JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Ultraviolet-B Radiation Acclimation to Fresh Water Daphnia magna Simultaneously Exposed to Several Heavy Metals and UV-B Radiation
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of Ultraviolet-B Radiation Acclimation to Fresh Water Daphnia magna Simultaneously Exposed to Several Heavy Metals and UV-B Radiation
Kim, Jung-Kon; Lee, Min-Jung; Oh, So-Rin; Choi, Kyung-Ho;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Many environmental contaminants including several metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and pharmaceuticals, have been identified to be phototoxic in the water environment. Concerns regarding photo-enhancement of toxicity of several environmental contaminants have been increasing because of the increased level of ultraviolet irradiation on the earth surface. However, there exist arguments that there might be certain defense mechanisms taking place in the aquatic ecosystem, which may include behavioral characteristics or genetic acclimation. This study was conducted to understand the potential responses of aquatic receptors to several phototoxic metals in the real environment, where long-term acclimation of such organisms to low dose UV-B may take place. For this purpose, water flea Daphnia magna was acclimated to environmentally relevant dose of UV-B (12 to ) for >11 generations. The differences in developmental and life history characteristics, and toxicity responses were evaluated. Acclimation did not affect the daphnids` growth, longevity, and reproduction characteristics such as time to first brood, and brood size: After 21 d, survival of D. magna was not influenced by UV-B acclimation. When the number of young per female was compared. the daphnids acclimated for 11 generations tend to produce less number of neonates than the un-acclimated individuals but with no statistical significance (p>0.05). Four metals that were reported to be phototoxic elsewhere were employed in this evaluation, that include As, Cd. Cu, and Ni. UV-B level being applied in acclimation did increase the toxicity of Cd and Cu, significantly (p<0.05). However, the toxicities of As and Ni were not affected by irradiation of UV-B. Phototoxic responses were evaluated between the acclimated and the un-acclimated daphnids. For Cu, UV-B acclimation led to reduction of the photo-induced toxicity in daphnids. Non-acclimated Daphnia were affected by 50% at 4.18 ug/l Cu. but UV-B acclimated individuals exhibited of 5.89 ug/l. With Cd, UV-B acclimation appeared to increase phototoxicity (p>0.05). With As and Ni, UV-B acclimation did not influence photo-induced toxicity. This observation may be in part explained by the type of reactive oxygen species that were generated by each metal. Similar to UV-B light, Cu is known to generate superoxide anion by acting as redox cycling toxicant. This is one of the first studies that employed_laboratory based UV-B acclimated test species for photoenhanced toxicity evaluation.
 Keywords
Daphnia magna;ultraviolet-B;acclimation;photoenhanced toxicity;reactive oxygen species;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
물벼룩을 이용한 bisphenol A의 급성독성 평가,황갑수;

한국환경보건학회지, 2007. vol.33. 5, pp.392-396 crossref(new window)
1.
Acclimation to ultraviolet irradiation affects UV-B sensitivity of Daphnia magna to several environmental toxicants, Chemosphere, 2009, 77, 11, 1600  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Lynn, S., Lai, H. T., Kao, S. M., Lai, J. and Jan, K. Y. : Cadmium inhibits DNA strand break rejoining in methyl methanesulfonate-treated CHO-K1 cells. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 144, 171-176, 1997 crossref(new window)

2.
McCloskey, J. T. and Oris, J. T. : Effect of anthracene and solar ultraviolet radiation exposure on gill ATPase and selected hematologic measurements in the bluegill sunfish (Lepomis macrochirus). Aquatic Toxicology, 24, 207-218, 1993 crossref(new window)

3.
Choi, J. and Oris, J. T. : Evidence of oxidative stress in Bluegill sunfish (Lepomis macrochirus) liver microsomes simultaneously exposed to solar ultraviolet radiation and anthracene. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 19, 1795-1799, 2000 crossref(new window)

4.
Choi, W.-H., Ann, H.-S., Choi, T.-Y., Jin, S.-Y. and Ahn, R.-M. : Effects of natural extracts on UVBinduced pigmentation and inflammation in C57BL/6 mouse skin. Korean Journal of Environmental Health, 32, 492-498, 2006

