JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
A Study on the Heat Release Characteristic of Household Items using LSC(Large Scale Cone Calorimeter)
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
A Study on the Heat Release Characteristic of Household Items using LSC(Large Scale Cone Calorimeter)
Park, Ju Young; Baek, Chang Sun; Lee, Hae Pyeong; Hong, Yi Pyo;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
For this study, fire tests were performed targeting household items (Sofa, Drawer, Refrigerator, Washing machine) using a large cone calorimeter (Large Scale Cone Calorimeter, LSC). The data were obtained focusing on the fire characteristic of the data when the actual fire occurs. The study results showed the following mean HRR of the household items; drawer 2843 KW, sofa 2939 KW, washing machine 719 KW, refrigerator 2907 KW, and THR is found in sofa 2202 MJ, drawer 1559 MJ, refrigerator 1193 MJ, washing machine 627 MJ. From the result, it could be found that the sofa can cause significant heat generation when the fire occurs, and the flashover tendency was found relatively high in compartment fire. In addition, a weight of the four our household items was reduced sharply in a similar time (20min before and after) degree after ignition. The drawer and sofa which has a high heat release can be considered to speed up the fire spread as their weight decrease rapidly and showed relatively weak to the fire compared to the refrigerator and washing machine.
 Keywords
large scale cone calorimeter;household items;heat release rate;total heat release;mass loss;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
"Fire Statistics Yearbook", NEMA, 2013.

2.
National Fire Information System, http://www.firedata.go.kr.

3.
W. K. Chow, "Design Fire in Performance based Fire Safety Design for Green and Sustainable Buildings", The 23ed Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture, Geneva, Switzerland, 2006.

4.
T. Tanaka, "Integration of FIre Risk Concept into Performance-Base Evacuation Safety Design of Buildings", 10th IAFSS Symposium, Maryaldn, USA, 2011.

5.
V. Barauskas and R. D. Peacock, "Heat Release Rate : the Single Most Important Variable in Fire Hazard", Fire Safety J. Vol. 18, pp. 255-272, 1992. crossref(new window)

6.
S. C. Kim, "Application of Numerical Model for the Effective Design of Large Scale Fire Calorimeter", J. Kor. Inst. Fire Sci. Eng., Vol. 24, No. 6, pp. 10-15, 2010.

7.
S. C. Kim and M. Bundy, "Numerical Model of a Large-Scale Oxygen Consumption Fire Calorimeter", J. Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, Vol. 93, No. 3, pp. 1013-1019, 2008. crossref(new window)

8.
E. J. Lee, "Design of Large Cone Calorimeter for the Fire Study", J. Kor. Inst. Fire Sci. Eng., Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 10-15, 2006.

9.
B. I. Choi, Y. S. Han and M. B. Kim, "Heat Release Rate Measurements of Residential Combustibles", J. Kor. Inst. Fire Sci. Eng., Vol.22, No. 2, pp. 10-15, 2008.

10.
K. C. Noh, C. Hoon. S. C. Kim and D. H. Lee, "Calculation of Uncertainty in Measuring Heat Release Rate in Room Corner Test", Kor. Inst. Fire Sci. Eng., Vol. 26, No. 1, pp. 10-15, 2012.

11.
V. Babrauskas, "Combustion of Mattresses Exposed to Flaming Ignition Sources, Part I. Full-Scale Tests and Hazard Analysis", NBS, NBSIR, pp. 77-1290, 1977.

12.
K. W. Lee, K. E. Kim, D. H. Lee, "Combustion Characteristics of Fiber Reinforced Plastic by Cone Calorimeter", Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 68-72, 2004.

13.
R. V Petrella, "The Assessment of Full-scale Fire Hazards from Cone Calorimeter Data"