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Rates of Sulfate Reduction and Iron Reduction in the Sediment Associated with Abalone Aquaculture in the Southern Coastal Waters of Korea
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  • Journal title : Ocean and Polar Research
  • Volume 33, Issue 4,  2011, pp.435-445
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • DOI : 10.4217/OPR.2011.33.4.435
 Title & Authors
Rates of Sulfate Reduction and Iron Reduction in the Sediment Associated with Abalone Aquaculture in the Southern Coastal Waters of Korea
Kim, Bo-Mi-Na; Choi, A-Yeon; An, Sung-Uk; Kim, Hyung-Chul; Jung, Rae-Hong; Lee, Won-Chan; Hyun, Jung-Ho;
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 Abstract
We investigated geochemical properties, and microbial sulfate- and iron(III) reduction in sediment influenced by the aquaculture of abalone in the Nohwa-do, southern coastal sea in Korea. Concentrations of ammonium, phosphate, and sulfide in the pore-water were higher at farm sites than at control sites. The differences between the 2 types of sites were most apparent in terms of the weights of abalone and the temperature increase during September. Accordingly, the rates of sulfate reduction at the farm sites during September (61 mmol S ) were 3-fold higher than the sulfate reduction during May (20 mmol S ). In contrast, Fe(III) reduction rates were highest at the control sites in May, but its significance was relatively decreased at farm sites during September when sulfate reduction rates were highest. During September, benthic ammonium flux was 3-fold greater at the farm sites (35 mmol N ) than at the control sites (12 mmol N ), and phosphate flux was 8-fold higher at the farm sites (0.018 mmol P ) than at control sites (0.003 mmol P ). Overall results indicated that the inappropriate operation of a large-scale aquaculture farm may result in excess input of biodeposits and high nutrient fluxes from the sediment, thereby decreasing diversity of the benthic ecosystem and deepening eutrophication in coastal waters.
 Keywords
abalone;aquaculture;biodeposit;sulfate reduction;iron reduction;benthic nutrient flux;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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해양환경안전학회지, 2012. vol.18. 6, pp.536-544 crossref(new window)
2.
패류양식어장 밀집해역의 퇴적환경내 유기물 분포특성 -여자만과 남해 강진만-,최민규;김형철;황동운;이인석;김영숙;김예정;최희구;

한국수산과학회지, 2013. vol.46. 4, pp.424-436 crossref(new window)
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Effect of Abalone Farming on Sediment Geochemistry in the Shallow Sea near Wando, South Korea,;;;;;;

Ocean Science Journal, 2015. vol.50. 4, pp.669-682 crossref(new window)
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Comparison of Material Flux at the Sediment-Water Interface in Marine Finfish and Abalone Cage Farms, Southern Coast of Korea: In-situ and Laboratory Incubation Examination, Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment and Safety, 2012, 18, 6, 536  crossref(new windwow)
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Effect of abalone farming on sediment geochemistry in the Shallow Sea near Wando, South Korea, Ocean Science Journal, 2015, 50, 4, 669  crossref(new windwow)
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Impacts of long-line aquaculture of Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) on sulfate reduction and diffusive nutrient flux in the coastal sediments of Jinhae–Tongyeong, Korea, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2013, 74, 1, 187  crossref(new windwow)
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Organic Enrichment and Pollution in Surface Sediments from Shellfish Farming in Yeoja Bay and Gangjin Bay, Korea, Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 2013, 46, 4, 424  crossref(new windwow)
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