Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Water Temperature and Photoperiod on the Oxygen Consumption Rate of Juvenile Pacific Cod Gadus macrocephalus
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Ocean and Polar Research
  • Volume 32, Issue 3,  2010, pp.229-236
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • DOI : 10.4217/OPR.2010.32.3.229
 Title & Authors
Effect of Water Temperature and Photoperiod on the Oxygen Consumption Rate of Juvenile Pacific Cod Gadus macrocephalus
Oh, Sung-Yong; Park, Heung-Sik; Kim, Chong-Kwan;
  PDF(new window)
A study was conducted to investigate the effect of water temperature and photoperiod on the oxygen consumption of the fasting juvenile Pacific cod Gadus macrocephalus (mean body weight 79.92.0 g) in order to quantify metabolic response of the species under given conditions. The oxygen consumption rate (OCR) of G. macrocephalus was measured under a combination of four different water temperatures (7, 10, 13 and ) and three different photoperiods (24L:0D, 12L:12D and 0L:24D) with an interval of 5 minutes over a 24-hour period using a closed recirculating respirometer. Three replicates were set up in each treatment. OCRs increased with increased water temperatures under all photoperiod conditions (P<0.001). Mean OCRs at 7, 10, 13 and 16oC ranged from 793.7~1108.4, 1145.7~1570.3, 1352.8~1742.5 and 1458.2~1818.6 mg , respectively. Under all water temperature conditions except (P<0.001), mean OCRs of G. macrocephalus were the highest in continuous light (24L:0D) followed by 12L:12D and 0L:24D photoperiods. Mean OCRs of fish exposed to the 12L:12D photoperiod were significantly higher during the light phase than during the dark phase under all temperature conditions (P<0.001). values ranged from 3.19~5.13 between 7 and , 1.41~1.74 between 10 and and 1.15~1.35 between 13 and , respectively. Based on overall results, water temperature, photoperiod and their combinations exerted a significant influence on the metabolic rate of juvenile cod. This study provides empirical data for estimating the amount of oxygen demand and managing the culture of cod under the given water temperatures and photoperiods.
Gadus macrocephalus;oxygen consumption;water temperature;photoperiod;
 Cited by
박충열, 곽우석 (2009) 우리나라 연안에 서식하는 대구(Gadus macrocephalus)의 위 내용물 비교. 한국어류학회지 21:28-37

오승용, 노충환 (2006) 수온과 광주기에 따른 볼락, Sebastes inermis 치어의 산소 소비율. 한국양식학회지 19:210-215

오승용, 노충환, 강래선, 명정구 (2006) 돌돔, Oplegnathus fasciatus 치어의 절식시 산소 소비율에 미치는 수온과 광주기의 영향. Ocean and Polar Res 28:407-413 crossref(new window)

오승용, 장요순, 노충환, 최희정, 명정구, 김종관 (2009) 강도다리 Platichthys stellatus의 산소 소비율에 미치는 수온과 체중의 영향. 한국어류학회지 21:7-14

조재윤, 김유희 (1999) 참메기, Silurus asotus의 수온과 광주기 변화에 따른 산소 소비량. 한국수산학회지 32:56-61

Adams SM, Breck JE (1990) Bioenergetics. In: Schreck CB, Moyle PB (eds) Methods for fish biology. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, pp 389-415

Biswas AK, Endo M, Takeuchi T (2002) Effect of different photoperiod cycles on metabolic rate and energy loss of both fed and unfed young tilapia Oreochromis niloticus: Part I. Fish Sci 68:465-477 crossref(new window)

Biswas AK, Takeuchi T (2002) Effect of different photoperiod cycles on metabolic rate and energy loss of both fed and unfed adult tilapia Oreochromis niloticus: Part II. Fish Sci 68:543-553 crossref(new window)

Bjornsson BT (1997) The biology of salmon growth hormone: from daylight to dominance. Fish Physiol Biochem 17:9-24 crossref(new window)

Brett JR, Groves TDD (1979) Physiological energetics. In: Hoar WH, Randall DJ, Brett JR (eds). Fish Physiology. Academic Press, New York, pp 279-352

Dalla Via J, Villani P, Gasteiger E, Niederstätter H (1998) Oxygen consumption in sea bass fingerling Dicentrarchus labrax exposed to acute salinity and temperature changes: metabolic basis for maximum stocking density estimations. Aquaculture 169:303-313 crossref(new window)

Degani G, Gallagher ML, Meltzer A (1989) The influence of body size and temperature on oxygen consumption of the European eel, Anguilla anguilla. J Fish Biol 34:19-24 crossref(new window)

Elliot JM, Davison W (1975) Energy equivalents of oxygen consumption in animal energetics. Oecologia 19:195-201 crossref(new window)

