Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Holocene Variations of Organic Carbon Contents in Lake Langer of King George Island, South Shetland Islands, West Antarctica
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Ocean and Polar Research
  • Volume 26, Issue 3,  2004, pp.507-514
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • DOI : 10.4217/OPR.2004.26.3.507
 Title & Authors
Holocene Variations of Organic Carbon Contents in Lake Langer of King George Island, South Shetland Islands, West Antarctica
Khim, Boo-Keun; Yoon, Ho-Il; Kang, Cheon-Yun; Zhao, Junlin;
  PDF(new window)
A sediment core drilled from Lake langer on King George Island was analyzed for a variety of textural md geochemical properties along with age dates. These data were combined with published records of other cores to provide a detailed history of Holocene variation of total organic carbon (TOC) contents with respect to terrestrial paleoclimate change. The lithologic contrast of the lower diamicton and upper fine-grained sediments shows the glacier activity and subsequent lake formation. Low TOC contents fluctuated during the diamicton deposition whereas the increase of TOC began with the lake formation during the postglacial period that started about 5,000 yr B.p More notable are the distinct TOC peaks that may imply enhanced primary productivity during the warm period. The uniform and low TOC contents may reflect the limited productivity during the evolution of the lake. However, the recent TOC readvance clearly indicates gradual warming on King George Island. However, the paleoclimatic signature in the terrestrial lake environment during the Holocene seems to be subtle and less distinct, compared to the marine environment.
organic carbon;lake sediment;paleoclimate;Antarctic;
 Cited by
Andrews, J.T., E.W. Domack, W.L. Cunningham, A. Leventer, K.J. Licht, A.J.T. Jull, D.J. DeMaster, and A. Jenning. 1999. Problems and possible solutions concerning radiocarbon dating of surface marine sediments, Ross Sea, Antarctic. Quat. Res., 52, 206-216. crossref(new window)

Berkman, P.A. and S.L. Forman. 1996. Pre-bomb radiocarbon and the reservoir correction for calcareous marine species in the Southern Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 363-366. crossref(new window)

Birnie, J. 1990. Holocene environmental change in South Georgia: evidence from lake sediments. J. Quat. Sci., 5, 171-187. crossref(new window)

Björck, S., C. Hjort, O. Ingólfsson, and G. Skog. 1991. Radiocarbon dates from the Antarctic Peninsula problems and potential. p. 55-65. In: Radiocarbon dating: Recent applications and future potential. eds. by J.J. Lowe, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Bjorck, S., H. Håkansson, S. Olsson, L. Barnekow, and J. Janssens. 1993. Paleoclimatic studies in South Shetland Islands, Antarctica, based on numerous stratigraphic variables in lake sediments. J. Paleolimnol., 8, 233-272.

Björck, S., S. Olsson, C. Ellis-Evans, H. Håkansson, O. Humlum, and J.M. de Lirio. 1996. Late Holocene palaeoclimatic records from lake sediments on James Ross Island, Antarctica. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol., 121, 195-220. crossref(new window)

Clapperton, C.M. and D.E. Sugden. 1982. Late Quaternary glacial history of George VI Sound area, West Antarctica. Quat. Res., 18, 243-267. crossref(new window)

Domack, E.W. 1992. Modern carbon-14 ages and reservoir corrections for the Antarctic Peninsula and Gerlache Strait area. Antarct. J. United States, 27, 63-64.

Domack, E.W. and C.E. McClennen. 1996. Accumulation of glacial marine sediments in fjords of the Antarctic Peninsula and their use as Late Holocene palaeoenvironmental indicators. Antarct. Res. Ser., 70, 135-154. crossref(new window)

Domack, E.W., A. Leventer, R. Dunbar, F. Taylor, S. Brachfeld, C. Sjunneskog, and ODP Leg 178 Scientific Party. 2000. Chronology of the Palmer Deep site, Antarctic Peninsula: a Holocene palaeoenvironmental reference for the circum-Antarctic. The Holocene, 11, 1-9.

Domack, E.W., A.J.T. Jull, J.B. Anderson, T.W. Linick, and C.R. Williams. 1989. Application of tandem accelerator mass spectrometer dating to late Pleistocene-Holocene sediments of the East Antarctic continental shelf. Quat. Res., 31, 277-297. crossref(new window)

Domack, E.W., S.E. Ishman, A.B. Stein, C.E. McClennen, and A.S.T. Jull. 1995. Late Holocene advance of the Muller Ice shelf, Antarctic Peninsula: Sedimentologic, geochemical, and paleontological evidence. Antarct. Sci., 7, 159-170.

Fulford-Smith, S. and E.L. Sikes. 1996. The evolution of Ace Lake, Antarctica, determined from sedimentary diatom assemblages. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol., 124, 73-86. crossref(new window)

Gordon, J.E. and D.E. Harkness. 1992. Magnitude and geographic variation of the radiocarbon content in Antarctic marine life: Implications for reservoir corrections in radiocarbon dating. Quat. Sci. Rev., 11, 697-708. crossref(new window)

Harden, S.L., D.J. DeMaster, and C.A. Nittrouer. 1992. Developing sediment geochronologies for high-latitude continental shelf deposits: A radiochemical approach. Mar. Geol., 103, 69-97. crossref(new window)

Holdgate, M.W. 1977. The terrestrial ecosystem in the Antarctic in Scientific Research in Antarctica. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London, B279, 5-25.

