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Interannual Variabilities of Sea Surface Temperature and Sea Level Anomaly related to ENSO in the Tropical and North Pacific Ocean System
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  • Journal title : Ocean and Polar Research
  • Volume 30, Issue 3,  2008, pp.313-324
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • DOI : 10.4217/OPR.2008.30.3.313
 Title & Authors
Interannual Variabilities of Sea Surface Temperature and Sea Level Anomaly related to ENSO in the Tropical and North Pacific Ocean System
Kim, Eung; Jeon, Dong-Chull;
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 Abstract
In order to understand the variation of ENSO-related oceanic environments in the tropical and North Pacific Ocean, spatio-temporal variations of sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTA) and sea surface height anomaly (SSHA) are analyzed from distributions of complex empirical orthogonal functions (CEOF). Correlations among warm pool variation, southern oscillation index, and ocean surface currents were also examined with respect to interannual variability of the warm pool in western tropical Pacific. Spatio-temporal distributions of the first CEOF modes for SSTA and SSHA indicate that their variabilities are associated with ENSO events, which have a variance over 30% in the North Pacific. The primary reasons for their variabilities are different; SST is predominantly influenced by the change of barrier layer thickness, while SSH fluctuates with the same phase as propagation of an ENSO episode in the zonal direction. Horizontal boundary of warm pool area, which normally centered around in the tropics, seemed to be expanded to the middle and eastern tropical regions by strong zonal currents through the mature phase of an ENSO episode.
 Keywords
sea surface temperature (SST);sea surface height anomaly (SSHA);ENSO;interannual variability;complex empirical orthogonal function (CEOF);
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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