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Natural and Anthropogenic Heavy Metal Deposition to the Snow in King George Island, Antarctic Peninsula
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  • Journal title : Ocean and Polar Research
  • Volume 24, Issue 3,  2002, pp.279-287
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • DOI : 10.4217/OPR.2002.24.3.279
 Title & Authors
Natural and Anthropogenic Heavy Metal Deposition to the Snow in King George Island, Antarctic Peninsula
Hong, Sung-Min; Lluberas, Albert; Lee, Gang-Woong; Park, Jun-Kun;
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Successive 24 snow samples, collected from a 1.2m snow pit at a site on the summit of Main Dome in King George Island, Antarctic Peninsula, were measured for heavy metals such as Pb, Cd, Cu, and Zn and other chemical species. The mean concentrations of heavy metals are 3.48pg/g for Pb, 0.10pg/g for Cd, 16.6 pg/g for Cu and 15.8 pg/g for Zn, respectively. Pb and Cd concentrations observed in our samples are very comparable to those reported for recent snow at other Antarctic sites, while Zn and Cu levels are much higher than those at other sites. The annual fallout fluxes of all heavy metals approximately calculated are, however, much greater in King George Island than at other sites. With respect to the estimates of natural contributions, sea salt spray is found to be a major contributor to Cd and Zn inputs to the snow and minor to Cu inputs. On the other hand, the anthropogenic input can account for a large part of Pb concentrations. A tentative estimate represents that local emissions could be responsible for more than half of the excess Pb flux to the snow in King George Island.
snow;heavy metals;natural sources;anthropogenic input;
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