5.
Weinstein, J. E., Oris, J. T. and Taylor, D. H. : An ultrastructural examination of the mode of action of UV-induced toxic action of fluoranthene in the fathead minnow. Pimephales promelas. Aquatic Toxicology, 39, 1-22, 1997 crossref(new window)

6.
Little, E. E., Cleveland, L., Calfee, R. and Barron, M. G. : Assessment of the photoenhanced toxicity of a weathered oil to the tidewater silverside. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 19, 926-932, 2000 crossref(new window)

7.
Calfee, R. D., Little, E. E., Cleveland, L. and Barron, M. G. : Photoenhanced toxicity of a weathered oil on Ceriodaphnia dubia reproduction. Environmental Science & Technology, 6, 207-212, 1999 crossref(new window)

8.
Huovinen, P. S., Soimasuo, M. R. and Oikari, A. O. J. : Photoinduced toxicity of retene to Daphnia magna under enhanced UV-B radiation. Chemosphere, 45, 683-691, 2001 crossref(new window)

9.
Ahrens, M. J., Nieuwenhuis, R. and Hickey, C. W. : Sensitivity of juvenile Macomona liliana (bivalvia) to UV-photoactivated fluoranthene toxicity. Environmental Toxicology, 17, 567-577, 2002 crossref(new window)

10.
Hansen, L. J., Whitehead, A. and Anderson, S. L. : Solar UV radiation enhances the toxicity of arsenic in Ceriodaphnia dubia. Ecotoxicology, 11, 279-287, 2002 crossref(new window)

11.
Chin, Y.-P., Aiken, G. and Danielsen, K. : Binding of pyrene to aquatic and commercial humic substanced: the role of molecular weight and aromaticity. Environmental Science & Technology, 31, 1630-1635, 1997 crossref(new window)

12.
Oris, J. T. and Giesy, J. P. : Photoenhanced toxicity of anthracene to juvenile sunfish (Lepomis spp.). Aquatic Toxicology, 6, 133-146, 1985 crossref(new window)

13.
Ankley, G. T., Tietge, J. E., DeFoe, D. L., Jensen, K. M., Holcombe, G. W., Durhan, E. J. and Diamond, S. A. : Effects of ultraviolet light and methoprene on survival and development of Rana pipiens. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 17, 2530-2542, 1998 crossref(new window)

14.
Arfsten, D. P., Schaeffer, D. J. and Mulveny, D. C. : The effects of near ultraviolet radiation on the toxic effects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in animals and plants: a review. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 33, l-24, 1996 crossref(new window)

15.
Klerks, P. L. and Weis, J. S. : Genetic adaptation to heavy metals in aquatic organisms: A review. Environmental Pollution, 45, 173-205, 1987 crossref(new window)

16.
McDonald, B. and Chapman, P. : PAH phototoxicityan ecologically irrelevant phenomenon? Marine Pollution Bulletin, 44, 1321-1326, 2002 crossref(new window)

17.
Baud, A. R. and Beck, M. L. : Interactive effects of UV-B and copper on spring peeper tadpoles (Pseudacris crucifer). Southweastern Naturalist, 4, 15-22, 2005 crossref(new window)

18.
Hartmann, M. and Hartwig, A. : Disturbance of DNA damage recognition after UV-irradiation by nickel(II) and cadmium(II) in mammalian cells. Carcinogenesis, 19, 617-621, 1998 crossref(new window)

19.
Lee, E.-J., Ko, S.-O., Kang, H.-M., Lee, J.-K., Lim, K.-H., Lee, B.-S. and Kim, L.-H. : Washoff characteristic of metal pollutants in highways. Journal of Korean Society on Water Quality, 22, 128-133, 2006

20.
Kim, K. T., Kim, E. S., Cho, S. R., Chung, K. H. and Park, J. K. : Distribution and pollution of heavy metals in the environmental samples of the lake Shihwa. Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environmental Engineering, 8, 148-157, 2005

