Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Ecological and Morphological Characteristics of Zostera caulescens Miki (Zosteraceae) in Korea
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Ocean and Polar Research
  • Volume 24, Issue 4,  2002, pp.345-357
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • DOI : 10.4217/OPR.2002.24.4.345
 Title & Authors
Ecological and Morphological Characteristics of Zostera caulescens Miki (Zosteraceae) in Korea
Lee, Sang-Yong; Suh, Young-Bae; Kim, Sang-Tae; Choi, Chung-Il;
  PDF(new window)
Ecological characteristics on habitats and morphological features of the seagrass Zostera caulescens Miki in Korea were examined. The biogeographical distribution of Z. caulescens was confirmed in the south coast of the Korea. Zostera caulescens usually inhabits at the inner bay, where is sheltered from wave action and 3.0 to 6.5 m deep. The sediment in habitats is composed of very fine muddy sand or sandy mud. In morphology, Z. caulescens is easily distinguished from other species of the genus by the formation of vegetative canopy on the top of reproductive stems. The number of longitudinal ribs in testa was 24 revealed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) while the number of ribs in Z. marina has been often reported to be 16-20. Purplish anthocyanin spots were displayed on the surface when the testa was removed. We found that the size and shape of leaf epidermal cells in Z. caulescens were very different from those of Z. marina when the leaf cuticles were removed by maceration which could be useful characters for identifying Zostera species. The leaf of Z. caulescens displays two different casts of color when the fresh plant is closely observed. The margins of leaves appear brighter than the center of leaves due to the thickening by the development of paralleled venation in the middle of leaves. The comparison of two populations of Z. caulescens in Korea showed that they were considerably different in their shoot density and biomass. The shoot density and biomass at Gabae population was dry wt respectively, while those at Jukrim population were , respectively.
Biomass;habitat environments;morphology;seagrass;shoot density;Zostera caulescens Miki;
 Cited by
동해 덕산항에 생육하는 거머리말(Zostera marina L.) 개체군의 생물계절학과 형태 변이,이상룡;이성미;김정하;최청일;

한국해양학회지:바다, 2003. vol.8. 2, pp.70-77
한국산 해초 포기거머리말, 수거머리말, 애기거머리말과 거머리말의 생물계절학,이성미;이상룡;최청일;

Ocean and Polar Research, 2005. vol.27. 2, pp.125-133 crossref(new window)
First Report on the Occurrence of the Comb Pen Shell, Atrina pectinata (Linnaeus, 1767) (Bivalvia: Pinnidae) in Ulleungdo Island in the East Sea: Ecology and Molecular Identification of the Species using COI Gene Sequence,;;;;;;

Ocean Science Journal, 2015. vol.50. 4, pp.649-655 crossref(new window)
First report on the occurrence of the comb pen shell, Atrina pectinata (Linnaeus, 1767) (Bivalvia: Pinnidae) in Ulleungdo Island in the East Sea: Ecology and molecular identification of the species using COI gene sequence, Ocean Science Journal, 2015, 50, 4, 649  crossref(new windwow)
Reproductive Phenology of Four Korean Seagrasses, Zostera caespitosa, Z. caulescens, Z. japonica and Z. marina, Ocean and Polar Research, 2005, 27, 2, 125  crossref(new windwow)
Seasonal growth dynamics of the seagrass Zostera caulescens on the eastern coast of Korea, Ocean Science Journal, 2014, 49, 4, 391  crossref(new windwow)
박만규. 1949. 문교 연구 총서 제2집: 우리나라 식물명감. 문교부, p. 267.

이영로. 1996. 원색한국식물도감. (주)교학사, p. 893.

이창복. 1982. 대한식물도감. 향문사, p. 74.

이춘령, 안학수. 1963. 한국식물명감. 원학사, p. 261.

이춘령, 안학수. 1965. 한국식물명감. 원학사, p. 261.

Aioi, K., T. Komatsu, and K. Morita. 1998. The world's longest seagrass, Zostera caulescens from northeastern Japan. Aquat. Bot., 6, 87-93.

Albert, E.R. 1986. Fundamentals of Plant Systematics. Haper & Row Pub. Co, New York, 498 p.

Cho, T.H. and S.M. Boo. 1998. Marine flora of Oeyondo Islands on the Yellow Sea, Korea: I. Green algae and seagrass. Algae, 13, 1-11.

Den Hartog, C. 1970. The Sea-Grasses of the World. North-Holland Publication Co., 275 p.

