JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Spatial Variability in Distribution, Abundance and Species Composition of the Subtidal Macronlgal Assemblages Found Along the Geumo Archipelago in the Central South Sea of Korea
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Ocean and Polar Research
  • Volume 26, Issue 4,  2004, pp.543-550
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • DOI : 10.4217/OPR.2004.26.4.543
 Title & Authors
Spatial Variability in Distribution, Abundance and Species Composition of the Subtidal Macronlgal Assemblages Found Along the Geumo Archipelago in the Central South Sea of Korea
Kang, Rae-Seon; Lee, Hak-Chul; Oh, Sung-Yong; Kim, Min-Suk; Hong, Kyung-Pyo; Kim, Jong-Man;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Dense macroalgal assemblages are a common feature of the rocky subtidal habitats along the coast of Geumo Archipelago in the central South Sea of Korea, but are highly variable in space. This study addresses two questions concerning the algal assemblages: (1) how variable the distribution, abundance and species composition of the assemblages are in space, and (2) how closely the distribution, abundance and species composition of the assemblages are correlated to the spatial variation in abiotic factors. To answer these questions, we investigated 30 sites along the coast in autumn of 2003. The nonmetric multidimensional scaling analysis showed that there were strong differences in the composition and abundance of species in the assemblages among the sites. The similarity among the sites based on presence/absence data was approximately 51%, whereas the similarity based on abundance data was less than 37%, suggesting that the abundance of species contributed much to these differences. There were also strong differences in the number of species, abundance and vertical distribution of the assemblages along the coast. Multiple regression analyses revealed that the number of species, abundance and vertical distribution of the assemblages had a positive relationship with water depth, but less than 58% of total variation in these variables was explained by this abiotic factor. The results suggest that spatial (between habitats) variation is an important and consistent component of subtidal algal assemblages in Geumo Archipelago and should be explained before any differences between localities are assessed.
 Keywords
macroalgal assemblages;subtidal;spatial variation;abiotic factors;water depth;South Sea;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Arakawa, H. and K. Matsuike. 1990. Influence on sedimentation velocity of brown algae zoospores and their base-plate insertion exerted by suspended matters. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish., 56, 1741-1748. crossref(new window)

2.
Arakawa, H. and K. Matsuike. 1992. Influence on insertion of zoospores, germination, survival, and maturation of gametophytes of brown algae exerted by sediments. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish., 58, 619-625. crossref(new window)

3.
Booth, J.G., R.L. Miller, B.A. Mckee, and R.A. Leathers. 2000. Wind-induced bottom sediment resuspension in a microtidal coastal environment. Cont. Shelf Res., 20, 785-806. crossref(new window)

4.
Chapman, M.G., A.J. Underwood, and G.A. Skilleter. 1995. Variability at different spatial scales between a subtidal assemblage exposed to the discharge of sewage and two control locations. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 189, 103-122. crossref(new window)

5.
Chung, H.S., H.J. Lee, and I.K. Lee. 1991. Vertical distribution of marine algae on Gallam rocky shore of the mid-east coast of Korea. Kor. J. Phycol., 6, 55-67.

6.
Coleman, M.A. 2002. Small-scale spatial variability in intertidal and subtidal turfing algal assemblages and the temporal generality of these patterns. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 267, 53-74. crossref(new window)

7.
Dayton, P.K., V. Currie, T. Gerrodette, B.D. Leller, R. Rosenthal, and D. Ven Tresca. 1984. Patch dynamics and stability of some California kelp communities. Ecol. Monogr., 54, 253-289. crossref(new window)

8.
Devinny, J.S. and L.A. Volse. 1978. Effects of sediments on the development of Macrocystis pyrifera Gametophytes. Mar. Biol., 48, 343-348. crossref(new window)

9.
Deysher, L. and T.A. Norton. 1982. Dispersal and colonization in Sargassum muticum (Yendo) Fensholt. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 56, 179-195. crossref(new window)

10.
Diehl, S. 2002. Phytoplankton, light, and nutrients in a gradient of mixing depths: Theory. Ecology, 83, 386-398. crossref(new window)

11.
Druehl, L. 2000. Pacific Seaweeds: A Guide to Common Sea-weeds of the West Coast. Harbour Publishing, British Columbia. 190pp.

