JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Classification of Deep-sen Sediment by Geotechnical Properties from the KODOS Area in the C-C Zone of the Northeast Equatorial Pacific
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Ocean and Polar Research
  • Volume 25, Issue 4,  2003, pp.529-543
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • DOI : 10.4217/OPR.2003.25.4.529
 Title & Authors
Classification of Deep-sen Sediment by Geotechnical Properties from the KODOS Area in the C-C Zone of the Northeast Equatorial Pacific
Chi, Sang-Bum; Hyeong, Ki-Seong; Kim, Jong-Uk; Kim, Hyun-Sub; Lee, Gun-Chang; Son, Seung-Kyu;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Deep-sea surface sediments, acquired from 1997 to 2002 in the Clarion-Clipperton fracture zone of the northeast equatorial Pacific, were analyzed for index and geotechnical properties to provide background information for the design of manganese nodule minor. The sediments were classified into 16 types based on the measured properties and evaluated in terms of miner maneuverabillity and potential environmental impacts arising from mining activities. It was found that the middle part of the study area covered with coarse siliceous sediments is more favorable to the commercial production than the northern part of pelagic red clay. In particular, Area B2 in the middle part is considered the best mining site since it shows the highest abundance as well as it consists mostly of normally to over consolidated (types B, C, D) coarse siliceous sediments that are appropriate for effective minor movement and accompany weak environmental impacts. Taking account of all the analyzed core logs, the average shear-strength values are proposed as a practical guideline fur movements of a manganese nodule miner: 6.0 kPa at 10cm and 7.0kPa at 40cm below the seabed.
 Keywords
deep-sea sediment;geotechnical properties;deep-sea mining;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
북동 태평양 심해저 C-C 해역의 퇴적 환경과 대형저서동물 분포와의 관계,박흥식;지상범;백상규;김웅서;

Ocean and Polar Research, 2004. vol.26. 2, pp.311-321 crossref(new window)
2.
북동태평양 대한민국 광구 KR5 지역 표층퇴적물의 물리적 특성,이현복;지상범;형기성;박정기;김기현;오재경;

Ocean and Polar Research, 2006. vol.28. 4, pp.475-484 crossref(new window)
3.
KODOS 남쪽광구에서 자유낙하식 채취기로 채취된 망간단괴 부존률 평가를 위한 보정상수 검증,이현복;고영탁;김종욱;지상범;김원년;

자원환경지질, 2011. vol.44. 6, pp.475-483 crossref(new window)
4.
북동 태평양 KR1 광구의 망간단괴 산출특성,김원년;양승진;지상범;이현복;

Ocean and Polar Research, 2014. vol.36. 4, pp.373-381 crossref(new window)
5.
지자기 방향변화 및 베릴륨 동위원소비를 이용한 북동 적도 태평양 주상시료의 층서확립,김원년;형기성;공기수;

Ocean and Polar Research, 2014. vol.36. 4, pp.395-405 crossref(new window)
1.
A smart calibration model on track’s pressure-sinkage characteristic of a tracked vehicle moving on soft seabed sediments, Journal of Central South University, 2013, 20, 4, 911  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Stratigraphy of a Sediment Core Collected from the NE Equatorial Pacific Using Reversal Patterns of Geomagnetic Field and Be Isotope Ratio, Ocean and Polar Research, 2014, 36, 4, 395  crossref(new windwow)
3.
Evaluation of Correction Parameter for the Free-fall Grab Based Mn Nodule Abundance in the Southern Sector of the KODOS, Economic and Environmental Geology, 2011, 44, 6, 475  crossref(new windwow)
4.
Responses of Benthic Animals in Spatial Distribution to the Sedimentary Environments on the Deep-sea Floor, the Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone, Northeastern Pacific Ocean, Ocean and Polar Research, 2004, 26, 2, 311  crossref(new windwow)
5.
Control of Manganese Nodule Characteristics by Volcanic Activity in the NE Equatorial Pacific, Ocean and Polar Research, 2014, 36, 4, 373  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
박숭현, 정회수, 박찬영, 이경용, 김기현. 1999. 한국심해환경연구(KODES) 지역 표층퇴적물 중 속성작용에 의한금속의 분화. 한국해양학회지, 3, 215-225.

2.
이희준. 1991. 한국 주변해역 퇴적물의 지질공학적 성질과 퇴적작용과의 관계. 서울대학교 대학원 박사학위 논문, 291 P.

3.
지상범. 1994. 북적도 태평양 심해저 퇴적물과 망간단괴의 지질공학걱 특성 및 음향특성. 인하대학교 석사학위논문, 85 P.

