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The Whitening Effect of Angelicae dahuricae Radix Water Extract in Brown Guinea Pigs
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 Title & Authors
The Whitening Effect of Angelicae dahuricae Radix Water Extract in Brown Guinea Pigs
Kim, Pil-Sun; Kim, Young-Chul;
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the whitening effect of Angelicae dahuricae Radix water extract (ADWE) by its application on artificial tanning spots which were induced by 1,500 of UVB radiation on the backs of brown guinea pigs weighing approximately 450~500 g. Thirty of ADWE, at each application, were applied twice a day, 5 days a week, for 8 weeks to the guinea pigs. The artificial tanning spots were divided into 3 groups which were vehicle control group [propylene glycol: ethanol: water (5:3:2)], positive control group (2% hydroquinone) and experimental group (2% ADWE). The visible whitening effect and changes in melanin index were evaluated once a week. On completion of the experiment, the animals were sacrificed under anesthetization, and the artificial tanning spots were excised by biopsy punch and stained with Hematoxylin and Eosin (H&E) to observe histological change and also stained with Fontana-Masson`s silver (F-M) and S-100 to observe melanin pigmentation and melanocytes. In the gross observation, the experimental group showed higher pigmentation than the positive control group but lower pigmentation than the vehicle control group. Histological observation confirmed that ADWE had a positive whitening effect by showing a lower distribution of melanin and melanocytes in the epidermis of experimental group than in the vehicle control group.
Angelicae dahuricae Radix;brown guinea pig;melanin;whitening effect;
 Cited by
백지 에탄올추출물의 미백효능 연구,김필순;

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