Study on Variation in Ship`s Course Keeping Ability under Waves Depending on Rudder Type Koo, Bonguk; Lee, Jonghyun; Kang, Donghoon;
The variation in the course keeping ability in relation to rudder type is investigated using simulations with 3 different types of rudders (a normal rudder, normal rudder with a plate, and Schilling rudder) under wave conditions. The simulation is developed based on an MMG model with Kijima`s regression model, along with the data from Son`s experiments and Kose`s experiments. A 3-D source distribution method is applied to calculate the source of the external wave forces for the simulation. The coefficients of an autopilot controller that may affect the course keeping ability are also estimated from the simulations with the different rudders. The course keeping ability is evaluated by comparing the forward distances while the ships are simulated with the rudders and autopilot controller.
IMO (International Maritime Organization) MSC 76/23, 2002. Resolution MSC.137(76), standards for ship maneuverability. Report of the maritime safety committee 76th session- annex 6
IMO, 2012a. Guidelines on the Method of Calculation of the Attained Energy Efficiency Design Index for new Ships. Resolution MEPC. 212(63)
IMO, 2012b. Air Pollutionand and Energy Efficiency. Marine Environment Protection Committee 64th Sesson Agenda Item 4, MEPC 64/4/13
Kijima, K., Nakiri, Y., 2002. On the Practiacl Prediction Method for Ship Maneuvering Characteristics. Transactions of the West-Japan Society of Naval Architects, 105, 21-31
Kose, K., Hosokawa, M., Yamada, H., Akifuji, K., 1992. A study on Performance Estimation of Special Rudders. Transactions of the West-Japan Society of Naval Architects, 84, 49-57
Lee, K., An, J., Yang, S., 2012. A study on the Development of Energy-Saving Device "Crown Duct". Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, 26(5), 1-4
Lee, S., Jo, H., Kang, D., 2003. A Study on the Motion of a Single Point Moored Ship in Irregular Waves. Journal of Korean Navigation and Port Research, 27(1), 55-61
Lee, S., Lee, G., Hwang, S., Kang, D., 2005. Development of the Rudder Roll Control System of a Vessel in Irregular Waves. Journal of Korean Navigation and Port Research, 29(10), 839-845
Matsumoto, N., Yumuro, A., 1987. interference Effects of Hydrodynamics between Hull, Rudder and Propeller. Proceedings of the 4th Marine Dynamics Symposium on the Prediction of Ship Maneuverability and its Applications, Tokyo Japan, 93-131
Mathematical Modeling Group (MMG), 1980. MMG Report V. Bulletin of the Society of Naval Architecture of Japan, 616, 565-576.
Nagarajan, V., Kang, D., Hasegawa, K., Nabeshima, K., 2008. Comparison of the Mariner Schilling Rudder and the Mariner rudder for VLCCs in Strong winds. Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 13, 24-39
Son, K., Nomoto, K., 1981. On the Coupled Motion of Steering Rolling of a High Speed Container Ship. Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Japan, 150, 232-244.