4.
지상범, 김기현, 문재운, 이경용, 손승규, 오재경. 2000. 북동태평양 KODOS 지역 심해저 퇴적물의 지질공학적 특성. 한국해양학회지, 5, 320-334.

5.
지상범, 오재경, 이현복, 김기현. 2003. 북동태평양 클라리온-클리퍼톤 지역 심해저 표층 퇴적물의 지역적 지질공학적 특성 연구. Ocean Palar Res., 25(2), 133-145. crossref(new window)

6.
최종수, 홍 섭, 김형우, 이태희. 2003. 해저연약지반 주행성능실험기법연구 (II) 직진주행성능시험. 한국해양공학회 춘계학술대회 논문집, p, 116-120.

7.
해양수산부. 1998. 심해저 광물자원 탐사 보고서(I). 해양수산부 보고서, BSPM98001-01-1117-7, 1209 P.

8.
Almagor, G. 1982. Marine geotechnical studies at continental margins: a review - Part I. Applied Ocean Res., 4, 92-98.

9.
Baltzer, A., P. Cochonat, and D.J.W. Piper. 1994. In situ geotechnical characterization of sediments on the Nova Scotian Slope, eastern Canadian continental margin. Mar.Geol., 120, 291-308. crossref(new window)

10.
Baraza, J., G. Ercilla, and H.J. Lee. 1992. Geotechnical properties and preliminary assessment of sediment stability on the continental slope of the Northwestern Alboran Sea. Geo-Mar. Lett., 12, 150-156.

11.
Becker H.J., B. Grupe, H.U. Oebius, and F. Liu. 2001. The behaviour of deep-sea sediments under the impact of nodule mining processes. Deep-Sea Res., 48, 3609-3627. crossref(new window)

12.
Bennett, R.H., G.L. Freeland, D.N. Lambert, W.B. Sawyer, and G.H. Keller. 1980.Geotechnical properties of surficial sediments in a mega-corridor: U.S. Atlantic continental slope, rise, and deep-sea basin. Mar. Geol., 38, 123-140. crossref(new window)

13.
Chautru, J.M., Y. Morel, and G. Herrouim. 1987. Geostatistical simulation of a commercial polymetallic nodule mining site. APCOM 87. p. 177-185. In: Proc. Twenteth Int. Symp. on the Application of Computer and Mathematics in the Mineral Industries. V.3: Geostastics. Johannesbuurg, SAIMM.

14.
Cochonat, P., J.F. Bourillet, B. Savoye, and L. Dodd. 1993. Geotechnical characteristics and instability of submarine slope sediments, the Nice Slope(N-W MediterraneanSea). Mar. Geol. Geotech., 11, 131-151. crossref(new window)

15.
Dorfler, G. 1992. Drawbar pull of a tracked vehicle on deep sea soil. p. 102-110. In: ISTVS, Proc. 4th Regional North American Meeting, Sacramento, CA, March 25-27.

16.
Feung, L., H.U. Oebius, B. Grupe, and H.J. Becker. 1997. Basic research on characteristics of deep-sea sediment clouds produced by marine mining. p. 109-126. In: Int. Symp. Environmental Studies for Deep-Sea Mining Proc. Japan.

17.
Folk, R.L. 1968. Petrology of Sedimentary Rocks. Hemphills’ Pub. Co., Austin, Taxas, 170 p.

18.
Grupe, B., P. Halbach, M. Gronenberg, and H.U. Oebius. 1994. Bodenmechanische Eigenschaften von Tiefseesedimenten in Maganknollen-Feldern als Funktion des sedimentpetrographischen Aufbaus. Technische Universitat Berin, VWS, Eigenverlag, Germany.

19.
Grupe, B., H.J. Becker, and H.U. Oebius. 2001. Geotechnical and sedimentological investigations of deep-sea sediments from a manganese nodule field of the Peru Basin. Deep- Sea Res. II, 48, 3593-3608. crossref(new window)

20.
Hagerty, R. 1974. Usefulness of spade cores for geotechnical studies and some results from the northeast Pacific. p. 169-186. In: Deep-Sea sediments: physical and mechanical properties. ed. by A.L. Inderbitzen, Plenum Press, New York.

21.
Hirst, T.J. and A.F. Richirds. 1975. Analysis of deep-sea nodule mining - seafloor interaction, Offshore Technol. Conf., No. OTC 2241, Dallas.

