Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Reproductive Condition of the Tropical Blacklip Pearl Oyster, Pinctada margaritifera (Linnaeus 1758) from Chuuk Lagoon, Federated State of Micronesia during the Summer Months in 2003
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Ocean and Polar Research
  • Volume 27, Issue 3,  2005, pp.351-358
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • DOI : 10.4217/OPR.2005.27.3.351
 Title & Authors
Reproductive Condition of the Tropical Blacklip Pearl Oyster, Pinctada margaritifera (Linnaeus 1758) from Chuuk Lagoon, Federated State of Micronesia during the Summer Months in 2003
Kang, Do-Hyung; Park, Heung-Sik; Yi, Soon-Kil; Choi, Kwang-Sik;
  PDF(new window)
Reproductive condition of the tropical blacklip pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera collected during the period July through September 2003 from Chuuk Lagoon, Federated State of Micronesia was investigated using histology. The level of gonad development for each pearl oyster was determined with an average score of five microscopic fields, and the average score was used as the maturity index (ML). All wild pearl oysters collected in July did exhibit fully ripe eggs in their ovaries ( in diameter), indicating that they were ready for spawning. In mid August most wild pearl oysters were in spawning and M1 dropped dramatically from mid- to late September, suggesting that the wild pearl oyster completed spawning during this period. In contrast, the cultivated pearl oysters collected in mid-September held ripe eggs in the ovaries and only a few of them spawned, indicating that gonad maturation of the cultivated pearl oyster was somewhat slower than that of the wild pearl oyster in Chuuk Lagoon during the summer period. Histological analysis also indicated that spawning of the pearl oyster is rather incomplete and they may spawn continuously during summer.
Tropical blacklip pearl oyster;Pinctada margaritifera;reproduction;spawning;Chuuk;Micronesia;
 Cited by
Quantification of eggs and sperm in the Black-lip pearl oyster Pinctada margaritifera using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), Fisheries Science, 2014  crossref(new windwow)
Alagarswami, K., S. Dharmaraj, A. Chellam, and T.S. Velayudhan. 1989. Larval and juvenile rearing of black-lip pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera (Linnaeus). Aquaculture, 76, 43-56. crossref(new window)

Arnaud-Haond, S., V. Vonau, F. Bonhomme, P. Boudry, J. Prou, T. Seaman, M. Veyret, and E. Goyard. 2003. Spat collection of the pearl oyster (Pinctada margaritifera cumingii) in French Polynesia: an evaluation of the potential impact on genetic variability of wild and farmed populations after 20 years of commercial exploitation. Aquaculture, 219, 181-192. crossref(new window)

Bullivant, J.S. 1962. Direct observation of spawning in the blacklip pearl oyster (Pinctada margaritifera) and the thorny oyster (Spondylus sp.). Nature, 193, 700-701. crossref(new window)

Cole, T.G., C.E. Katherine, and N.D. Nora. 1999. Structure of mangrove trees and forests in Micronesia. Forest Ecol. Manag., 117, 95-109. crossref(new window)

Fassler, R. 1995. Farming jewels; new developments in pearl farming. World Aquacult., 26, 4-10.

Friedman, K.J. and P.C. Southgate. 1999. Growout of blacklip pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera, on Chaplets in suspended culture in Solomon Islands. J. Shellfish Res., 18, 451-458.

Garcia-Dominguez, F., B.P. Ceballos-Vazquez, and A.T. Quezada. 1996. Spawning cycle of the pearl oyster, Pinctada mazatlanica (Hanley, 1856), (Pteriidae) at Isla Espiritu Santo, Baja California Sur, Mexico. J. Shellfish Res., 15, 297-303.

Gervis, M.H. and N.A. Sims. 1992. The biology and culture of pearl oysters (Bivalvia: Pteriidae). ICLARM Stud. Rev., 21, 1-49.

Grant, C.M. and R.G. Creese. 1995. The reproductive cycle of the tuatua Paphies subtriangulata (Wood, 1828), in New Zealand. J. Shellfish Res., 14, 287-292.

