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Contamination of Sediments and Histological Alterations in Barfin Plaice Pleuronectes pinnifasciatus from Amursky Bay(Peter the Great Bay, East Sea/Sea of Japan)
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  • Journal title : Ocean and Polar Research
  • Volume 25, Issue 1,  2003, pp.31-40
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • DOI : 10.4217/OPR.2003.25.1.031
 Title & Authors
Contamination of Sediments and Histological Alterations in Barfin Plaice Pleuronectes pinnifasciatus from Amursky Bay(Peter the Great Bay, East Sea/Sea of Japan)
Vaschenko Marina A.; Syasina Iraida G.; Durkina Valentina B.; Zhadan Petr M.;
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 Abstract
In August-September 2001, 15 samples of bottom sediments were collected in the inner, middle and open parts of Amursky Bay near Vladivostok, Russia, and barfin plaice Pleuronectes pinnifasciatus was sampled from the inner and the middle locations of the bay. In the sediments from all three sites elevated concentrations of several heavy metals, i.e. Zn ( dry weight), Ni and Cu were discovered. The contents of oil hydrocarbons were very close to or slightly higher than the maximal normal environmental background level, dry weight. The sediments contained negligible amounts of hexachlorocyclohexane, while DDT concentrations were quite high (1.7-16.3ng/g dry weight). Generally, there were no substantial differences in the pollution levels of the locations studied and our results resembled those reported for Amursky Bay in the 1990s. Surprisingly, in 2001 `fiesh` DDT comprised 70-85% of the total DDT content in sediment from all the locations studied. In fish liver total DDTs concentrations were 212.8 and 122.54 ng/g wet weight for the inner and the middle locations, respectively, and `fresh` DDT comprised 35 and 64% of DDTs, respectively. These results provide evidence of recent input of DDT from an unknown source into the ecosystem of Amursky Bay. Histopathological changes revealed in the plaice liver (vacuolization of hepatocytes, coagulative necrosis of hepatocytes, inflammatory reaction, and necrosis of epithelial cells of bile ducts) are probably connected with an intensive metabolism of DDT in the fish organism. No histological and histomorphometric differences were found in the state of the interrenal tissue. Similar condition of the liver and the interrenal tissue in barfin plaice sampled from the inner and the middle locations of Amursky Bay may be explained by the absence of great differences in the pollution levels of these sites.
 Keywords
chlorinated pesticides;DDT;hexachlorocyclohexane;heavy metals; monitoring;fish histopathology;liver;interrenal tissue;
 Language
English
 Cited by
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2.
Assessment of the contamination level of bottom sediments of Amursky Bay (Sea of Japan) and their potential toxicity, Russian Journal of Marine Biology, 2010, 36, 5, 359  crossref(new windwow)
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Morphology of spermatogenic and accessory cells in the mussel Modiolus kurilensis under environmental pollution, Marine Environmental Research, 2010, 70, 2, 171  crossref(new windwow)
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NADPH-diaphorase activity in the central nervous system of the Gray mussel Crenomytilus grayanus (Dunker) under stress conditions: A histochemical study, Marine Environmental Research, 2008, 66, 2, 249  crossref(new windwow)
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Abnormal oogenesis in barfin plaice Pleuronectes pinnifasciatus from the Amursky Bay of the Sea of Japan, Biology Bulletin, 2007, 34, 5, 492  crossref(new windwow)
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The state of the interrenal gland in plaices Pleuronectes pinnifasciatus and P. obscurus from two stations in Amurskii Bay (Sea of Japan), Journal of Ichthyology, 2006, 46, 2, 195  crossref(new windwow)
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