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A Study of Ship Wave Crest Pattern
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 Title & Authors
A Study of Ship Wave Crest Pattern
Lee, Byeong Wook; Lee, Changhoon;
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Kelvin`s (1887) theory that predicts position of ship wave crest can be applied only in deep water. Havelock`s (1907) theory that predicts cusp locus angle can be applied in whole water depths but cannot predict the position of ship wave crest. In this study, using the linear dispersion fully, we develop the equations to predict ship wave crest in whole water depths and, using the developed equations, we predict cusp locus angle. We simulate ship wave propagation using FLOW-3D in the condition of Johnson`s (1985) hydraulic experiment and find that the cusp locus angles predicted by the present theory are close to numerical results of FLOW-3D and hydraulic experimental data. We also simulate for various conditions and compare numerical results of distances between adjacent wave crests and values predicted by the present theory. For Froude number less than unity, the numerical results are close to the values predicted by the theory. For Froude number greater than unity, the constant value of which determines the distance between the ship and the first ship wave crest is almost equal to zero and the numerical results of distances between adjacent ship waves excluding the first ship are close to the values predicted by the theory.
equations for ship wave crest;cusp locus angle;whole water depths;numerical simulation using FLOW-3D;
 Cited by
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Johnson, J.W. (1958). Ship waves in navigation channels. Proc. of 6th Conf. on Coastal Eng., Florida, 666-690.

Kelvin (1887). On the waves produced by a single impulse in water of any depth. Proc. Royal Society of London, 42, 80-83. crossref(new window)

Lamb, H. (1945). Hydrodynamics. Dover Publications, New York.

Lee, B.W., Lee, C., Kim, Y.J., and Ko, K.O. (2013). Prediction of ship wave crests on varying water depths and verification by FLOW-3D. J. of the Korean Society of Civil Engineers, 33(4), 1447-1454 (in Korean). crossref(new window)

Lee, C., Lee, B.W., Kim, Y.J., and Ko, K.O. (2011). Ship wave crests in intermediate-depth water. Proc. 6th International Conference on Asian and Pacific Coasts, Hong Kong, 1818-1825.

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