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Health Status Based on Questionnaire Survey Among Residents Around Camp Carroll, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Korea
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 Title & Authors
Health Status Based on Questionnaire Survey Among Residents Around Camp Carroll, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Korea
Min, Young-Sun; Lim, Hyun-Sul; Lee, Kwan; Park, Sun Ae; Lee, Duk-Hee; Ju, Young-Su; Yang, Wonho; Kim, Geun-Bae; Yu, Seung Do;
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Objective: In May 2011, an interview with three United States Forces Korea veterans revealed that chemicals believed to be `Agent Orange` were buried at Camp Carroll (situated in Waegwan, Chilgok-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Korea) in 1978. Many hazardous chemicals, such as perchloroethylene (PCE), trichloroethylene (TCE), and organochlorines were subsequently found in a joint US-ROK environmental investigation, although dioxins or burial evidence related to `Agent Orange` have been not uncovered. This study was carried out to investigate the relevance of hazardous chemical exposure and health effects of the residents around Camp Carroll. Methods: The authors conducted a health questionnaire survey among residents around Camp Carroll regarding Waegwan groundwater ingestion, length of residence in Waegwan, and physician-diagnosed disease history (such as cancer, hypertension, diabetes and etc.). Logistic regression was performed to identify the associations between hazardous chemical exposure and physician-diagnosed diseases. Results: Among the 5,320 residents, excluding those living outside the Waegwan area, 3,430 subjects age 30 and over were analyzed. Among females, upon correction of age, smoking history and Camp Carroll working history, a higher distribution in the Waegwan groundwater ingestion group was demonstrated for patients with physician-diagnosed cancer and hypertension. The odds ratios have a tendency to increase with increased length of Waegwan groundwater ingestion. Conclusions: This study may be limited by not adopting a cohort study for the evaluation of factors that may confound environmental exposure. Yet it is meaningful that the correlation between Waegwan groundwater ingestion and chronic diseases were found through regression analysis in female; and further, this outcome may be used as a sampling basis for a secondary epidemiologic study.
Agent Orange;environmental exposure;epidemiologic surveillance;questionnaires;
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