Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Asbestos is Still with Us: Repeat Call for a Universal Ban
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Asbestos is Still with Us: Repeat Call for a Universal Ban
Ramazzini, Collegium;
  PDF(new window)
All forms of asbestos are proven human carcinogens. All forms of asbestos cause malignant mesothelioma, lung, laryngeal, and ovarian cancers, and may cause gastrointestinal and other cancers. No exposure to asbestos is without risk, and there is no safe threshold of exposure to asbestos. Asbestos cancer victims die painful lingering deaths. These deaths are almost entirely preventable. When evidence of the carcinogenicity of asbestos became incontrovertible, concerned parties, including the Collegium Ramazzini, called for a universal ban on the mining, manufacture and use of asbestos in all countries around the world. Asbestos is now banned in 52 countries, and safer products have replaced many materials that once were made with asbestos. Nonetheless, a large number of countries still use, import, and export asbestos and asbestos-containing products. And still today in many countries that have banned other forms of asbestos, the so-called "controlled use" of chrysotile asbestos continues to be permitted, an exemption that has no basis in medical science but rather reflects the political and economic influence of the asbestos mining and manufacturing industry. To protect the health of all people in the world, industrial workers, construction workers, women and children, now and in future generations - the Collegium Ramazzini calls again today on all countries of the world, as we have repeatedly in the past, to join in the international endeavor to ban all forms of asbestos. An international ban on asbestos is urgently needed.
asbestos;asbestosis;asbestos-related diseases;ban;cancer;chrysotile;
 Cited by
Collegium Ramazzini : Call for an international ban on asbestos. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 41(10), 830-832, 1999. crossref(new window)

Straif, K., Benbrahim-Tallaa, L., Baan, R., Grosse, Y., Secretan, B., El Ghissassi, F., Bouvard, V., Guha, N., Freeman, C., Galichet, L. and Cogliano, V. : WHO International Agency for Research on Cancer Monograph Working Group. A review of human carcinogens--part C: metals, arsenic, dusts, and fibres. Lancet Oncology, 10(5), 453-454, 2009. crossref(new window)

EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). Airborne Asbestos Health Assessment Update. EPA/6000/8- 84/003E, EPA, Washington, D.C., June, 1986.

IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). Asbestos: Monograph on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risk to Man. Vol. 14. Lyon, France: IARC, 1977.

NTP (National Toxicology Program). Report on Carcinogens, 1ST ed. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, 1980.

Welch, L. S. : Asbestos exposure causes mesothelioma, but not this asbestos exposure: An amicus brief to the Michigan Supreme Court. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 13, 318-327, 2007. crossref(new window)

Hillerdal, G. : Mesothelioma: cases associated with non-occupational and low dose exposures. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 56(8), 505- 513, 1999. crossref(new window)

Egilman, D., Fehnel, C. and Bohme, S. R. : Exposing the "myth" of ABC, "anything but chrysotile": a critique of the Canadian asbestos mining industry and McGill University chrysotile studies. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 44, 540-557, 2003.

Goldberg, M., Banaei, A., Goldberg, S., Anvert, B., Luce, D. and Gueguen, A. : Past occupational exposure to asbestos among men in France. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 26, 52-61, 2000. crossref(new window)

Driscoll, T., Nelson, D. I., Steenland, K., Leigh, J., Concha-Barrientos, M. and Fingerhut, M. : The global burden of disease due to occupational carcinogens. Ammerican Journal of Industrial Medicine, 48(6), 419-431, 2005. crossref(new window)

Rake, C., Gilham, C., Hatch, J., Darnton, A., Hodgson, J. and Peto, J. : Occupational, domestic and environmental mesothelioma risks in the British population: a case-control study. British Journal of Cancer, 100(7), 1175-1183, 2009. crossref(new window)

Tossavainen, A. : Global use of asbestos and incidence of mesothelioma. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 10, 22- 25, 2004. crossref(new window)

Tossavainen, A. : Asbestos, asbestosis and cancer: the Helsinki criteria for diagnosis and attribution. Consensus report. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 23, 311-316, 1997. crossref(new window)

Leigh, J. and Driscoll, T. : Malignant mesothelioma in Australia, 1945-2002. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 9(3), 206- 217, 2003. crossref(new window)

Stayner, L., Smith, R., Bailer, J., Gilbert, S., Steenland, K., Dement, J., Brown, D. and Lemen, R. : Exposure-response analysis of risk of respiratory disease associated with occupational exposure to chrysotile asbestos. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 54, 646-652, 1997. crossref(new window)

WHO (World Health Organization). Environmental Health Critera 203: Chrysotile Asbestos. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO, 1998.

Pasetto, R., Comba, P. and Marconi, A. : Mesothelioma associated with environmental exposures. Medicina Lavora, 96(4), 330-337, 2005.

Camus, M., Siemiatycki, J. and Meek, B. : Nonoccupational exposure to chrysotile asbestos and the risk of lung cancer. New England Journal of Medicine, 338, 1565-1571, 1998. crossref(new window)

Marier, M., Charney, W., Rousseau, R., Lanthier, R., Van Raalte, J. : Exploratory sampling of asbestos in residences near Thetford Mines: The public health threat in Quebec. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 13, 386- 397, 2007. crossref(new window)

Driece, H. A., Siesling, S., Swuste, P. H. and Burdorf, A. : Assessment of cancer risks due to environmental exposure to asbestos. Journal of Experimental Science and Environmental Epidemiology, 2009; in press.

ACGIH (American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists). Asbestos: TLV Chemical Substances 7th Edition Documentation. Publication#7DOC-040. Cincinnati OH: ACGIH, 2001.

ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry). Toxicological Profile for Asbestos. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA, 2001.

ILO (International Labour Organization). ILO adopts new measures on occupational safety and health, the employment relationship, asbestos. International Labour Organization, 2006. http://

ISSA (International Social Security Association). Declaration sur l'amiante, Pekin, Septembre 16, 2004.

NTP (National Toxicology Program). Report on Carcinogens, 11th ed. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, 2004.

NCI (National Cancer Institute). Factsheet-Asbestos: Questions and Answers. Bethesda, MD: National Institutes of Health, 2003.

OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration). Occupational exposure to asbestos: Final rule. Federal Register, 59, 40964-41162, 1994.

UNEP (United Nations Environment Program), ILO (International Labor Office), WHO (World Health Organization). Chrysotile Asbestos, Environmental Health Criteria 203. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO, 1998.

WHO (World Health Organization). Elimination of Asbestos Related Diseases. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO, 2006.

WTO (World Trade Organization). European Communities- Measures Affecting Asbestos and Asbestos-containing Products. WT/DS135/R. 2000.

McCulloch, J. : Saving the asbestos industry, 1960 to 2006. Public Health Reports, 121, 609-614, 2006. crossref(new window)

Renner, R. : Chrysotile on ice. Enviromental Health Perspectives, 115(3), 130, 2007.

Gibbs, G. W. and Berry, G. : Mesothelioma and asbestos. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol, 52(1 Suppl), S223-31, 2008. crossref(new window)

Chrysotile Institute. The crusade against chrysotile must end. Newsletter. 7(2), 2, 2008. EN.pdf

Bang, K. M., Pinheiro, G. A., Wood, J. M. and Syamlal, G. : Malignant mesotheilioma mortality in the United States, 1999-2001. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 12(1), 2-15, 2006.

Landrigan, P., Nicholson, W. J., Suzuki, Y. and LaDou, J. : The hazards of chrysotile asbestos: a critical review. Industrial Health, 37, 271-280, 1999. crossref(new window)

Lemen, R. A. : Chrysotile asbestos as a cause of mesothelioma: Application of the Hill causation model. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 10, 233-239, 2004a. crossref(new window)

Lin, R. T., Takahashi, K., Karjalainen, A., Wilson, D., Kameda, T., Chan, C. C., Wen, C. P., Furuva, S., Higashi, T., Chan, L. C. and Ohtaki, M. : Ecological association between asbestos-related diseases and historical asbestos consumption: an international analysis. The Lancet, 20(9564), 844- 849, 2007.

Smith, A. H. and Wright, C. C. : Chrysotile asbestos is the main cause of pleural mesothelioma. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 30, 252- 266, 2006.

Stayner, L. T., Dankovic, D. A. and Lemen, R. A. : Occupational exposure to chrysotile asbestos and cancer risk: A review of the amphibole hypothesis. American Journal of Public Health, 86, 179-186, 1996. crossref(new window)

Lemen, R. A. : Asbestos in brakes: exposure and risk of disease. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 45(3), 229-237, 2004b. Review. crossref(new window)

Castleman, B. : WTO confidential: The case of asbestos. International Journal of Health Services, 32, 489-501, 2002. crossref(new window)

Frank, A. L., Dodson, R. F. and Williams, M. G. : Carcinogenic implications of the lack of tremolite in UICC reference chrysotile. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 34, 314-317, 1998. crossref(new window)

Li, L., Sun, T. D., Zhang, X., Lai, R. N., Li, S. Y., Fan, X. J. and Morinaga, K. : Cohort studies on cancer mortality among workers exposed only to chrysotile asbestos: a meta-analysis. Biomedicine and Environmental Science, 17(4), 459-468, 2004.

Mirabelli, D., Calisti, R., Barone-Adesi, F., Fornero, E., Merletti, F. and Magnani, C. : Excess of mesotheliomas alter exposure to chrystoile in Balangero, Italy. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 65(12), 815-819, 2008. crossref(new window)

Burki, T. : Health experts concerned over India's asbestos industry. The Lancet, 375(9715), 626-627, 2010. article/PIIS0140-6736(10)60251-6/fulltext crossref(new window)

USGS (U.S. Geological Survey). U.S. Department of the Interior. 2008 Minerals Yearbook, Volume I.- - Metals and Minerals. Asbestos, 2008. http://minerals. index.html#myb

LaDou. J. : The asbestos cancer epidemic. Environmental Health Perspectives, 112, 285-290, 2004.

WBG (World Bank Group). Good Practice Note: Asbestos: Occupational and Community Health Issues, May 2009. http://siteresources.worldbank. org/EXTPOPS/Resources/AsbestosGuidanceNote-Final.pdf

Terracini, B. : Rotterdam Convention: Chrysotile is still in the waiting list. Epidemiologia e Prevenzione, 32(6), 275-276, 2008.

WBG (World Bank Group). Good Practice Note:Asbestos: Occupational and Community Health Issues, May 2009. http://siteresources.worldbank. org/EXTPOPS/Resources/AsbestosGuidanceNote-Final.pdf

Leigh, J. : Asbestos-related diseases: International estimates of future liability. Abstract. 5th International Congress on Work Injuries Prevention, Rehabilitation and Compensation & 2nd Australian National Workers Compensation Symposium (18- 21 March, 2001, Adelaide, Australia).

Castleman, B. : "Controlled use" of asbestos. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 9, 294-298, 2003. crossref(new window)

Egilman, D. and Roberts, M. : Controlled use of asbestos. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 10, 99-103, 2004. crossref(new window)