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Metal Concentrations in some Brown Seaweeds from Kongsfjorden on Spitsbergen, Svalbard Islands
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  • Journal title : Ocean and Polar Research
  • Volume 26, Issue 2,  2004, pp.121-132
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • DOI : 10.4217/OPR.2004.26.2.121
 Title & Authors
Metal Concentrations in some Brown Seaweeds from Kongsfjorden on Spitsbergen, Svalbard Islands
Ahn, In-Young; Choi, Hee-Seon; Ji, Jung-Youn; Chung, Ho-Sung; Kim, Ji-Hee;
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Concentrations of Al, As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, Zn were determined in four arctic brown algae (Laminaria saccharina, L. digitata, Alaria esculenta, Desmarestia aculeata) in an attempt to examine for their metal accumulation capacity and also to assess their contamination levels. Macroalgae were collected from shallow subtidal waters (<20m) of Kongsfjorden (Kings Bay) on Spitsbergen during the period of the late July to early August 2003. Metal concentrations highly varied between sampling sites, species and tissue parts. Input of melt-water laden with terrigenous sediment particles seemed to have a large influence on baseline accumulations of some metals (Al, Fe, Mn, Pb etc.) in the macroalgae, causing a significant spatial variation. There were also significant concentration differences between the young and old tissue parts in L. saccharina, L. digitata and A. esculenta. While Al, Fe, Mn, Pb were higher in the perennial parts (stipes and holdfast below meristematic region), Cd and As concentrations were significantly higher in the young blades above the meristematic region. Zn and Cr, on the other hand, showed little differences between the tissue parts. The highest metal concentrations were found in D. aculeata, which seems to be due to its filamentous fine branches leading to high surface/volume ratios. The lowest concentrations were found in the two Laminaria spp., the blades of which are thicker than D. aculeata and A. esculenta. No distinct signs of contamination were detected in the brown algal species analyzed. Added to this, the results of the present studies suggest the potential utility of L. saccharina, L. digitata and A. esculenta as biomonitors for metal pollution monitoring in this area.
brown seaweeds;Arctic;Svalbard;heavy metals;Kongsfjorden;
 Cited by
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