JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Assessment of the Indoor Air Quality at Schools in Ulsan
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Assessment of the Indoor Air Quality at Schools in Ulsan
Jung, Jong-Hyeon; Seo, Bo-Sun; Ju, Dong-Jin; Park, Man-Chul; Shon, Byung-Hyun; Phee, Young-Gyu;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate the concentration of indoor air pollutants at 63 elementary schools, 41 middle schools and 51 high schools in Ulsan from the beginning of May to the end of December, 2008. To assess the indoor air quality of the various classrooms, the 8 indoor air pollutants such as , CO, , , , TVOCs, HCHO and TBC were measured and analyzed. The mean concentrations of and TBC in the elementary schools were significantly higher than those of middle and high schools (p < 0.01). For the HCHO, the multi-use practice rooms showed an average 1.5 times higher than general classrooms. In schools located in urban areas, the concentrations of CO, , , HCHO and TBC were lower than in the vicinity of industrial complexes. The exceeding rate of the school air quality maintenance limits in the 6 air pollutants by law were 6.7%, 3.5%, 1.7%, 18.2%, 13.0% and 18.4% for , , , , HCHO and TBC, respectively. Based on these results and TBC have to be in the order of priority of need to improve the classroom air quality in elementary school of Ulsan.
 Keywords
school;indoor air pollutant;indoor air quality;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
Concentration and Distribution Characteristics of PM10 in High Schools in the Ulsan Metropolitan Area,;;;

한국환경보건학회지, 2012. vol.38. 1, pp.42-50 crossref(new window)
2.
초등학교의 실내공기질 중 $PM_{10}$과 TBC 농도 특성 조사,정준식;전형진;이민종;송혜숙;정현성;김성미;이우석;최성호;

실내환경 및 냄새 학회지, 2014. vol.13. 4, pp.243-250 crossref(new window)
3.
일부 학교 교실의 실내공기질 특성에 관한 연구,정준식;박덕신;전형진;송혜숙;이민종;

한국산학기술학회논문지, 2015. vol.16. 5, pp.3643-3652 crossref(new window)
4.
일부 실내공간에서 PM10과 CO2의 농도 특성에 관한 연구,정준식;박덕신;김종범;송혜숙;박형규;

한국산학기술학회논문지, 2015. vol.16. 6, pp.4335-4347 crossref(new window)
1.
A Study of Indoor Air Quality of School Classrooms, Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, 2015, 16, 5, 3643  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Concentration and Distribution Characteristics of PM10in High Schools in the Ulsan Metropolitan Area, Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, 2012, 38, 1, 42  crossref(new windwow)
3.
A Study on the PM10 and CO2 Concentrations at Public Places, Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, 2015, 16, 6, 4335  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Stolwijk, J. A. : Risk assessment of acute health and comfort effects of indoor air pollution. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 641, 56-62, 1992. crossref(new window)

2.
Franklin, P. J. : Indoor air quality and respiratory health of children. Pediatric Respiratory Reviews, 8, 281-286, 2007. crossref(new window)

3.
Asmore, M. R. and Dimitroulopoulou, C. : Personal exposure of children to air pollution. Atmospheric Environment, 43, 128-141, 2009. crossref(new window)

4.
World Health Organization : Effects of air pollution on children's health and development-a review of the evidence. Geneva; WHO, 2005.

5.
Barnett, A. G., Williams, G. M. and Schwartz, J. : Air pollution and child respiratory health: a case-crossover study in Australia and New Zealand. American Journal of Respiratory Critical Care Medicine, 171, 1271-1278, 2005.

6.
Mendell, M. J. and Health, G. A. : Do indoor pollutants and thermal conditions in schools influence student performance? A critical review of the literature. Indoor Air, 15, 27-52, 2005.

7.
Otto, D. A., Hundnell, H. K., House, D. E., Molhave, L. and Count, W. : Exposure of humans to a volatile organic mixture. I. Behavioral assessment. Archives of Environmental Health, 47, 23-30, 1992. crossref(new window)

8.
Fisk, W. J. : Estimates of potential nationwide productivity and health benefits from better indoor environments: an update. In Spengler, J., Samet, J. M. and McCarthy, J. F. Indoor Air Quality Handbook, New York, McGraw Hill 4.1-4.36, 2000.

