Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Measurement of Atmospheric PCDD/Fs Concentrations Using Polyurethane Foam Disk Passive Air Samplers
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Measurement of Atmospheric PCDD/Fs Concentrations Using Polyurethane Foam Disk Passive Air Samplers
Kim, Taewook; Chun, Man-Young;
  PDF(new window)
Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate the use of polyurethane foam disk passive air samplers (PUF PAS) for better measurement of atmospheric polychlorinared dibenzo-p-dioxins/furans (PCDD/Fs) concentrations compared to PUF PAS combined with high volume air samplers (HVS). Methods: Air samples were collected by a low volume air sampler (LVS) and PUF PAS. A total of two pairs were continuously collected for six months, but the PUF was replaced every two months. Results: A good correlation was shown (, p<0.0001) between atmospheric PCDD/Fs concentration measured by the LVS and PUF PAS. The average air sampling rate () of all PCDD/Fs congeners showed a middle of the means which were measured using a HVS by other researchers in different cities. In addition, the air sampling rates of the LVS for each congener made less difference than did those of the HVS. Conclusion: It was found that measurements using the LVS were less influenced by atmospheric peak PCDD/Fs concentrations. However, trace POPs such as PCDD/Fs may involve relatively large analytical errors in measurement, and as a result the air sampling rate of the respective PCDD/Fs isomer is also likely to involve errors. The method of using a regression straight line between the concentrations obtained from the LVS and those from the PUF PAS was judged higher than the method using the air sampling rate, since the former compensated for the experimental errors in the process of evaluation of atmospheric PCDD/F concentrations using the PUF PAS.
Air sampling rate;LVS;PCDD/Fs;PUF PAS;regression straight line;
 Cited by
Ministry of Environment. Official Method of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins/Polychlorinated Dibenzo-Furans (PCDDs/PCDFs) in Ambient Air-HRGC/HRMS. ES 10308.1 2007.

Heo JW, Lee GW. Field-measured uptake rates of PCDDs/Fs and dl-PCBs using PUF-disk passive air samplers in Gyeonggi-do, South Korea. Sci of the Total Environ. 2014; 42-50: 491-492.

Mari M, Schuhmacher M, Feliubadalo' J, Domingo JL. Air concentrations of PCDD/Fs, PCBs and PCNs using active and passive air samplers. Chemosphere. 2008; 70: 1637-1643. crossref(new window)

Chun MY. Sampling rate evaluation of atmospheric PAHs to pine needles for passive air sampler. J. KOSAE. 2011; 14(2): 83-88.

Chun MY. Estimation of PCBs concentrations in ambient air using pine needles as a passive air sampler (PAS). J of Environ Health Sci. 2012; 38(4): 360-368.

Chun MY. Estimation of PCDD/Fs concentrations in ambient air using pine needles as a passive air sampler (PAS). J of Environ Health Sci. 2015; 2015; 41(2): 116-125

Choi SD. Calculation Method for the Concentration of Persistent Organic Pollutants(POPs) Collected by Passive Air Samplers J. KOSAE. 2003; 29(2): 217-227.

Shoeib M, Harner T. Characterization and Comparison of Three Passive Samplersfor Persistent Organic Pollutants. Environ Sci Technol. 2002; 36(19): 4142-4151. crossref(new window)

Bohlin P, Audy O, Skrdlikova L, Kukueka P, Vojta S, Poibylova P, et al. Evaluation and guidelines for using polyurethane foam (PUF) passive air samplers in double-dome chambers to assess semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) in non-industrial indoor environments. Environ Sci Process Impacts. 2014; 16(11): 2617-2626. crossref(new window)

Harner T, Farrar NJ, Shoeib M, Jones KC, Gobas FAPC. Characterization of Polymer-Coated Glass as a Passive Air Sampler for Persistent Organic Pollutants. Environ Sci Technol. 2003; 37(11): 2486-2493. crossref(new window)

Choi SD, Chang YS. Air Monitoring of Persistent Organic Pollutants Using Passive Air Samplers. . J. KOSAE. 2005; 21(5): 481-494.

Tao S, Liu Y, Xu W, Lang C, Liu S, Dou H, et al. Calibration of a Passive Sampler for Both Gaseous and Particulate Phase Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Environ Sci Technol. 2007; 41(2): 568-573. crossref(new window)

Bartkowa ME, Booijb K, Kennedya KE. Mllera JF. Hawkerc DW. Passive air sampling theory for semivolatile organic compounds. Chemosphere. 2005; 60(2): 170-176. crossref(new window)

Tuduri L, Harner T, Hung H. Polyurethane foam (PUF) disks passive air samplers : Wind effect on sampling rates. Environ Pollu. 2006; 144: 377-383. crossref(new window)

May AA, Ashman P, Huang J, Dhaniyala S, Holsen TM. Evaluation of the polyurethane foam (PUF) disk passive air sampler : Computational modeling and experimental measurements. Atmosph Environ. 2011; 45: 4354-4359. crossref(new window)

Chaemfa C, Barber JL. Gocht T, Harner T, Holoubek I, Klanova J, et al. Field calibration of polyurethane foam (PUF) disk passive air samplers for PCBs and OC pesticides. Environ Pollu. 2008; 156(3): 1290-1297. crossref(new window)

Ministry of Environment. Official method of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in fish-HRGC/HRMS. ES10914.1. 2007.

US.ESA Method 1613. Tetra- through octa-chlorinated dioxins and furans by Isotope dilution HRGC/HRMS. 1994. Available: epa&result_template=epafiles_default. xsl&filter=sample4filt.hts [accessed 10 Feb. 2015].

Park JS, Kim JG. Regional measurements of PCDD/PCDF concentrations in Korean atmosphere and comparison with gas-particle partitioning models. Chemosphere. 2002; 49: 755-764. crossref(new window)

Hinds WC. Aerosol Technology, 1st ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1982. p.136.

Harner T, Bidleman TF. Measurement of octanol-air partition coefficients for polychlorinated biphenyls. J of Chem Eng Data. 1996; 41: 895-899. crossref(new window)