12.
Foster, M.S., A.P. De Vogelaere, C. Harrold, J.S. Pearse, and A.B. Thum. 1988. Causes of spatial and temporal patterns in rocky intertidal communities of central and northern California. Mem. Calif. Acad. Sci., 9, 3-13.

13.
Foster, M.S. 1990. Organization of macroalgal assemblages in the Northeast Pacific: the assumption of homogeneity and the illusion of generality. Hydrobiologia, 192, 21-34. crossref(new window)

14.
Kain, J.M. 1979. A view of the genus Laminaria. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Annu. Rev., 17, 101-161.

15.
Kang, R.S., J.G. Je, and C.H. Sohn. 1993. Summer algal communities in the rocky shore of South Sea of Korea. Bull. Kor. Fish. Soc., 26, 182-197.

16.
Kang, R.S., H.S. Park, K.S. Won, J.M. Kim, and C. Levings. 2004. Competition as a determinant of the upper limit of subtidal kelp Ecklonia stolonifera Okamura in the southern coast of Korea. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. (in Press.)

17.
Kim, K.Y. and I.K. Lee. 1995. Community structure of subtidal macroalgae around Neobdo Island on the westsouthern coast of Korea. J. Plant Biol., 38, 153-158.

18.
Koh, C.H. and N. Sung. 1983. Community structure and productivity of phytobenthos in Juckdo (Eastern Coast of Korea). Kor. J. Bot., 26, 119-130.

19.
Lobban, C.S. and P.J. Harrison. 1994. Physiological Ecology of Seaweeds. Cambridge University Press, New York.

20.
Lubchenco, J. 1980. Algal zonation in the New England rocky intertidal community: an experimental analysis. Ecology, 61, 333-344. crossref(new window)

21.
Michanek, G. 1979. Phytogeographical provinces and seaweed distribution. Bot. Mar., 21, 451-468.

22.
Morrisey, D.J., L. Howitt, A.J. Underwood, and J.S. Stark. 1992. Spatial variation in soft sediment benthos. Mar Ecol. Prog. Ser., 81, 197-204. crossref(new window)

23.
Nam, K.W. 1986. On the marine benthic algal community of Chuckdo in eastern coast of Korea. Kor. J. Phycol., 1, 185-202.

24.
Neushul, M., M.S. Foster, D.A. Coon, J.W. Woessner, and B.W.W. Harger. 1976. An in situ study of recruitment, growth and survival of subtidal marine algae: technique and preliminary results. J. Phycol., 12, 397-408.

25.
Quinn, G.P. and M.J. Keough. 2002. Experimental Design and Data Analysis for Biologists. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 537 p.

26.
Norton, T.A. 1978. The factors influencing the distribution of Saccorhiza polyschides in the region of Lough Ine. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK, 58, 527-536. crossref(new window)

27.
Santelices, B. 1990. Patterns of reproduction, dispersal and recruitment in seaweeds. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Annu. Rev. 28, 177-276.

28.
Schiel, D.R. and M.S. Foster. 1986. The structure of subtidal algal stands in temperate waters. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Annu. Rev., 24, 265-307.

29.
Shepherd, S.A. and H.B.S. Womersley. 1970. The subtidal ecology of West Island, South Australia. 1. Environmental features and the algal ecology. Trans Roy. Soc. S. Aust., 94, 105-138.

30.
Shepherd, S.A. and H.B.S. Womersley. 1971. Pearson Island expedition 1969. 7. the subtidal ecology of benthic algae. Trans Roy. Soc. S. Aust., 95, 155-167.

31.
Sohn, C.H., I.K. Lee, and J.W. Kang. 1983. Benthic marine algae of Dolsan-Island in the southern coast of Korea. Bull. Kor. Fish. Soc., 16, 379-388.

32.
Underwood, A.J. 1993. The mechanics of spatially replicated sampling programmers to detect environmental impacts in a variable world. Aust. J. Ecol., 1899-116. crossref(new window)

33.
Underwood, A.J. and M.G. Chapman. 1988. Variation in algal assemblages on wave-exposed rocky shores in New South Wales. Mar. Freshwater Res., 49, 241-254. crossref(new window)