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Underwater 3D Reconstruction for Underwater Construction Robot Based on 2D Multibeam Imaging Sonar
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 Title & Authors
Underwater 3D Reconstruction for Underwater Construction Robot Based on 2D Multibeam Imaging Sonar
Song, Young-eun; Choi, Seung-Joon;
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 Abstract
This paper presents an underwater structure 3D reconstruction method using a 2D multibeam imaging sonar. Compared with other underwater environmental recognition sensors, the 2D multibeam imaging sonar offers high resolution images in water with a high turbidity level by showing the reflection intensity data in real-time. With such advantages, almost all underwater applications, including ROVs, have applied this 2D multibeam imaging sonar. However, the elevation data are missing in sonar images, which causes difficulties with correctly understanding the underwater topography. To solve this problem, this paper concentrates on the physical relationship between the sonar image and the scene topography to find the elevation information. First, the modeling of the sonar reflection intensity data is studied using the distances and angles of the sonar beams and underwater objects. Second, the elevation data are determined based on parameters like the reflection intensity and shadow length. Then, the elevation information is applied to the 3D underwater reconstruction. This paper evaluates the presented real-time 3D reconstruction method using real underwater environments. Experimental results are shown to appraise the performance of the method. Additionally, with the utilization of ROVs, the contour and texture image mapping results from the obtained 3D reconstruction results are presented as applications.
 Keywords
Underwater topography;3D Reconstruction;ROV;2D Multibeam Imaging Sonar;Underwater Construction Robot;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
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