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Application of Biotic Indices to Assess the Health Condition of Benthic Community in Masan Bay, Korea
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  • Journal title : Ocean and Polar Research
  • Volume 29, Issue 4,  2007, pp.339-348
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • DOI : 10.4217/OPR.2007.29.4.339
 Title & Authors
Application of Biotic Indices to Assess the Health Condition of Benthic Community in Masan Bay, Korea
Choi, Jin-Woo; Seo, Jin-Young;
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 Abstract
In this work, we compared the characteristics of three benthic biotic indices (BPI, AMBI, BIBI) which indicates the health condition of benthic communities in Masan Bay, Korea where anthropogenic impacts have been concentrated. Also we evaluated the usefulness of these benthic indices and some problems if they were applied to the Korean coastal waters. For this we used the macrozoobenthos data collected using van Veen grab () at 21 sites in Masan Bay in February and August 2004. Based on the BPI values, two stations in the inner bay were found in a very hard polluted condition and three stations in the middle bay were also in a highly polluted condition. Only one station located in the bay mouth was in a normal condition. The inner bay stations showed very high AMBI values (), indicating a highly polluted condition. The bay mouth station was assessed in a moderately polluted condition. The overall BIBI values in Masan Bay were in the range between 1.0 and 3.0. The inner bay stations showed low BIBI values () in the severely degraded condition. The bay mouth station with high BIBI value over 3.0 was assessed as a normal condition. All three benthos indices showed that macrozoobenthic communities in the inner bay were in a seriously polluted condition all year round, and macrobenthic faunas in the bay mouth seemed in a bad healthy condition (slightly polluted) based on AMBI during summer season. These three benthic biotic indices showed the similar assessment result, and thus we consider that each of them is a useful tool for the assessment of coastal benthic ecosystems under the organic enrichment in sediment.
 Keywords
Benthic community health assessment;Benthic Pollution Index (BPI);Azti's Marine Biotic Index (AMBI);Benthic-Index of Biological Integrity (BIBI);Masan Bay;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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