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Climatological Variability of Satellite-derived Sea Surface Temperature and Chlorophyll in the South Sea of Korea and East China Sea
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  • Journal title : Ocean and Polar Research
  • Volume 34, Issue 2,  2012, pp.201-218
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • DOI : 10.4217/OPR.2012.34.2.201
 Title & Authors
Climatological Variability of Satellite-derived Sea Surface Temperature and Chlorophyll in the South Sea of Korea and East China Sea
Son, Young-Baek; Ryu, Joo-Hyung; Noh, Jae-Hoon; Ju, Se-Jong; Kim, Sang-Hyun;
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The purpose of this study is to investigate climatological variations from the sea surface temperature (SST), chlorophyll-a concentration (Chl-a), and phytoplankton size class (PSC), using NOAA AVHRR, SeaWiFS, and MODIS data in the South Sea of Korea (SSK) and East China Sea (ECS). 26-year monthly SST and 13-year monthly Chl-a and PSC data, separated by whole and nine-different areas, were used to understand seasonal and inter-annual variations. SST and Chl-a clearly showed seasonal variations: higher SST and Chl-a were observed during the summer and spring, and lower values occurred during the winter and summer. The annual and monthly SST over 26 years increased by . The annual and monthly Chl-a concentration over 13 years decreased by . To determine more detailed spatial and temporal variations, we used the combined data with monthly SST, Chl-a, and PSC. Between 1998 and 2010, the inter-annual trend of Chl-a decreased, with decreasing micro- and nano-size plankton, and increasing pico-size plankton. In regional analysis, the west region of the study area was spatially and temporally correlated with the area dominated by decreasing micro-size plankton; while the east region was less sensitive to coastal and land effects, and was dominated by increasing pico-size plankton. This phenomenon is better related to one or more forcing factors: the increased stratification of ocean driven by changes occurring in spatial variations of the SST caused limited contributions of nutrients and changed marine ecosystems in the study area.
climatological variation;SST;chlorophyll-a;phytoplankton size class;East China Sea;
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