Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Establishment of an Ice Core Processing Method and Analytical Procedures for Fundamental Proxies
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Ocean and Polar Research
  • Volume 36, Issue 1,  2014, pp.13-24
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • DOI : 10.4217/OPR.2014.36.1.013
 Title & Authors
Establishment of an Ice Core Processing Method and Analytical Procedures for Fundamental Proxies
Jun, Seong Joon; Hong, Sang Bum; Hur, Soon Do; Lee, Jeonghoon; Kang, Jung-Ho; Hwang, Hee Jin; Chung, Ji Woong; Jung, Hye Jin; Han, Changhee; Hong, Sungmin;
  PDF(new window)
We established the first complete ice core processing method and analytical procedures for fundamental proxies, using a 40.2 m long ice core drilled on the Mt. Tsambagarav glacier in the Mongolian Altai mountains in July 2008. The whole core was first divided into two sub ice core sections and the measurements of the visual stratigraphy and electrical conductivity were performed on the surface of these sub core sections. A continuous sequence of samples was then prepared for chemical analyses (stable isotope ratios of oxygen () and hydrogen (), soluble ions and trace elements). A total of 29 insoluble dust layers were identified from the measurement of visual stratigraphy. The electrical conductivity measurement (ECM) shows 11 peaks with the current more than 0.8 Comparing the profiles of and concentrations to correlate with known volcanic eruptions, the first two ECM peaks appear to be linked to the eruptions (January and June 2007) of Kliuchevskoi volcano on the Kamchatka Peninsula of Russia, which supports the reliability of our ECM data. Finally, the composition of stable isotopes ( and ) shows a well-defined seasonal variation, suggesting that various chemical proxies may have been well preserved in the successive ice layers of Tsambagarav ice core. Our ice core processing method and analytical procedures for fundamental proxies are expected to be used for paleoclimate and paleoenvironmental studies from polar and alpine ice cores.
ice core processing;fundamental proxies;Electrical Conductivity Measurement (ECM);Visual Stratigraphy (VS);stable water isotopes;
 Cited by
극지연구소 (2010a) 고산빙하, 육상퇴적물 및 기후모델을 이용한 아시아 고기후 복원. 기상청, RACS 2010-3007, 182 p (KOPRI (2010a) Paleoclimate Reconstruction of Asia using Alpine Ice Core, Land Sediment and Climate Model. Korea Polar Research Institute, RACS 2010-3007, 182 p (in Korean))

극지연구소 (2010b) 빙하코어시료의 용융장치 개발을 통한 극미량 proxies 측정 기법 연구. 한국해양과학기술원 부설 극지연구소, PK09050, 32 p (KOPRI (2010b) Development of Advanced Meltering System for Measurement of Traceable Proxies in Ice Core. Korea Polar Research Institute, PK09050, 32 p (in Korean))

극지연구소 (2011) 극한지 빙하시추와 Ice Core Bank 운영을 위한 핵심 기술 개발. 한국해양과학기술원 부설 극지연구소, BSPP10010-174-7, 733 p (KOPRI (2011) Development of Core Technology for Ice Core Drilling and Ice Core Bank. Korea Polar Research Institute, BSPP10010-174-7, 733 p (in Korean))

Aizen VB, Aizen EM, Fujita K, Nikitin SA, Kreutz KJ, Takeuchi LN (2005) Stable-isotope time series and precipitation origin from firn-core and snow samples, Altai glaciers, Siberia. J Glaciol 51:637-654 crossref(new window)

Alley RB, Shuman CA, Meese DA, Gow AJ, Taylor KC, Cuffey KM, Fitzpatrick JJ, Grootes PM, Zielinski GA, Ram M, Spinelli G, Elder B (1997) Visual-stratigraphic dating of the GISP2 ice core: Basic, reproducibility, and application. J Geophys Res 102:26367-26381 crossref(new window)

Anders S, Soren WN, Sepp K, Sigfus JJ, Jorgen PS, Matthias B, Urs R, Regine R (2005) Visual stratigraphy of the North Greenland Ice Core Project (NorthGRIP) ice core during the last glacial period. J Geophys Res 110:D02108. doi:10.1029/2004JD005134 crossref(new window)

Boutron CF (1995) Historical reconstruction of the earth's past atmospheric environment from Greenland and Antarctic snow and ice cores. Environ Rev 3:1-28 crossref(new window)

