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Histopathologic Observation of the Mediterranean Mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis (Lamarck, 1819) During a Spawning Season
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  • Journal title : Ocean and Polar Research
  • Volume 36, Issue 2,  2014, pp.121-134
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • DOI : 10.4217/OPR.2014.36.2.121
 Title & Authors
Histopathologic Observation of the Mediterranean Mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis (Lamarck, 1819) During a Spawning Season
Jeung, Hee-Do; Lee, Jee-Yeon; Limpanont, Yanin; Park, Kyung-Il; Kang, Hyun-Sil; Kim, Chul-Won; Kim, Hyung-Seop; Choi, Kwang-Sik;
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 Abstract
Sessile marine bivalves including mussels, oysters and clams are often used as a sentinel species in coastal environmental monitoring since changes in the environmental quality are often well preserved in their tissues and shells. In this study, we investigated overall health condition of the Mediterranean Mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis on the south coast using histology. Reproductive condition as gonad index (GI), condition index (CI) as a ratio of the tissue weight to the shell weight, digestive gland atrophy (DGA), types of parasites, and pathologic conditions including erosion, necrosis, hemocyte infiltration, and neoplasia were examined from each histological preparation. GI decreased from March to July then increased from July to September and spawning mussel could be observed as early as in April and the activity continued until September. CI also followed the monthly changes in GI, indicating that decrease in CI was associated with the weight loss due to spawning. DGA increased from March to June, decreased in July and increased from July to September. High DGA values observed in June and September were coincided with spawning and high water temperature. Histology also showed high prevalence of erosion in the digestive gland in June (36.0%) and September (56.4%), suggesting that high water temperature and spawning acted as environmental stressors. No parasitic organism was identified during the survey, although some symbiotic copepods were observed. Histology was found to be useful and affordable technique in monitoring the overall health of mussel, providing useful pathologic information of the cells and tissues.
 Keywords
Mediterranean Mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis;health condition;histopathology;digestive gland atrophy;gonad index;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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