Howard, D. and C. Smith. 1983. Histological techniques for marine bivalve mollusks. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-F/NEC-25.

Intes, A., P. Laboute, and M. Coeroli. 1986. Le stock naturel de nacre (Pinctada margaritifera L.) dans l'atoll de Scilly (Archipel de la Societe, Polynesie Francaise). ORSTOM, 31, 1-38.

Kang, D.-H. I.-Y. Ahn, and K.-S. Choi. 2003. Quantitative assessment of reproductive condition of the Antarctic clam, Laternula elliptica (King and Broderip), using image analysis. Invertebr. Reprod. Develop., 44, 71-78. crossref(new window)

KORDI. 1988. Studies on the seed production of pearl oyster. Korea Ocean Research & Development Institute (KORDI), BSPE00118-178-3.

Lefort, Y. and J. Clavier. 1994. Reproduction of Annachlamys flabellata, Comptopallium radula and Mimachlamys gloriosa (Mollusca: Pectinidae) in the south-west lagoon of New Caledonia. Aquat. Living Resour., 7, 39-46. crossref(new window)

Ngo, T.T.T., F.C.J. Berthe, and K.-S. Choi. 2003. Prevalence and infection intensity of the ovarian parasite Marteilioides chungmuensis during an annual reproductive cycle of the oyster Crassostrea gigas. Dis. Aquat. Org., 56, 259-267. crossref(new window)

NOAA. 1997. Rainfall data, Chuuk 1935-1990. Available from WWW: [cited 2005-03-11].

Park, H.S., S.K. Yi, K.S. Won, and R.S. Kang. 2005. Spatial distribution and natural stocks of black-lip pearl oyster. Pinctada margaritifera in Chuuk Lagoon, Federated State of Micronesia. J. Shellfish Res., in press.

Pouvreau, S. and V. Prasil. 2001. Growth of the black-lip pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera, at nine culture sites of French Polynesia: synthesis of several sampling designs conducted between 1994 and 1999. Aquat. Living Resour., 14, 155-163. crossref(new window)

Pouvreau, S., A. Gangnery, J. Tiapari, F. Lagarde, M. Garnier, and A. Bodoy. 2000a. Gametogenic cycle and reproductive effort of the tropical blacklip pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera (Bivalvia: Pteriidae), cultivated in Takapoto Atoll (French Polynesia). Aquat. Living Resour., 13, 37-48. crossref(new window)

Pouvreau, S., C. Bacher, and M. Heral. 2000b. Ecophysiological model of growth and reproduction of the black pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera: potential applications for pearl farming in French Polynesia. Aquaculture, 186, 117-144. crossref(new window)

Service de la Peche. 1970. Etude sur l’industrie nacriere en Polynesie Francaise. Bull. Tech. No. 2. Tahiti. Polynesie Francaise. 34 p.

Sims, N.A. 1992. Population dynamics and stock management of the black-lip oyster, Pinctada margaritifera in the Cook Island, South Pacific. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res., 43, 1423-1435. crossref(new window)

Sims, N.A. 1994. Growth of wild and cultured black-lip pearl oysters, Pinctada margaritifera (L.) (Pteriidae; Bivalvia), in the Cook Islands. Aquaculture, 122, 181-191. crossref(new window)

Southgate, P.C. and A.C. Beer. 1997. Hatchery and early nursery culture of the blacklip pearl oyster (Pinctada margaritifera L.). J. Shellfish Res., 16, 561-567.

Yukihira, H., D.W. Klumpp, and J.S. Lucas. 1999. Feeding adaptations of the pearl oysters Pinctada margaritifera and P. maxima to variations in natural particulates. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser., 182, 161-173. crossref(new window)

Zanini, J.M. and B. Salvat. 2000. Assessment of deep water stocks of pearl oysters at Takapoto Atoll (Tuamotu Archipelago, French Polynesia). Coral Reefs, 19, 83-87. crossref(new window)