Candelone JP, Hong S, Boutron CF (1994) An improved method for decontaminating polar snow or ice cores for heavy metal analysis. Anal Chim Acta 29:9-16

Cole-Dai J, Budner DM, Ferris AG (2006) High speed, high resolution, and continuous chemical analysis of ice cores using a melter and ion chromatography. Environ Sci Technol 40:6764-6769 crossref(new window)

Dansgaard W (1964) Stable isotope in precipitation. Tellus 14:436-468

Eichler A, Tinner W, Brutsch S, Olivier S, Papina T, Schwikowski M (2011) An ice-core based history of Siberian forest fires since AD 1250. Quat Sci Rev 30:1027-1034 crossref(new window)

Enkhtaivan (2006) Physical-Geographical Characteristics of the Altai Region. In: Vogtmann H, Dobretsov N (eds) Environmental Security and Sustainable Land Use-with special reference to Central Asia, NATO Security through Science Series, pp 349-351

Glen JW, Paren JG (1975) The electrical properties of snow and ice. J Glaciol 15:15-38

Gupta P, Noone D, Galewsky J, Sweeney C, Vaughn BH (2009) Demonstration of high-precision continuous measurements of water vapor isotopologues in laboratory and remote field deployments using wavelength-scanned cavity ring-down spectroscopy (WS-CRDS) technology. Rapid Commun Mass Sp 23:2534-2542 crossref(new window)

Hammer CU (1980) Acidity of polar ice core in relation to absolute dating, past volcanism, and radio-echoes. J Glaciol 25:359-372

Hammer CU, Clausen HB, Langway CC (2004) Electrical conductivity method (ECM) stratigraphic dating of the Byrd Station ice core, Antarctica. Ann Glaciol 20:115-120

Hong S, Liuberas A, Rodriguez F (2000) A clean protocol for determining ultralow heavy metal concentrations: its application to the analysis of Pb, Cd, Cu, Zn and Mn in Antarctic snow. Korean J Pol Res 11:35-47

Hong S, Kim Y, Boutron CF, Ferrari CP, Petit JR, Barbante C, Rosman K, Lipenkov VY (2003) Climate-related variations in lead concentrations and sources in Vostok Antarctic ice from 65,000 to 240,000 years BP. Geophys Res Lett 30:2138. doi:10.1029/2003GL018411 crossref(new window)

Hong S, Boutron CF, Gabrielli P, Barbante C, Ferrari CP, Petit JR, Lee K, Lipenkov VY (2004) Past natural changes in Cu, Zn and Cd in Vostok Antarctic ice dated back to the penultimate interglacial period. Geophys Res Lett 31:L20111. doi:10.1029/2004GL021075 crossref(new window)

Hong S, Lee K, Hou S, Hur SD, Ren J, Burn LJ, Rosman K, Barbante C, Boutron CF (2009) An 800-year record of atmospheric As, Mo, Sn, and Sb in central Asia in high-altitude ice cores from Mt. Qomolangma (Everest), Himalayas. Environ Sci Technol 43:8060-8065 crossref(new window)

Hong SB, Lee K, Hur SD, Hong S, Soyol-Erdene T-O, Kim SM, Jung JW (2014) Development of advanced melting system for measurement of trace elements and ions in ice core. J Glaciol (Submitted)

Hur SD, Soyol-Erdene T-O, Hwang HJ, Han C, Gabrielli P, Barbante C, Boutron CF, Hong S (2013) Climate-related variations in atmospheric Sb and Tl in the EPICA Dome C ice (East Antarctica) during the past 800,000 years. Global Biogeochem Cy 27:930-940 crossref(new window)

Kadota T, Davaa G (2007) Recent glacier variations in Mongolia. Ann Glaciol 46:185-188 crossref(new window)

Kang S, Mayewski PA, Yan Y, Qin D, Yao T, Ren J (2003) Dust records from three ice cores: relationships to spring atmospheric circulation over the Northern Hemisphere. Atmos Environ 37:4823-4835 crossref(new window)

Kellerhals T, Tobler L, Brutsch S, Sigl M, Wacker L, Gaggeler HW, Schwikowski M (2010) Thallium as a tracer for preindustrial volcanic eruptions in an ice core record from Illimani, Bolivia. Environ Sci Technol 44:888-893 crossref(new window)