Forsberg JA, Summerfelt RC (1992) Effects of temperature on dial ammonia excretion of fingerling walleye. Aquaculture 102:115-126 crossref(new window)

Fry FEJ (1971) The effect of environmental factors on the physiology of fish. In: Hoar WS, Randall DJ (eds) Fish Physiology. Academic Press, New York, pp 1-98

Hanna SK, Haukenes AH, Foy RJ, Buck CL (2008) Temperature effects on metabolic rate, swimming performance and condition of Pacific cod Gadus macrocephalus Tilesius. J Fish Biol 72:1068-1078 crossref(new window)

Imsland AK, Folkvor A, Stefansson SO (1995) Growth, oxygen consumption and activity of juvenile turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.) reared under different temperatures and photoperiods. Neth J Sea Res 34:149-159 crossref(new window)

Jobling M (1982) A study of some factors affecting rates of oxygen consumption of plaice, Pleuronectes platessa L. J Fish Biol 20:501-516 crossref(new window)

Jonassen TM, Imsland AK, Kadowaki S, Stefansson SO (2000) Interaction of temperature and photoperiod on growth of Atlantic halibut Hippoglossus hippoglossus L. Aquac Res 31:219-227 crossref(new window)

Kaushik SJ (1998) Nutritional bioenergetics and estimation of waste production in non-salmonids. Aqua Liv Res 11:211-217 crossref(new window)

Kita J, Tsuchida S, Setoguma, T (1996) Temperature preference and tolerance and oxygen consumption of the marbled rock-fish, Sebastiscus marmoratus. Mar Biol 125:467-471

Laurence GC (1978) Comparative growth, respiration and delayed feeding abilities of larval cod (Gadus morhua) and haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) as influenced by temperature during laboratory studies. Mar Biol 50:1-7 crossref(new window)

Lyytikainen T, Jobling M (1998) The effects of temperature fluctuations on oxygen consumption and ammonia excretion of underyearling Lake Inari Arctic charr. J Fish Biol 52:1186-1198

Paul AJ, Paul JM, Smith RL (1988) Respiratory energy requirements of the cod Gadus macrocephalus Tilesius relative to body size, food intake, and temperature. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 122:83-89 crossref(new window)

Perez-Casanova JC, Afonso LOB, Johnson SC, Currie S, Gamperl AK (2008) The stress and metabolic responses of juvenile Atlantic cod Gadus morhua L. to an acute thermal challenge. J Fish Biol 72:899-916 crossref(new window)

Porter MJR, Randall CF, Bromage NR, Thorpe JE (1998) The role of melatonin and the pineal gland on development and smoltification of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) parr. Aquaculture 168:139-155 crossref(new window)

Ross LG, McKinney RW (1988) Respiratory cycles in Oreochromis niloticus (L.) measured using a six-channel microcomputer-operated respirometer. Comp Biochem Physiol 89:637-643 crossref(new window)

Saunders RL (1963) Respiration of the Atlantic cod. J Fish Res Board Can 20:373-386 crossref(new window)

Schurmann H, Steffensen JF (1997) Effects of temperature, hypoxia and activity on the metabolism of juvenile Atlantic cod. J Fish Biol 50:1166-1180

Simensen LM, Jonassen TM, Imsland AK, Stefansson SO (2000) Photoperiod regulation of growth of juvenile Atlantic halibut Hippoglossus hippoglossus L. Aquaculture 190:119-128 crossref(new window)

Soofiani NM, Priede IG (1985) Aerobic metabolic scope an swimming performance in juvenile cod, Gadus morhua L. J Fish Biol 26:127-138 crossref(new window)

Spanopoulos-Hernandez M, Martinez-Palacios CA, Vanegas-Perez RC, Rosas C, Ross LG (2005) The combined effects of salinity and temperature on the oxygen consumption of juvenile shrimps Litopenaeus stylirostris (Stimpson, 1874). Aquaculture 244:341-348 crossref(new window)

Tytler P, Calow P (1985) Fish Energetics: New Perspectives. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 349 p

Westrheim SJ (1996) On the Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus) in British Columbia waters, and a comparison with Pacific cod elsewhere, and Atlantic cod (G. morhua). Can Tech Res Fish Aquat Sci 2092:390

Wuenschel MJ, Jugovich AR, Hare JA (2005) Metabolic response of juvenile gray snapper (Lutjanus griseus) to temperature and salinity: Physiological cost of different environments. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 321:145-154 crossref(new window)

Wuenschel MJ, Werner RG, Hoss DE (2004) Effect of body size, temperature and salinity on the routine metabolism of larval and juvenile spotted seatrout. J Fish Biol 64:1088-1102 crossref(new window)