22.
Horn, D.R., B.M. Horn, and M.N. Delach. 1973. Copper and Nickel content of ocean ferromanganese deposits and their relation to properties of the substrate. p. 77-83. In: The Origin and distribution of manganese nodules in the Pacific and prospects for exploration. ed. by M. Morgenstein, Hawaii Inst. Geophysics, Honolulu.

23.
IFREMER. 1989. Evaluation et etude des moyens necessaires a l'exploitation des nodules polymetalliques, Rapport final, TOME I, pp. 1/1-5/10, unpublished.

24.
Inderbitzen, A.L. 1970. Empirical relationships between mass physical properties for recent marine sediments off Southern California. Mar. Geol., 9, 311-329. crossref(new window)

25.
Keller, G.H. and Y. Yincan. 1985. Geotechnical properties of surface and near-surface deposits in the East China Sea. Cont. Shelf Res., 4, 159-174. crossref(new window)

26.
Lambert, D.N, P.J. Valent, M.D. Richardson, and G.F. Merrill.1985. Spatial variability in selected geotechnical property measurements from three sedimentary provinces in the Venezuela Basin. Mar. Geol., 68, 107-123. crossref(new window)

27.
Lavelle J.W., E. Ozturgut, S.A. Swift, and B.H. Erickson. 1981. Dispersal and resedimentation of the benthic plume from deep-sea mining operations: A model with calibration. Mar. Mining, 3, 59-93.

28.
Lee, H.J. and J.E. Clausner. 1979. Seafloor soil sampling and geotechnical parameter determination-handbook, Technical Report Civil Engineering Laboratory, Naval Construction Battalion Center, Port Hueneme, California, 121 p

29.
Lee, H.J., S.K. Chough, K.S. Jeong, and S.J. Han. 1987. Geotechnical properties of sediment cores from Southeastern Yellow Sea: Effects of depositional process. Mar.Geotechnol. 7, 37-52. crossref(new window)

30.
Moore, D.G. 1962. Bearing strength and other physical properties of some shallow and deep-sea sediments from the North Pacific. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 73, 1163-1166. crossref(new window)

31.
Muller, P.J. and A. Mangaini. 1980. Organic carbon decomposition rates in sediments of the Pacific manganese nodule belt dated by Th-230 and Pa-231. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 51, 94-114. crossref(new window)

32.
Noorany, I. and T. Fuller. 1982. Soil-machine interaction studies for manganese nodule mining. p. 445-456. In: OTC 4261, Offshore Technol. Conf. Proc.

33.
Oebius, H.U. 1998. Deep-sea mining and its environmental consequences. Technische Universitat Berlin, VWS, Eignverlag, Germany. 136 p.

34.
Oebius, H.U., H.J. Becker, S. Rolinski, and J.A. Jankowski. 2001. Parametrization and evaluation of marine environmental impacts produced by deep-sea manganese nodule mining. Deep-Sea Res. II, 48, 3453-3467. crossref(new window)

35.
Piper, D.Z., H.E. Cook, and J.V. Gardner. 1979. Lithic and acoustic stratigrapfy of the equatorial north Pacific: DOMES sites A, B, and C. p. 309-348. In: Marine Geology and Oceanography of the Pacific Manganese Nodule Province. ed. by Bischoff, J.L. and D.Z. Piper, Plenum Press, New York.

36.
Richards, A.F. 1978. Marine geotechnical data for North Pacific sediment: USGS open file report series. 78-231.

37.
Richards, A.F. and R.C. Chaney. 1981. Present and future geotechnical research needs in deep ocean mining. Mar.Mining, 2, 315-337.

38.
Shepard, F.P. 1954. Nomenclature based on sand-silt-clay ratios. J. Sed. Petrol., 24, 151-158.

39.
THETIS. 1992. The environmental impact of deep sea mining, section I. Nodules and environment. ed. by Amann, H., 283 p.

40.
Tisort, J.P. 1981. Analysis of physical and mechanical properties of deep-sea sediments from potential manganese nodule mining areas in the north central Pacific. p. 139-146. In: OTC 4132, Offshore Technol. Conf. Proc.

41.
Tsurusaki K., T. Yamazaki, and K. Handa. 1994. Geotechnical properties of deep-sea sediments and manganese nodules in the Penrhyn Basin, South Pacific. p. 225-240. In: Marine Geology, Geophysics and Manganese Nodule Deposits in the Penrhyn Basin, South Pacific. ed. by Usui A., Geological Survey of Japan Cruise Report No. 23.

42.
USGS. 1977. Deep ocean environmental study: geology and geochemistry of DOMES sites A, B, and C, equatorial north Pacific. open file report 77-778. 527 p.