Kinnard C, Koerner RM, Zdanowicz CM, Fisher DA, Zheng J, Sharp MJ, Nicholson L, Lauriol B (2008) Stratigraphic analysis of an ice core from the Prince of Wales Icefield, Ellesmere Island, Arctic Canada, using digital image analysis: High-resolution density, past summer warmth reconstruction, and melt effect on ice core solid conductivity. J Geophys Res 113:D24120. doi:10.1029/2008JD011083 crossref(new window)

Koerner RM (1997), Some comment on climatic reconstructions from ice cores drilled in areas of high melt. J Glaciol 43:90-97

Kreutz KJ, Aizen VB, Cecil LD, Wake CP (2001) Oxygen isotopic and soluble ionic composition of a shallow firn core, Inilchek glacier, central Tien Shan. J Glaciol 47:548-554 crossref(new window)

Lee K, Hur SD, Hou S, Hong S, Qin X, Ren J, Liu Y, Rosman K, Barbante C, Boutron CF (2008) Atmospheric pollution for trace elements in the remote high-altitude atmosphere in central Asia as recorded in snow from Mt. Qomolangma (Everest) of the Himalayas. Sci Total Environ 404:171-181 crossref(new window)

Lee K, Hur SD, Hou S, Burn-Nunes LJ, Hong S, Barbante C, Boutron CF, Rosman K (2011) Isotopic signatures for natural versus anthropogenic Pb in high-altitude Mt. Everest ice cores during the past 800 years. Sci Total Environ 412-413:194-202 crossref(new window)

Legrand M, Mayewski P (1997) Glaciochemistry of polar ice cores: A review. Rev Geophys 35:219-243 crossref(new window)

McConnell JR, Lamorey GW, Lambert SW, Taylor KC (2002) Continuous ice-core analyses using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Environ Sci Technol 36:7-11 crossref(new window)

Moore JC, Mulvaney R, Paren JG (1989) Dielectric stratigraphy of ice: A new technique for determining total ionic concentrations in polar ice cores. Geophys Res Lett 16:1177-1180 crossref(new window)

Olivier S, Blaser C, Brutsch S, Frolova N, Gaggeler HW, Henderson KA, Palmer AS, Papina T, Schwikowski M (2006) Temporal variations of mineral dust, biogenic tracers, and anthropogenic species during the past two centuries from Belukha ice core, Siberian Altai. J Geophys Res 111:D05309. doi:10.1029/2005JD005830

Osterberg EC, Handley MJ, Sneed SB, Mayewski PA, Kreutz KJ (2006) Continuous ice core melter system with discrete sampling for major ion, trace element, and stable isotope analyses. Environ Sci Technol 40:3355-3361 crossref(new window)

Schotterer U, Frohlich K, Gaggeler HW, Sandjordj S, Stichler W (1997) Isotope records from Mongolian and alpine ice cores as climate indicators. Climatic Change 36:519-530 crossref(new window)

Schotterer U, Stichler W, Ginot P (2004) The influence of postdepositional effects on ice core studies: examples from the Alps, Andes, and Altai. In: Cecil LD, Green JR, Thompson LG (eds) Earth Paleoenvironments: Records Preserved in Mid-and Low-Latitude Glaciers, Developments in Paleoenvironmental Research, Volume 9, Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp 39-60

Shuji F, Nobuhiko A, Yoshiyuki F, Takao K, Kokichi K, Hideaki M, Hideki N, Hitoshi S, Okitsugu W (2002) Ice core processing at Dome Fuji Station, Antractica. Mem Natl Inst Polar Res 56:275-286

Stauffer B, Burkhalter J, Sigg A (1988) New Methods in Ice Core Processing. In: Proceeding of the Third International Workshop on Ice Drilling Technology, US Ice Drilling Program, pp 151-157

Tian L, Yao T, Li Z, MacClune K, Wu G, Xu B, Shen Y (2006) Recent rapid warming trend revealed from the isotopic record in Muztagata ice core, eastern Pamirs. J Geophys Res 111:D13103. doi:10.1029/2005JD006249 crossref(new window)

Thompson LG, Mosley-Thompson E, Davis M, Lin PN, Yao T, Dyurgerov M, Dai J (1993) "Recent warming": ice core evidence from tropical ice cores with emphasis on Central Asia. Global Planet Change 7:145-156 crossref(new window)

Wake CP, Mayewski PA, Zichu X, Ping X, Zhonggin L (1993) Regional distribution of monsoon and desert dust signals recorded in Asian glaciers. Geophys Res Lett 20:1411-1414 crossref(new window)