9.
Jones, S. E., Smith, L. M., Wheeler, L. S. and McMnus, T. : School policies and practices that improve indoor air quality. Journal of School Health, 80(6), 280-286, 2010. crossref(new window)

10.
Sohn, J. R., Yoon, S. W., Kim, Y. S., Roh, Y. M., Lee, C. M., Son, B. S. and Yang, W. H. : A survey on the indoor air quality of some school classrooms in Korea. Journal of Korean Society for Indoor Environment, 3(1), 54-63, 2006.

11.
Ministry of Education, Science and Technology : School Law. 2010.

12.
Lee, J. D., Son, B. S. and Kim, Y. S. : A study on indoor air quality in school. Journal of Korean Society for Indoor Environment, 7(2), 127-134, 2010.

13.
Lim, Y. W., Lee, C. S., Kim, H. H., Yang, J. Y., Lee, G. W., Sohn, J. R., Park, J. W. and Shin, D. C. : A study on the indoor air pollution in the classrooms of elementary schools in Korea. Journal of Korean Society for Indoor Environment, 5(2), 37-49, 2008.

14.
Choi, T. J. : The effect on outdoor air and indoor human activity on mass concentrations of size-selective particulate in classrooms. Journal of Environmental Health Science, 34(2), 137-147, 2008.

15.
Ulsan Metropolitan Office of Education : URL ; http://www.use.go.kr/index_org.htm

16.
Lee, S. C. and Chang, M. : Indoor and outdoor air quality investigation at schools in Hong Kong. Chemoshpere, 41, 109-113, 2000. crossref(new window)

17.
Roosbroeck, S. V., Jacobs, J., Janssen, N. A. H., Oldenwening, M., Hoek, G. and Brunekreef, B. : Ling term personal exposure to PM2.5, soot and NOx in children attending schools located near busy roads, a validation study. Atmospheric Environment, 41, 3381-3394, 2007. crossref(new window)

18.
Jung, K. S., Kim, N. S., Lee, J. D., Hwangbo, Y., Son, B. S. and Lee, B. K. : The association of subjective symptoms of students and indoor air quality in private acedemic facilities. Journal of Environmental Health Science, 35(6), 468-477, 2009.

19.
Yang, W., Sohn, J., Kim, J., Son, B. and Park, J. : Indoor air quality investigation according to age of the school buildings in Korea. Journal of Environmental Management, 90, 348-354, 2009. crossref(new window)

20.
Jeung, Y. H. and Choi, S. J. : Assessment of Formaldehyde Concentrations in Indoor and Outdoor Environments of Schools in Incheon. Journal of Environmental Health Science, 33(5), 372-378, 2007.

21.
Jung, J. H., Moon, G. N. and Ju, D. J. : Content of environmental disease. Ulsan Metropolitan Office of Education, 1-150, 2010.

22.
Jung, J. H., Seo, B. Su., Ju, D. J., Shon, B. H. and Lim, H. S. : The assessment of survey on the indoor air quality at school in Ulsan and its vicinities. Korea. Korean Journal of Environmental Health, International Conference 2010, 269-271, 2010.

23.
Jung, J. H., Seo, B. Su., Ju, D. J., Park, M. C., Phee, Y. G. and Shon, B. H. : A study on the assessment of the indoor air quality at elementary, middle and high schools in Ulsan, Korea. Korean Journal of Environmental Health, Seoul National University, Fall Conference 2010, 263-265, 2010.

24.
Fromme, H., Twardella, D., Dietrich, S., Heitmann, D., Schierl, R., Liebl, B. and Ruden, H. : Particulate matter in the indoor air of classrooms - exploratory results from Munich and surrounding area. Atmospheric Environment, 41, 854-866, 2007. crossref(new window)

25.
Cho, T. J., Chio, H. S., Jeon Y. T., Lee, C. W., Lee, J. D., Jou, H. M. and Son, B. S. : The Study of indoor air quality at schools in chung-nam area. Journal of the Environmental Sciences, 17(5), 501-507, 2008. crossref(new window)

26.
Shaughnessy, R. J., Shaughnessy, U. H., Nevalainen, A. and Moschandreas, D. : A preliminary study on the associations between ventilation rates in classrooms and student performance. Indoor Air, 16, 465-468, 2006. crossref(new window)