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Abyssal Circulation Driven by a Periodic Impulsive Source in a Small Basin with Steep Bottom Slope with Implications to the East Sea
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  • Journal title : Ocean and Polar Research
  • Volume 34, Issue 3,  2012, pp.287-296
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • DOI : 10.4217/OPR.2012.34.3.287
 Title & Authors
Abyssal Circulation Driven by a Periodic Impulsive Source in a Small Basin with Steep Bottom Slope with Implications to the East Sea
Seung, Young-Ho;
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In the theory of source-driven abyssal circulation, the forcing is usually assumed to be steady source (deep-water formation). In many cases, however, the deep-water formation occurs instantaneously and it is not clear whether the theory can be applied well in this case. An attempt is made to resolve this problem by using a simple reduced gravity model. The model basin has large depth change compared for its size, like the East Sea, such that isobaths nearly coincide with geostrophic contours. Deep-water is formed every year impulsively and flows into the model basin through the boundary. It is found that the circulation driven by the impulsive source is generally the same as that driven by a steady source except that the former has a seasonal fluctuation associated with unsteadiness of forcing. The magnitudes of both the annual average and seasonal fluctuations increase with the rate of deep-water formation. The problem can be approximated to that of linear diffusion of momentum with boundary flux, which well demonstrates the essential feature of abyssal circulation spun-up by periodic impulsive source. Although the model greatly idealizes the real situation, it suggests that abyssal circulation can be driven by a periodic impulsive source in the East Sea.
East Sea;abyssal circulation;periodic impulsive source;deep-water formation;geostrophic contours;
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