Advanced SearchSearch Tips
A Brief Review of Approaches Using Planktonic Organisms to Assess Marine Ecosystem Health
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Ocean and Polar Research
  • Volume 29, Issue 4,  2007, pp.327-337
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • DOI : 10.4217/OPR.2007.29.4.327
 Title & Authors
A Brief Review of Approaches Using Planktonic Organisms to Assess Marine Ecosystem Health
Kim, Young-Ok; Choi, Hyun-Woo; Jang, Min-Chul; Jang, Pung-Kuk; Lee, Won-Je; Shin, Kyoung-Soon; Jang, Man;
  PDF(new window)
Plankton communities have close relationships with environmental changes in water columns. Thus, the use of plankton as a biological tool for assessing the marine ecosystem health may be effective. Major issue regarding coastal pollution has been usually recognized as phytoplankton blooms or red tides caused by the eutrophication, an increase in concentration of inorganic nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus. However, in order to understand the effects of the overall pollution on marine ecosystem, the organic pollutants as well as the inorganic nutrients should be also considered. For understanding the effects of the organic pollution, among the planktonic organisms, heterotrophic bacteria, heterotrophic flagellates and ciliates should be investigated. Generally, there are three approaches for assessing the marine ecosystem health using the plankton taxa or plankton communities. The first one is a community-based approach such as diversity index and chlorophyll a concentration which are common in analysis of the plankton communities. The second is an indiviual-based approach which is to monitor the pollution indicative species. This approach needs one's ability to identify the plankton to species level. The last approach is a bioassay of toxicity, which can be applied to the plankton. A pilot study in Masan Bay was conducted to assess the effects of the inorganic and organic pollution. In this article, a new approach using plankton communities was tentatively presented as a biological tool for assessing the ecosystem health of Masan Bay.
plankton;environmental assessment;marine ecosystem health;microbial loop;Masan Bay;
 Cited by
통영 양식장 해역의 식물플랑크톤 군집의 연간변동,임월애;이영식;강영실;김성수;김성연;최혜승;허영백;이태식;이재영;

한국해양학회지:바다, 2010. vol.15. 4, pp.158-165
진해만에서 부유생물을 이용한 해양생태계 건강성평가 예비조사,백승호;최현우;김영옥;

환경생물, 2010. vol.28. 3, pp.125-132
Assessing the ecosystem health status of Korea Gwangyang and Jinhae bays based on a planktonic index of biotic integrity (P-IBI), Ocean Science Journal, 2014, 49, 3, 291  crossref(new windwow)
A Comparative study of Assessment Techniques for Soil Ecosystem Health: Focusing on Assessment Factors of Soil Health, Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, 2015, 20, 3, 15  crossref(new windwow)
권영수, 안광국. 2006. 금호강 수계에서 생물학적 하천 건강도 및 이화학적 특성. 한국육수학회지, 39, 145-156

박주석, 이삼석. 1982. 남해안의 환경오염 진행과 모악류 및 요각류의 생물학적 오염지표성 연구. 수산진흥원연구보고, 28, 89-127

배대열, 안광국. 2006. 생물학적 다변수 모델 적용 및 수화학 분석에 의거한 갑천생태계 평가. 한국육수학회지, 39, 198-208

안광국, 김자현. 2005. 물리적 서식지평가기법 및 어류 다변수 평가모델에 의거한 대전천의 생태학적 건강도 진단. 한국육수학회지, 38, 361-371

이의행, 최지웅, 이재훈, 안광국. 2007. 어류모델 메트릭, 물리적 서식지 변수 및 수질특성 분석에 의한 섬진강의 생태 건강성 진단. 한국육수학회지, 40, 184-192

