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Climatological Variability of Satellite-derived Sea Surface Temperature and Chlorophyll in the South Sea of Korea and East China Sea
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  • Journal title : Ocean and Polar Research
  • Volume 34, Issue 2,  2012, pp.201-218
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • DOI : 10.4217/OPR.2012.34.2.201
 Title & Authors
Climatological Variability of Satellite-derived Sea Surface Temperature and Chlorophyll in the South Sea of Korea and East China Sea
Son, Young-Baek; Ryu, Joo-Hyung; Noh, Jae-Hoon; Ju, Se-Jong; Kim, Sang-Hyun;
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 Abstract
The purpose of this study is to investigate climatological variations from the sea surface temperature (SST), chlorophyll-a concentration (Chl-a), and phytoplankton size class (PSC), using NOAA AVHRR, SeaWiFS, and MODIS data in the South Sea of Korea (SSK) and East China Sea (ECS). 26-year monthly SST and 13-year monthly Chl-a and PSC data, separated by whole and nine-different areas, were used to understand seasonal and inter-annual variations. SST and Chl-a clearly showed seasonal variations: higher SST and Chl-a were observed during the summer and spring, and lower values occurred during the winter and summer. The annual and monthly SST over 26 years increased by . The annual and monthly Chl-a concentration over 13 years decreased by . To determine more detailed spatial and temporal variations, we used the combined data with monthly SST, Chl-a, and PSC. Between 1998 and 2010, the inter-annual trend of Chl-a decreased, with decreasing micro- and nano-size plankton, and increasing pico-size plankton. In regional analysis, the west region of the study area was spatially and temporally correlated with the area dominated by decreasing micro-size plankton; while the east region was less sensitive to coastal and land effects, and was dominated by increasing pico-size plankton. This phenomenon is better related to one or more forcing factors: the increased stratification of ocean driven by changes occurring in spatial variations of the SST caused limited contributions of nutrients and changed marine ecosystems in the study area.
 Keywords
climatological variation;SST;chlorophyll-a;phytoplankton size class;East China Sea;
 Language
Korean
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