Ingolfsson, O., C. Hjort, P. Berkman, S. Bjorck, E.A. Colhoun, I.D. Goodwin, B.L. Hall, K. Hirakawa, M. Melles, P. Moller, and M.L. Prentice. 1998. Antarctic glacial history since the last glacial maximum: An overview of the record on land. Antarct. Sci., 10, 326-344.

John, B.S. 1972. Evidence from the South Shetland Islands towards a glacial history of West Antarctica. p. 75-92. In: Polar geomorphology. eds. By D.E. Sugden and R.J. Price. Institute of British Geographers.

Jones, V.J., D.A. Hodgson, and A. Chepstwo-Lusty. 2000. Palaeolimnological evidence for marked Holocene environmental changes on Signy Island, Antarctica. The Holocene, 10, 43-60. crossref(new window)

Karlin, R. 1990. Magnetite diagenesis in marine sediments from the Oregon continental margin. J. Geophys. Res., 95, 4405-4419. crossref(new window)

Kemp, A.L., H. Thomas, and M.L. Johnston. 1977. Nitrogen and C/N ratios in the sediments of Lakes Superior, Huron, St. Clair, Erie, and Ontario. Can. J. Earth Sci., 14, 2402-2413. crossref(new window)

Khim, B.K., H.I. Yoon, C.Y. Kang, and J.J. Bahk. 2002. Unstable climate oscillations during the Late Holocene in the eastern Bransfield Basin, Antarctic Peninsula. Quat. Res., 58, 234-245. crossref(new window)

Khim, B.K., H.I. Yoon, Y. Kim, and I.C. Shin. 2001. Late Holocene stable isotope chronology and meltwater discharge event in Maxwell and Admiralty bays, King George Island, Antarctica. Antarct. Sci., 13, 167-173.

Khim, B.K., H.I. Yoon, Y. Kim, and K.C. Yoo. 1999. Magnetostratigraphy and paleoproductivity of Late Holocene marine sediments in the eastern Bransfield Basin, Ant arctic Peninsula. Korean J. Polar Res., 10, 77-83.

Kirby, M.E., E.W. Domack, and C.E. McClennen. 1998. Magnetic stratigraphy and sedimentology of Holocene glacial marine deposits in the Palmer Deep, Bellingshausen Sea, Antarctica: implications for climate change? Mar. Geol., 152, 247-259. crossref(new window)

Leventer, A., R.B. Dunbar, and D.J. DeMaster. 1993. Diatom evidence for late Holocene climatic events in Granite Harbor, Antarctica. Paleoceanography, 8, 373-386. crossref(new window)

Mausbacher, R., J. Muller, M. Munnich, and R. Schmidt. 1989. Evolution of postglacial sedimentation in Antarctic lakes (King George Island). Z. Geomorph., 33, 219-234.

Roberts, D., T.D. van Ommen, A. McMinn, V. Morgan, and J.L. Roberts. 2001. Late-Holocene East Antarctic climate trends from ice-core and lake-sediment proxies. The Holocene, 11, 117-120. crossref(new window)

Schmidt, R., R. Mausbacher, and J. Muller. 1990. Holocene diatom flora and stratigraphy from sediment cores of two Antarctic lakes (King George Island). J. Paleolimnol., 3, 55-74.

Shevenell, A.E., E.W. Domack, and G.M. Kernan. 1996. Record of Holocene paleoclimate change along the Antarctic Peninsula: evidence from glacial marine sediments, Lallenmand Fjord. Papers and Proc. Royal Soc. Tasmania, 130, 55-64.

Stevenson, F.J. and C.N. Cheng. 1972. Organic geochemistry of the Argentine Basin sediments: Carbon-nitrogen relationships and Quaternary correlations. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 36, 653-671. crossref(new window)

Sudgen, D.E. and C.M. Clapperton. 1986. Glacial history of the Antarctic Peninsula and South Georgia. South African J. Sci., 82, 508-509.

Taylor, F., J. Whitehead, and E. Domack. 2001. Holocene paleoclimate change in the Antarctic Peninsula: Evidence from the diatom, sedimentary and geochemical record. Mar. Micropaleontol., 41, 25-43. crossref(new window)

Thompson, R. and F. Oldfield. 1986. Environmental magnetism. Allen & Unwin, London.

Yang, S. and D.M. Harwood. 1997. Late Quaternary environmental fluctuations based on diatoms from Yanou Lake, King George Island, Fildes Peninsula, Antarctica. p. 853-859. In: The Antarctic region: Geological evolution and processes. ed. by C.A. Ricci. Terra Antarctica Publication, Siena.

Yoon, H.I., B.K. Park, Y. Kim, and D. Kim. 2000. Glaciomarine sedimentation and its paleoceanographic implications along the fjord margins in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica during the last 6000 years. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol., 157, 189-211. crossref(new window)