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Burden of Disease Due to Outdoor Air Pollution in Korea: Based on PM10
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 Title & Authors
Burden of Disease Due to Outdoor Air Pollution in Korea: Based on PM10
Kim, Hyun-Jin; Yoon, Seok-Jun; Kim, Hyeong-Su; Lee, Kun-Sei; Kim, Eun-Jung; Jo, Min-Woo; Oh, In-Hwan;
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Purpose: This study measured the burden of disease in Korea related to outdoor air pollution using disability-adjusted life year (DALY). Materials and Methods: As a risk factor of outdoor air pollution, particulate matter with a diameter less than 10 () was used. First, -related diseases and their relative risk (RR) were selected by means of a literature review. Second, population attributable fractions were computed by using formulae including RR and population exposure to . Third, DALYs of -related diseases in Korea were estimated. Finally, the attributable burden of disease due to was measured as the sum of the products that multiplied the DALYs of -related diseases by their population attributable fractions. Results: The disease burden of PM10 was 6.9 DALY per 1,000 persons in 2007. The attributable burden of was 2.68 for lung cancer, 2.41 for COPD, 0.62 for ischemic heart disease, 0.61 for pneumonia, 0.55 for asthma, and 0.03 for preterm. Conclusions: This study showed the environmental burden of disease of and burden of -related disease through objective data. It also suggested that active efforts are needed to continuously measure and reduce the burden of environmental diseases in Korea.
Outdoor air pollution;;Disability adjusted life year (DALY);Burden of disease;
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