Analysis of Electrical and Thermal Signal for Series Arc in Electrical Contact

Title & Authors
Analysis of Electrical and Thermal Signal for Series Arc in Electrical Contact
Kim, Doo Hyun; Hwang, Dong Kyu;

Abstract
This paper is aimed to analyze the electrical and thermal signal such as ignition possibility, ignition time, thermal characteristics and arc fault power that are associated with electrical fire in case of the occurrence of series arc at IV wiring used for interior wiring at commercial power source. In order to analyze the signal, series arc was induced by generating the constant vibration through vibrating device in the one phase (R phase) and ignition possibility was analyzed along the condition of current value by adding cotton material to the contact point of wiring. The ignition time is shortened as the electric current value increased, burning time is not associated with current value and the temperature rose up to $\small{740^{\circ}C}$ though it was not ignited. It was checked out that the temperature was the energy source enough that can generate the fire related with insulation aging of wiring and the inflammable. The possibility of electrical fire by series arc was shown as more than 12% at 5A, more than 42% at 20A and arc showed 27W at 5A, 180W at 20A. It was confirmed that the possibility of electrical fire exists at the condition as above and the circuit breaker did not operate. This data can be used as the reference value for the investigation of electrical fire or development of the circuit breaker.
Keywords
series arc;electrical fire;ignitability;ignition time;ignition temperature;
Language
Korean
Cited by
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