JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
A Comparison of Cotton Dust Concentrations Measured by Three Dust Samplers
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
A Comparison of Cotton Dust Concentrations Measured by Three Dust Samplers
Phee, Young-Gyu; Kim, Hyun-Wook; Byeon, Sang-Hoon;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This study was undertaken to compare the performance of three dust samplers for collecting cotton dust fibers. For this study, three dust samplers including Vertical Elutriator (VE), Total Dust Method (TDM) using 37 mm cassette, and the Institute of Occupational Medicine (IOM) sampler were selected. A total of 6 cotton mills and 4 towel factories were investigated. When measured by VE, the GM for cotton dust was 0.19 which was less than the current occupational exposure limit (OEL) 0.2 . But when measured by TDM and IOM at the same locations, the GMs were 0.37 and 0.63 , respectively. In Korea, most industrial hygienists have used the TDM for cotton dust measurements and the results were compared with either the TLV for cotton dust or the PNOC (particulates not otherwise classified) of 10 for making decisions. The results of this study clearly showed that past cotton dust measurements and decisions made with such results were not correct. It needs to be noticed the related contents by using VE if it applies to the exposure limit, 0.2 , and needs to be revised the exposure limit by IOM. Also, if TDM is used, it requires to be studied and suggested to the new OEL.
 Keywords
cotton dust;vertical elutriator;total dust sampler;IOM sampler;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
우리나라 실리콘카바이드 취급사업장의 공기 중 분진 노출평가,이준정;피영규;

한국산업보건학회지, 2011. vol.21. 3, pp.177-183
 References
1.
OSHA : Regulations (Standards-29 Code of Federal Regulation) Cotton dust. 1910.1043, 2006

2.
Imbus, H. R. : Cotton dust. American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, 47, 712-716, 1986 crossref(new window)

3.
Schilling, R. S. F., Hughes, J. P. W., Dingwall Fordyce,I., Gilson, I. C. : Epidemiological study of byssinosis among Lancashire cotton workers. British Journal of Industrial Medicine, 12, 217-227, 1955

4.
Cinkotai, F. F., Rigby, A., Pickering, C. A. C., Seaborn,D., Faragher, E. : Recent trends in the prevalence of byssinotic symptoms in the lancashire textile industry. British Journal of Industrial Medicine, 45, 782-789, 1988

5.
Niven, R. M. : Pickering CAC Byssinosis: a review. Thorax, 51, 632-637, 1996 crossref(new window)

6.
NIOSH : Occupational Exposure to Cotton Dust. 75-118, 1974

7.
Ministry of Labor : Working environment measurement in Korea. 2004

8.
Ministry of Labor : Industrial Safety and Health Law. 2007

9.
Ministry of Labor : Results of the health examination of labors. 2006

10.
Neefus, J. D., Lumsden, J. C., Jones, M. T. J. : Cotton dust sampling. II-vertical elutriatior. American Industrial Hygiene Associcaltion Journal, 38(8), 394-400, 1977 crossref(new window)

11.
HSE : Control of Cotton and Wool Process Dusts. QC742/2, 2007

12.
JSOH : Recommendation of Occupational Exposure Limits. Journal of Occupational Health, 2006

13.
Merchant, J. A., Lumsden, J. C., Kilburn, J. H. : An industrial study of the biological effects of cotton dust and cigarettes. Journal of Occupational Medicine, 15, 212-221, 1973

14.
ACGIH : Threshold Limit Values for chemical substances and physical agents & Biological Exposure Indices. Cincinnati. 2007

15.
Butcher, B. T., Salvaggio, J. E. : Occupational asthma. The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology, 78, 547-556, 1986 crossref(new window)

16.
Roach, S. A., Schilling, R. S. F. : A clinical and environmental study of byssinosis in the Lancashire cotton industry. British Journal of Industrial Medicine, 17, 1-9, 1960

17.
Molyneux, M. K., Berry, G. : The correlation of cotton dust exposures with the prevalence of respiratory symptoms. Proceeding II, International Conferenceon Respiratory Diseases in Textile Workers, 177-183, 1972

18.
Niven, R. M., Fletcher, A. M., Pickering, C. A., Fishwick, D., Francis, H. C., Warburton, C. J., Oldham, L.A. : A comparison of performance of two personal sampling heads for cotton dust. The Annals of Occupational Hygiene, 42, 253-258, 1998 crossref(new window)

19.
Ogden, T. L., Bartlett, I. W., Purnell, C. J., Wells, C.J., Armitage, F., Wolfson, H. : Dust from cotton manufacture:changing from static to personal sampling.The Annals of Occupational Hygiene, 37, 271-285, 1993 crossref(new window)

20.
Astrakianakis, G., Seixas, N., Camp, J., Smith, T. J.,Bartlett, K., Checkoway, H. : Cotton dust and endotoxin levels in three Shanghai textile factories: a comparison of samplers. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 3, 418-427, 2006 crossref(new window)

21.
Mehta, A. J., Wang, X. R., Eisen, E. A., Dai, H. L.,Astrakianakis, G., Seixas, N., Camp, J., Checkoway,H., Christiani, D. C. : Work area measurements as predictors of personal exposure to endotoxin and cotton dust in the cotton textile industry. The Annals of Occupational Hygiene, 52, 45-54, 2008 crossref(new window)

22.
Abdel-Kader, H. M., Rando, R. J., Hammad, Y. Y. :Long-term cotton dust exposure in the textile industry. American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, 48, 545-550, 1987 crossref(new window)