장만. 2006. 남해 특별관리해역의 환경위해성평가 연구(I) 마산연안 중심연구. 한국해양연구원. BSPE97104-1863-3. 592 p

장민철. 1996. 부산 및 진해 연근해에 출현하는 동물플랑크톤 오염지표종 개발에 대한 연구. 이학석사 학위논문, 한국해양대학교, 112 p

최지웅, 이의행, 이재훈, 안광국. 2007. 어류를 이용한 낙동강 수계의 생물학적 수질 평가. 한국육수학회지, 40, 254- 263

Aubry, A. and M. Elliott. 2006. The use of environmental integrative indicators to assess seabed disturbance in estuaries and coasts: Application to the Humber Estuary, UK. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 53, 175-185 crossref(new window)

Bick, H. 1968. Autokologische und saprobiologische Untersuchungen an Susswasserciliaten. Hydrobiologie, 31, 17-36 crossref(new window)

Buikema, A.L., J. Cairns, and W.H. Youngue. 1983. Correlation between the autotrophic index and protozoan colonization rates as indicators of pollution stress. p. 204-219. In: Aquatic Toxicology and Hazard Assessment: Sixth Symposium. American Society for Testing and Materials. Phildelphia, Pennsylvania

Caeiro, S., M.H. Costa, P. Goovaerts, and F. Martins. 2005. Benthic biotope index for classifying habitats in the sado estuary: Portugal. Mar. Environ. Res., 60, 570-593 crossref(new window)

Cairns, J. 1979. A strategy for use of protozoans in the evaluation of hazardous substances, p. 1-17. In: Biological Indicators of Water Quality. Academic Press, New York

Chung, P.R., K.S. Cho, Y. Jung, Y. Shen, and M. Gu. 1999. Biological evaluation of running waters in Korea, with special reference to bioassessment using the PFU system. Hydrobiologia, 390, 107-115 crossref(new window)

Dini, F. 1981. Relationship between breeding systems and resistance to mercury in Euplotes crassus (Ciliophora; Hypotrichida). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 4, 195-202 crossref(new window)

Fogg, G.E. and B. Thake. 1987. Algal cultures and phytoplankton ecology. The University of Wisconsin Press, Wisconsin. 269 p

Foissner, W. 1988. Taxonomic and nomenclatural revision of Sladecek's list of ciliates (Protozoa: Ciliophora) as indicators of water quality. Hydrobiologia, 166, 1-64 crossref(new window)

Foissner, W. 1992. Evaluating water quailty using protozoa and saprobity indexes. p. B11.1-B11.20. In: Protocols in protozoology. Society of protozoologists, Kansas

Fore, L.S. 2003. Response of diatom assemblages to human disturbance: Development and testing of a multimetric index for the Mid-Atlantic Region (USA). p. 445-471. In: Biological response signatures. CRC Press, New York

Friligos, N. and T. Koussouris. 1984. Preliminary observations on sewage nutrient enrichment and phytoplankton ecology in the Thermaikos Gulf, Thessaloniki, Greece. Vie et Milieu, 34, 35-39

Kiddon, J.A., J.F. Paul, H.W. Buffum, C.S. Strobel, S.S. Hale, D. Cobb, and B.S. Brown. 2003. Ecological condition of US Mid-Atlantic estuaries, 1997-1998. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 46, 1224-1244 crossref(new window)

Lacouture, R.V., J.M. Johnson, C. Buchanan, and H.G. Marshall. 2006. Phytoplankton Index of biotic integrity for Chesapeake Bay and its tidal tributaries. Estuar. Coast., 29, 598-616 crossref(new window)

Laybourn-Parry, J. 1992. Protozoan plankton ecology. Chapman & Hall, London. 231 p

Lynn, D.H. and G.L. Gilron. 1992. A brief review of approaches using ciliated protists to assess aquatic ecosystem health. J. Aquat. Ecosyst. Health., 1, 263-270 crossref(new window)

Maestrini, S.Y., M.R. Droop, and D.J. Bonin. 1984. Test algae as indicators of sea water quality: Prospects. p. 133-188. In: Algae as ecological indicators. Academic Press, London

Paerl, H.W., J. Dyble, J.L. Pinckney, L.M. Valdes, D.F. Millie, P.H. Moisander, J.T. Morris, B. Bendis, and M.F. Piehler. 2005. Using microalgal indicators to assess human- and climate-induced ecological change in estuaries. p. 145-174. In: Estuarine indicators. CRC Press, New York

