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Investigation of Soil and Groundwater Contaminated by Gasoline and Lubricants Around a Railroad Station in S City, Korea
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 Title & Authors
Investigation of Soil and Groundwater Contaminated by Gasoline and Lubricants Around a Railroad Station in S City, Korea
Lee, Hwan; Lee, Yoonjin;
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Objective: This research was performed to evaluate the state of oil pollution in an area surrounding a railway station that has over 100 years of business history as a railway station in S City, Korea. The amount of polluted soil was estimated, and the target area for remediation was assessed in this study to restore the oil-polluted area. Methods: To accomplish this aim, five observation wells were installed for the sampling of groundwater, and soil was sampled at 33 points. Electric resistance studies and a trench investigation were undertaken to understand the geological conditions of the site, and the groundwater movement in this area was simulated by MODFLOW. Physiochemical analyses were conducted to determine the quality of the groundwater and the current state of oil pollution influenced by that of the soil. Results: The mean level of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs) in this area was 1,059 mg/kg, and the area for remediation was determined to be 7,610 mg/kg. Levels of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (BTEX) were determined to be under the legal standard. Conclusion: In terms of depth, the biggest area polluted by TPH found was between 0 and 1 m from ground level, and the affected area was 5,900 . TPHs were not detected in groundwater. Diesel and lubricating oil were the main causes of TPH pollution at this railway station.
TPH;BTEX;oil leak;soil;groundwater;remediation;railway station;
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