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Functioning of the Geoecosystem for the West Side of Admiralty Bay (King George Island, Antarctica): Outline of Research at Arctowski Station
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  • Journal title : Ocean and Polar Research
  • Volume 25, Issue 4,  2003, pp.653-662
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • DOI : 10.4217/OPR.2003.25.4.653
 Title & Authors
Functioning of the Geoecosystem for the West Side of Admiralty Bay (King George Island, Antarctica): Outline of Research at Arctowski Station
Rakusa-Suszczewski, Stanislaw;
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 Abstract
Changes in the area of geo-ecosystem reflect climatic changes in the South Shetland Islands. Air temperature and deglaciation will increase. The ice-free space area at the SSSS 8- (ASPA 121) site has enlarged threefold during the last 21 years, thus creating conditions for inhabitation and succession. Wind, water and snow play important roles in transportation of geochemical components. They distribute nutrients, mineral substances, seeds, fragments of plants and animals, etc. Plant and animal colonization is patchy and it happens at random in an `island` - like manner. The colonization pattern is dependant, to a high degree on physical factors. The newly uncovered ice-free areas are at first inhabited by a vascular plant known as the Deschampsia antarctica. The border of the land-oasis with Admiralty Bay is the place where the processes related to animal feeding at the sea and reproduction on the land take place. Bird colonies and pinniped lairs form centers of fertilization surrounded by high chemical gradients dependent on the direction of the flow of nutrients . During the last 25 years, the numbers of penguins in this region have decreased, and thus the amount of materials excreted on land has diminished. The numbers of fur seals change in multi-annual cycles, and their migration into this area is related to the E1 phenomenon. The numbers of elephant seals in the area did not change. Organic matter deposited by the sea onto the shore are a source of nutrients and deficient chemical elements on land. Mineral matter is washed out into the waters of Admiralty Bay. These processes change seasonally, and multi annually. Negative effects on the environment at Arctowski Station induced by man are slight, but noticeable nevertheless. Physical processes have the largest influence on the living conditions and distribution of plants and animals, and as a consequence, on the functioning of the geo-ecosystem in the coastal-shore zone of the Maritime Antarctic.
 Keywords
meteo-hydrographical conditions;flora;fauna;global and local changes;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Tufted Hairgrass (Deschampsia caespitosa) Exhibits a Lower Photosynthetic Plasticity than Antarctic Hairgrass (D. antarctica), Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, 2009, 51, 6, 593  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Seabird colony effects on soil properties and vegetation zonation patterns on King George Island, Maritime Antarctic, Polar Biology, 2015, 38, 10, 1645  crossref(new windwow)
3.
Limnological characterization of freshwater systems of the Thomas Point Oasis (Admiralty Bay, King George Island, West Antarctica), Polar Science, 2010, 4, 3, 457  crossref(new windwow)
4.
Development of Antarctic herb tundra vegetation near Arctowski station, King George Island, Polar Science, 2010, 3, 4, 254  crossref(new windwow)
5.
Impact of climate change on zooplankton communities, seabird populations and arctic terrestrial ecosystem—A scenario, Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 2007, 54, 23-26, 2934  crossref(new windwow)
6.
The Presence of Nitrates and the Impact of Ultraviolet Radiation as Factors that Determine Nitrate Reductase Activity and Nitrogen Concentrations in Deschampsia antarctica Desv. Around Penguin Rookeries on King George Island, Maritime Antarctica, Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 2013, 224, 5  crossref(new windwow)
7.
Are Deschampsia antarctica Desv. and Colobanthus quitensis (Kunth) Bartl. Migratory relicts?, Cytology and Genetics, 2007, 41, 4, 226  crossref(new windwow)
8.
Short-term mass changes and retreat of the Ecology and Sphinx glacier system, King George Island, Antarctic Peninsula, Antarctic Science, 2015, 27, 05, 500  crossref(new windwow)
9.
From sea to land: assessment of the bio-transport of phosphorus by penguins in Antarctica, Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 2014, 32, 1, 148  crossref(new windwow)
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