Environment Agency of Japan. 2000. Threatened wildlife of Japan: Red data book, 2nd. ed. Japan Wildlife Research Center, Tokyo. (In Japanese).

Galehouse, J.S. 1971. Sedimentation analysis. In Carver, R.E. (ed)., Procedures in Sedimentary Petrology. Wiley Interscience, 69-74.

Ingram, R.L. 1971. Sieve analysis. In: Procedures in sedimentary petrology. ed. by R.E., Carver, Wiley-Interscience, N.Y., 49-67.

Lee, S.Y. 2001. A study on the ecological and taxonomical characteristics of Zostera (Zosteraceae) in Korea. Ph. D. Thesis, Hanyang Univ., Seoul, 167 p. (In Korean).

Lee, S.Y., C.J. Kwon, T.J. Kim, Y. Suh, and C.I. Choi. 1999. Morphological examination of Zostera asiatica Miki (Zosteraceae) from various habitats. Korean J. Environ, Biol., 17, 503-512. (In Korean).

Lee, S.Y., S.M. Lee, H.G. Jee, and C.I. Choi. 2001a. The distribution and habitation characteristics of Zostera marina L. along the southern coast of Korea. Korean J. Environ. Biol., 19, 313-320. (In Korean).

Lee, S.Y., T.J. Kim, S. Heo, and C.I. Choi. 2001b. Study on the Ecological and taxonomical characteristics of Zostera (Zosteraceae) in Korea. I. Morphological and environmental characteristics of Zostera caepitosa Miki. Korean J. Eol., 23, 149-156. (In Korean).

Lee, S.Y., C.J. Kwon, K.S. Lee, and C.I. Choi. 2002. Distribution of eelgrass, Zostera marima L., on coasts of the Korean Peninsula: Preliminary study for eelgrass restoration. Ocean & Polar Res., 24, 55-61. crossref(new window)

Miki, S. 1932. On seagrass new to Japan. Mag. Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 46, 774-788. crossref(new window)

Miki, S. 1933. On the seagrasses in Japan (1). Zostera and Phyllospadix, with special reference to Morphological and ecological characters. Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 47, 842-862. crossref(new window)

Nakai, T. 1911. Flora Korean II. J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo, 26, 1-573.

Nakaoka, M. and K. Aioi. 2001. Ecology of seagrasses Zostera spp. (Zosteraceae) in Japanese waters: A reivew. Otsuchi Marine Sciences. 26, 7-22.

NORI. 1998. Tide Tables (Coast of Korea). National Oceanographic Institute, Korea, Vol. 508. 263 p. (In Korean).

Omori, Y. 1989. Morphology of the flowering shoot and the leaf of Zostera caulescens Miki and Z. asiatica Miki (Zosteraceae). Sci. Rept. Yokosuka City Mus., 37, 55-56. (In Japanese).

Omori, Y. 1992. Geographical variation of the size of spadix and spathe and the number of flowers among the four species of the subgenus Zostera (Zosteraceae). Sci. Rept. Yokosuka City Mus., 40, 69-74. (In Japanese).

Omori, Y. 1993. Zostera species endemic to Japan. Bul. Water Soc., Japan, 51, 19-25. (In Japanese).

Omori, Y. 1994. Seasonal changes of the reproductive shoot of Zostera caulescens (Zosteraceae) in Sagami Bay, central Japan. Sci. Rept. Yokosuka City Mus., 42, 65-69. (In Japanese).

Omori, Y. 1995. Observations on the growth of erect shoots in Zostera caulescens Miki (Zosteraceae). Sci. Rept. Yokosuka City Mus., 43, 41-45. (In Japanese).

Omori, Y. 1996. Rhizome morphology of the subgenus Zostera (Zosteraceae). Sci. Rept. Yokosuka City Mus., 44, 55-62. (In Japanese).

Omori, Y. and K. Aioi. 2000. Seasonal changes of the erect shoot of Zostera caulescens Miki (Zosteraceae) in Sanriku Kaigan, northern Honshu. Sci. Rep. Yokosuka City Mus., 47, 67-72. (In Japanese).

Shephard, F.P. 1954. Nomenclature based on sand-silt-clay ratio. J. Sed. Pet., 24, 151-158.

Shin, H. and H.K. Choi. 1998. Taxonomy and distribution of Zostera (Zosteraceae) in eastern Asia, with special reference to Korea. Aquat. Bot., 60, 49-66. crossref(new window)

Short, F.T. and S. Wyllie-Echeverria. 1996. Natural and human-induced disturbance in seagrass. Environ. Conser., 23, 17-27. crossref(new window)