The Variability of CDOM Along the Salinity Gradients of the Seomjin River Estuary During Dry and Wet Seasons

Title & Authors
The Variability of CDOM Along the Salinity Gradients of the Seomjin River Estuary During Dry and Wet Seasons
Lee, Jae Hwan; Park, Mi Ok;

Abstract
The distribution patterns of Chromophoric Dissolved Organic Matter (CDOM) and the chemical characteristics of CDOM in the Seomjin river estuary were investigated in March, June and July 2012 in order to determine the spatial and temporal variability of CDOM along the salinity gradient considering the effects of mixing, nutrients and Chl a. The average CDOM values were $\small{1.0{\pm}0.3m^{-1}}$, $\small{1.3{\pm}0.4m^{-1}}$, and $\small{1.4{\pm}0.3m^{-1}}$ in March, June and July, respectively. A high concentration of CDOM (greater than $\small{1.5m^{-1}}$) was found at the head of the river which decreased towards the river mouth to as low as less than $\small{0.5m^{-1}}$. The average concentrations of CDOM increased from the dry season (March and June) to the wet season (July), and the average slope values ($\small{S_{300-500}}$), which were used as indicators of CDOM characteristics and sources, were in the range of $\small{0.013-0.018m^{-1}}$. The CDOM and $\small{S_{300-50}}$ values showed that not only the concentration of CDOM but also the chemical properties of DOM clearly changed between upstream and downstream in the Seomjin river. CDOM and FDOM showed a negative correlation with salinity ($\small{R^2}$ > 0.8), and CDOM was positively correlated with FDOM. Furthermore, the mixing pattern of CDOM was confirmed as conservative for all seasons. The main environmental factors influencing the concentration of CDOM was confirmed as conservative for all seasons. The main environmental factors influencing the concentration of CDOM were salinity (mixing) and water temperature, which meant the dilution of low CDOM seawater, was the controlling factor for the spatial distribution of CDOM. Increases in water temperature seemed to induce the production of CDOM during summer (June and July) through the biological degradation of DOM either by microbial activity or photo-degradation.
Keywords
CDOM;FDOM;Salinity;Slope;Chlorophyll a;Seomjin river estuary;
Language
Korean
Cited by
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