthly wind stress over the world ocean model. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 13, 1093-1104. crossref(new window)

Hogg, N.G. 1992. On the transport of the Gulf Stream between Cape Hetteras and the Grand Banks. Deep Sea Res., 39, 1231-1246. crossref(new window)

Huang, Q.Z., WZ. Wang, Y.S. Li, and C.W. Li. 1994. Current characteristics of the South China Sea. In: Oceanology of China Seas, eds. by D. Zhou, Y.B. Liang, and C.K. Tseng. Kluwer Acad.

Isobe, A., S. Tawara, A. Kaneko, and M. Kawano. 1994. Seasonal variability in the Tsushima Warm Current, Tsushima-Korea Strait. Cont. Shelf Res., 14, 23-35. crossref(new window)

Kagimoto, . Y. and T. Yamagata. 1997. Seasonal transport variations of the Kuroshio: An OGCM simulation. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 27, 403-418. crossref(new window)

Kalnay, E. and Coauthors. 1996. The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bull. Amer. Meter. Soc., 77, 437-471. crossref(new window)

Knauss, J.A. 1997. Introduction to Physical Oceanography. 2 edn. Prentice Hall.

Large, W.G., G. Danabasoglu, S. Doney, and J.C. McWilliams. 1997. Sensitivity to surface forcing and boundary layer mixing in a global ocean model: annual-mean climatology. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 27, 2418-2447. crossref(new window)

Levitus, S. 1982. Climatological Atlas of the World Ocean. Tech. Rept., U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, DC.

Lutjeharms, J.R.E. and U. Ansorge. 2001. The Agulhas Return Current. J. Mar. Sys., 30, 115-138. crossref(new window)

Masumoto, Y. and T. Yamagata. 1996. Seasonal variations of the Indonesian throughflow in a general ocean ciculation model. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 12287-12293. crossref(new window)

Metzger, E.J. and H.E. Hurlburt. 1996. Coupled dynamics of the South China Sea, the Sulu sea, and the Pacific ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 12331-12352. crossref(new window)

Myers, P.G. and A.J. Weaver. 1996. On the circulation of the North Pacific Ocean: climatology, seasonal cycle and interpentadal variability. Prog. Oceanogr., 38, 1-49. crossref(new window)

Moery, S.L., J.P. Shriver, and J.J. O'Brien. 1999. The effects of Halmahera on the Indonesian through flow. J. Geophys. Res., 104,23281-23296. crossref(new window)

Noh, Y. and H.J. Kim. 1999. Simulation of temperature and turbulence structure of the oceanic boundary layer with the improved near-surface process. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 15621-15634. crossref(new window)

Noh, Y, C.J. Jang, T. Yamagata, P.C. Chu, and C.H. Kim. 2002. Simulation of more realistic upper ocean process from an OGCM with a new ocean mixed layer model. J. Phys. Oceanogr. (In press).

Nowlin, W.D.Jr. and J.M. Klinch. 1986. The physics of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Rev. Geophys., 24, 469-491. crossref(new window)

Pacanowski, R.e., K.W Dixon, and A. Rosati. 1991. GFDL Modular Ocean Model, Users Guide Version 1.0. Tech. Rept. Geophys. Fluid Dyn. Lab., Princeton, USA.

Perkins, H., W. Teague, G. Jacobs., K.I. Chang, and M.-S. Suk. 2000. Currents in Korea-Tsushima Strait during summer 1999. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 3033-3036.

Peterson, R.G. and L. Stramma. 1991. Upper-level circulation in the south Atlantic ocean. Prog. Oceanogr., 26, 1-73. crossref(new window)

Pillsbury, R.D. and S.S. Jacobs. 1985. Preliminary observations from long-term current meter moorings near the Ross Ice Shelf. p. 87-107. In: Oceanography of the Antarctic Continental Shelf, Antarct. Res. Ser. Vol. 43, ed. by S.S. Jacobs. Washington DC.

Reid, J.L. 1986. On the total geostrophic circulation of the South Pacific Ocean: flow pattern, tracers, and transport. Prog. Oceanogr., 16, 1-16. crossref(new window)

Reid, J.L. 1994. On the total geostrophic circulation of the North Atlantic Ocean: flow pattern, tracers, and transport. Prog. Oceanogr., 33, 1-92. crossref(new window)

Reynolds, RW and T.M. Smith. 1994. Improved global sea surface temperature analysis using optimum interpolation. J. Clim., 7, 929-948. crossref(new window)

Rosati, A and K. Miyakoda. 1988. A general circulation model for upper ocean simulation. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 18,1601-1626. crossref(new window)

Schroder, M. and E. Fahrbach. 1999. On the structure and the transport of the eastern Weddell Gyre. Deep Sea Res. part 1,46,501-527. crossref(new window)

Sekine, Y. and K. Kutsuwada. 1994. Seasonal variation in volume transport of the Kuroshio south of Japan. J.Phys. Oceanogr:, 24, 261-272. crossref(new window)

Shaw, P.T. 1989. The intmsion of water masses into the sea southwest of Taiwan. J Geophys. Res., 94, 18213-18216. crossref(new window)

Shaw, P.T. 1991. The seasonal variation of the intmsion of Philippine Sea water into the South China Sea. J. Geophys. Res., 96, 821-827. crossref(new window)

Stramma, L. and J.R.E. Lutjeharms. 1997. The flow field of the subtropical gyres in the Southern Indian Ocean. J Geophys. Res., 102, 5513-5530. crossref(new window)

Swallow, J.C., M. Fieux, and F. Schott. 1988. The boundary currents east and north of Madagascar: I. Geostrophic currents and transport. J. Geophys. Res., 93, 4951-4962. crossref(new window)

Tomczak, M. and J.S. Godfrey. 1994. Regional Oceanography: An Introduction. Pergamon, 422 p.

Whiteworth, T. III and R.G. Peterson. 1985. Volume transport of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current from bottom pressure measurements. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 15, 810-816. crossref(new window)

Whiteworth, T. Ill, W.D.Jr. Nowlin, and S.J. Worley. 1982. The net transport of the Antractic Circumpolar Current through Drake Passage. J. Phys. Oceanogr, 12,960-971. crossref(new window)

Wyrtki, K. 1961. Scientific results of marine investigations of the South China Sea and Gulf of Thailand 1959-1961. Tech. Rept. Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego.

Yi, S.U. 1966. Seasonal and secular variations of the water volume transport across the Korea Strait. J Oceanogr. Soc. Korea, 1, 7-13.