Parker, J.G. 1983. Ciliated protozoa in marine pollution studies. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Safety, 7, 172-178 crossref(new window)

Personne, G. and G. Uyttersfrot. 1975. The influence of inorganic and organic pollutants on the rate of reproduction od a marine hypotrichous ciliate: Euplotes vannus Muller. Rev. Int. Oceanogr. Med., 37, 125-151

Porter, K.G., C.H. Paerl, R. Hodson, M. Pace, J. Priscu, B. Riemann, D. Scavia, and J. Stockner. 1988. Microbial interactions in lake food webs. p. 209-227. In: Complex interaction in lake communities. Springer-Verlag, New York

Revelante, N., M. Gilmartin, and N. Smodlaka. 1985. The effects of Po River induced eutrophication on the distribution and community structure of ciliated protozoan and micrometazoan populations in the northern Adriatic Sea. J. Plank. Res., 7, 461-471 crossref(new window)

Reynolds, C.S. 1988. Functional morphology and the adaptive strategies of freshwater phytoplankton. p. 388- 433. In: Growth and reproductive strategies of freshwater phytoplankton. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Shen, Y.F., A.L. Buikema, W.H. Yongue, J.R. Pratt, and J. Cairns. 1986. Use of protozoa communities to predict environmental effects of pollutants. J. Protozool., 33, 146-151 crossref(new window)

Sieburth, J. McN. and P.G. Davis. 1982. The role of hetrotrophic nanoplankton in the grazing and nurturing of planktonic bacteria in the Sargasso and Caribbean Seas. Ann. Inst. Oceanogr., Paris, 58, 285-296

Sladecek, V. 1973. System of water quality from the biological point of view. Arch. Hydrobiol. Beih. Ergebn. Limnol., 7, 1-218

Smayda, T.J. 2002. Adaptive ecology, growth strategies and the global bloom expansion of dinoflagellates. J. Oceanogr., 58, 281-294 crossref(new window)

Sprague, J.B. 1973. The ABC's of pollutant bioassay using fish. Biological methods for the assessment of water quality. Amer. Soc. Test. Materials, ASTM STP, 528, 6-30

Tacchi, B. and M. Montanari. 1985. Research to determine the extent of organic pollution of the Genoese coastal waters diatom/ciliated protozoa ratios. Oebalia, 11, 875- 878

The Bay Institute Ecological Scorecard. 2004. San Francisco Bay (Suisun Bay) Food Web Index. San Francisco Bay Food Web Index Technical Report, April 6, 2004. 31 p

US EPA. 2004. National coastal condition report II. EPA, Washington DC. 286 p

William, M., B. Longstaff, C. Buchanan, R. Llanso, and P. Bergstrom. 2007. Development of an intergrated and spartially explicit index of Chesapeake Bay Health (Bay Habitat Health index-BHHI). A Joint Initiative of the Chesapeake Bay Program's Tidal Monitoring and Analysis Workgroup (TMAW) & Living Resources and Analysis Group (LivRAW), Technical Documentation (v. 1.5), April 16th, 2007. 36 p

Xu, F.L., K.C. Lam, Z.Y. Zhao, W. Zhan, Y.D. Chen, and S. Tao. 2004. Marine coastal ecosystem health assessment: A case study of the Tolo Harbour, Hong Kong, China. Ecol. Model., 173, 355-370 crossref(new window)

Xu, K., J.K. Choi, E.J. Yang, K.C. Lee, and Y. Lei. 2002. Biomonitoring of coastal pollution status using protozoan communities with a modified PFU method. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 44, 877-886 crossref(new window)

Xu, K., J.K. Choi, E.J. Yang, Y. Lei, and K.C. Lee. 2000. Assessment of planktonic ciliate communities as indicators of water quality in Inchon coastal waters. The Yellow Sea, 6, 50-58