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The Formation of Hypoxia Sediment and Benthic Foraminiferal Change in Gamak Bay, Southern Coast of Korea
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  • Journal title : Ocean and Polar Research
  • Volume 34, Issue 1,  2012, pp.53-64
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • DOI : 10.4217/OPR.2012.34.1.053
 Title & Authors
The Formation of Hypoxia Sediment and Benthic Foraminiferal Change in Gamak Bay, Southern Coast of Korea
Lee, Yeon-Gyu; Jeong, Da-Un; Kang, So-Ra; Kim, Yong-Wan; Kim, Shin; Jung, Eun-Ho; Lee, Jung-Sick;
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 Abstract
In order to understand the relationship between the formation of hypoxia sediment by eutrophication and changes in benthic foraminiferal assemblage, micropaleontological and geochemical analyses were carried out on one sediment box core (K-1) recovered in the northern Gamak Bay, which is one of the aquacultural areas in the South Sea of Korea. In this analysis, the PON content in the sediment rapidly increased, while the C/N ratio and the C/S ratio decreased since 1977. These results indicate that eutrophication commenced in 1977 in the northern Gamak Bay, and consequently, the hypoxia sediment is 20 cm thick. Ammonia beccarii-Buccella frigida assemblage occurs before the formation of hypoxia sediment. Trochammina hadai-Buccella frigida assemblage appeared in the transitional period toward hypoxia and Trochammina hadai assemblage with a low abundance and diversity is observed in the hypoxia sediment. The agglutinated species T. hadai is regarded as a bio-indicator (opportunistic species) of the organic pollution in northern Gamak Bay.
 Keywords
hypoxia;eutrophication;benthic foraminifera;Trochammina hadai;bio-indicator;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
Effects of hypoxia caused by mussel farming on benthic foraminifera in semi-closed Gamak Bay, South Korea, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2016, 109, 1, 566  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Effect of abalone farming on seawater movement and benthic foraminiferal assemblage of Zostera marina in the inner bay of Wando, South Korea, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2016, 109, 1, 205  crossref(new windwow)
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