Hydrographic Structure Along 131.5°W in the Eastern Tropical Pacific in July 2003

• Journal title : Ocean and Polar Research
• Volume 26, Issue 2,  2004, pp.299-309
• Publisher : Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
• DOI : 10.4217/OPR.2004.26.2.299
Title & Authors
Hydrographic Structure Along 131.5°W in the Eastern Tropical Pacific in July 2003
Chang, Kyung-Il; Hwang, Sang-Chul; Hong, Chang-Su;

Abstract
Conductivity-temperature-depth (CTD) data obtained along a meridional section in the eastern tropical Pacific in July 2003 have been analyzed to identify various water masses, and to examine the hydrographic structure and zonal geostrophic currents in the upper 1000 m. Water mass analysis shows the existence of subtropical and intermediate waters, characterized by layers of subsurface salinity maximum and minimum, originating from both hemispheres of the Pacific. Vertical section of temperature in the upper 200 m shows the typical trough-ridge structure associated with the zonal current system for most of the tropical Pacific. Water with the lowest salinity of less than 33.6 was found in the upper 30 m between $\small{8.5^{\circ}N}$ and $\small{10.5^{\circ}N}$ in a boundary zone between the North Equatorial Current and North Equatorial Countercurrent. Temporal changes in water properties observed at $\small{10.5^{\circ}N}$ over a period of 9 days suggest both the local rainfall and horizontal advection is responsible for the presence of the low-salinity water. Development of a barrier layer was also observed at $\small{10.5^{\circ}N}$. In the North Equatorial Current region a local upwelling was observed at $\small{15^{\circ}N}$, which brings high salinity and cooler subtropical water to the sea surface. A band of countercurrent occurs in the upwelling region between $\small{13^{\circ}N}$ and $\small{15^{\circ}N}$
Keywords
hydrography;geostrophic zonal flows;eastern tropical Pacific;water masses;short-term variation;
Language
English
Cited by
1.
2006년과 2007년 여름에 관측한 Hawaii-Chuuk 사이의 물리특성,신창웅;김동국;전동철;김응;

Ocean and Polar Research, 2011. vol.33. spc3, pp.371-383
1.
Physical Oceanographic Characteristics between Hawaii and Chuuk Observed in Summer of 2006 and 2007, Ocean and Polar Research, 2011, 33, spc3, 371
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