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Investigation and Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals Contamination around an Abandoned Metal Mine in Korea
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Investigation and Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals Contamination around an Abandoned Metal Mine in Korea
Lee, Jong-Wha; Kwak, Soon-Sun; Hong, Sung-Chul; Park, Sang-Il; Jang, Bong-Ki;
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Recently, heavy metals contamination of the agricultural soil and crops surrounding mining areas has been identified as one of the most serious environmental problems in South Korea. The Ministry of the Environment in Korea conducted a Preliminary National Environmental Health Survey (PNEHS) in abandoned metal mines in 2007. The priority for a subsequent detailed examination was ranked from the results of PNEHS. The studied mine which was ranked as being of the highest priority is located in the midwestern part of Korea and was operated from 1911 to 1985. In this study, the contamination levels of the heavy metals in the abandoned metal mine were investigated. From the results, the average daily dose (ADD), target hazard quotient (THQ) and target cancer risk of the heavy metals were evaluated. The concentration of arsenic (As) in all of the tailings from the mine was higher than its countermeasure standard of Korea. In particular, the highest concentration of As, 330 mg/kg, was up to 15 times higher than its countermeasure standard. The average concentration of As in agricultural soils was higher than the warning standard of Korea, and higher than its countermeasure standard at six sites. The average concentrations of the analyzed heavy metals in agricultural soil were below the warning standard, but concentrations of cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) at 4 sites were higher than its warning standard. The average concentration of As in surface water exceeded the warning standard of Korea. The value of the THQ of As for the tailings was higher than the health protection standard 1. The value of THQ of As for the farmlands was lower than the standard, while the hazard index (HI) of As was higher than the standard. The value of target cancer risk (TCR) of As, , were higher than the health protection standard of a lifetime risk for TCR at . This suggests that the residents around the metal mines are exposed to As pollution with a carcinogenic risk.
abandoned metal mine;heavy metals;risk assessment;hazard index;
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폐금속 광산지역 토양 중 중금속 농도와 주민의 혈액 및 요중 중금속 농도와의 관련성,장봉기;박상일;김남수;정경식;이병국;이종화;

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