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A Brief Review of Approaches Using Planktonic Organisms to Assess Marine Ecosystem Health
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  • Journal title : Ocean and Polar Research
  • Volume 29, Issue 4,  2007, pp.327-337
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • DOI : 10.4217/OPR.2007.29.4.327
 Title & Authors
A Brief Review of Approaches Using Planktonic Organisms to Assess Marine Ecosystem Health
Kim, Young-Ok; Choi, Hyun-Woo; Jang, Min-Chul; Jang, Pung-Kuk; Lee, Won-Je; Shin, Kyoung-Soon; Jang, Man;
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Plankton communities have close relationships with environmental changes in water columns. Thus, the use of plankton as a biological tool for assessing the marine ecosystem health may be effective. Major issue regarding coastal pollution has been usually recognized as phytoplankton blooms or red tides caused by the eutrophication, an increase in concentration of inorganic nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus. However, in order to understand the effects of the overall pollution on marine ecosystem, the organic pollutants as well as the inorganic nutrients should be also considered. For understanding the effects of the organic pollution, among the planktonic organisms, heterotrophic bacteria, heterotrophic flagellates and ciliates should be investigated. Generally, there are three approaches for assessing the marine ecosystem health using the plankton taxa or plankton communities. The first one is a community-based approach such as diversity index and chlorophyll a concentration which are common in analysis of the plankton communities. The second is an indiviual-based approach which is to monitor the pollution indicative species. This approach needs one`s ability to identify the plankton to species level. The last approach is a bioassay of toxicity, which can be applied to the plankton. A pilot study in Masan Bay was conducted to assess the effects of the inorganic and organic pollution. In this article, a new approach using plankton communities was tentatively presented as a biological tool for assessing the ecosystem health of Masan Bay.
plankton;environmental assessment;marine ecosystem health;microbial loop;Masan Bay;
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