21.
Nam, S. H. : A study on evaluation technique of biotoxicity by Daphnia magna to heavy metal in wastewater. Korean Journal of Environmental Health, 15, 25-31, 1989

22.
US-EPA : Methods for Measuring the Acute Toxicity of Effluents and Receiving Waters to Freshwater and Marine Organisms, In: EPA-821-R-02-012, Office of Research and Development. Washington DC, USA: US EPA, 2002

23.
OECD : OECD guidelines for testing of chemicals (Daphnia magna reproduction test), In: Guideline 211. Paris, France : Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, 1998

24.
Hamilton, M. A., Russo, R. C. and Thurston, R. V. : Trimmed Spearman-Karber method for estimating median lethal concentrations in toxicity bioassays. Environmental Science & Technology, 11, 714-919, 1977 crossref(new window)

25.
Barata, C., Varo, I., Navarro, J. C., Arun, S. and Porte, C. : Antioxidant enzyme activities and lipid peroxidation in the freshwater cladoceran Daphnia magna exposed to redox cycling compounds. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Toxicology & Pharmacology, 140, 175-186, 2005 crossref(new window)

26.
Horio, T. and Okamoto, H. : Oxygen intermediates are involved in ultraviolet radiation-induced damage of Langerhans cells. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 88, 699-702, 1987 crossref(new window)

27.
Stohs, S. J. and Bagchi, D. : Oxidative mechanisms in the toxicity of metal ions. Free Radical Biology & Medicine, 18, 321-336, 1995 crossref(new window)

28.
Perrin, S. and Lean, D. R. S. : The effects of ultraviolet-B radiation on freshwater ecosystems of the Arctic: influence from stratospheric Ozone depletion and climate change. Environmental Reviews, 12, 1-70, 2004 crossref(new window)

29.
Tyrrell, R. M. and Pidoux, M. : Singlet oxygen involvement in the inactivation of cultured human fibroblasts by UVA (334nm, 365nm) and near-visible (405nm) radiations. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 49, 407-412, 1989 crossref(new window)

30.
Kim, Y., Lee, M., Choi, K., Eo, S. and Lee, H. : Assessment of Korean water quality standards for effluent discharged from the dye industry based on acute aquatic toxicity tests using microbes and macroinvertebrates. Korean Journal of Environmental Health, 30, 185-190, 2004

31.
Duan, Y., Guttman, S., Oris, J., Huang, X. and Burton, G. : Genotype and toxicity relationships among Hyalella azteca: II. Acute exposure to fluoranthenecontaminated sediment. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 19, 1422-1426, 2000 crossref(new window)

32.
Schlueter, M. A., Guttman, S. I., Duan, Y., Oris, J. T., Huang, X. and Burton, G. A. : Effects of acute exposure to fluoranthene-contaminated sediment on the survival and genetic variability of fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas). Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 19, 1011-1018, 2000 crossref(new window)

33.
Cadet, J. and Vigny, P. : The photochemistry of nucleic acids, In: Morrison, H. (ed) Bioorganic Photochemistry, volume 1, Photochemistry and the Nucleic Acids. New York, Wiley Interscience, 1-120, 1990

34.
Guttman, S. : Population genetic structure and ecotoxicology. Environmental Health Perspectives, 102, 97-100, 1994

35.
Leech, D. M. and Williamson, C. E. : In situ exposure to ultraviolet radiation alters the depth distribution of Daphnia. Limnology and Oceanography, 46, 416-420, 2001 crossref(new window)

36.
Perin, S. and Lean, D. R. S. : The effects of ultraviolet-B radiation on freshwater ecosystems of the Arctic: Influence from stratospheric ozone depletion and climate change. Environmental Reviews, 12, 1-70, 2004 crossref(new window)

37.
Ankley, G., Erickson, R., Phipps, G., Mattson, V., Kosian, P., Sheedy, B. and Cox, J. : Effects of light intensity on the phototoxicity of fluoranthene to a benthic macroinvertebrate. Environmental Science & Technology, 29, 2828-2833, 1995 crossref(new window)