JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Transparent Conducting Multilayer Electrode (GTO/Ag/GTO) Prepared by Radio-Frequency Sputtering for Organic Photovoltaic`s Cells
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Transparent Conducting Multilayer Electrode (GTO/Ag/GTO) Prepared by Radio-Frequency Sputtering for Organic Photovoltaic`s Cells
Pandey, Rina; Kim, Jung Hyuk; Hwang, Do Kyung; Choi, Won Kook;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Indium free consisting of three alternating layers GTO/Ag/GTO has been fabricated by radio-frequency (RF) sputtering for the applications as transparent conducting electrodes and the structural, electrical and optical properties of the gallium tin oxide (GTO) films were carefully studied. The gallium tin oxide thin films deposited at room temperature are found to have an amorphous structure. Hall Effect measurements show a strong influence on the conductivity type where it changed from n-type to p-type at . GTO/Ag/GTO multilayer structured electrode with a few nm of Ag layer embedded is fabricated and show the optical transmittance of 86.48% in the visible range (
 Keywords
Transparent conductive oxide;Gallium Tin Oxide (GTO);RF Sputtering;Structural and optical Properties;Bulk hetero-junction Organic Photovoltaic`s Cells (BHJ-OPVs);and power conversion efficiency;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
C. G. Granqvist, "Transparent conductors as solar energy materials: A panoramic review", Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells, Vol. 91, pp. 1529-1598, 2007. crossref(new window)

2.
C. G. Granqvist and A. Hultaker, "Transparent and conducting ITO films: new developments and applications", Thin Solid Films, Vol. 411, pp. 1-5, 2002. crossref(new window)

3.
R. Pandey, J.W. Lim, K.Y. Lim, D.K. Hwang, and W,K, Choi, "Electrical and optical properties of Asymmetric Dielectric/Metal/Dielectric (D/M/D) multilayer electrodes prepared by radio frequency sputtering for solar cells", J. Sensor Sci. & Tech., Vol. 1, pp. 15-21, 2015.

4.
H. Hosono, "Recent progress in transparent oxide semiconductors: materials and device application", Thin Solid Films, Vol. 515, pp. 6000-6014, 2007. crossref(new window)

5.
Damisih, H.C. Ma, J.J. Kim, and H.Y. Lee, "The electrical and optical properties of indium zinc tin oxide thin films with different Sn/Zn ratio", Thin Solid Films, Vol. 520, pp. 3741-3745, 2012. crossref(new window)

6.
M. Batzill and U. Diebold, "The surface and materials science of tin oxide", Prog. Surf. Sci., Vol. 779, pp. 47-154, 2005.

7.
B.N. Pawar, S.R. Jadkar, and M.G. Takwale, "Deposition and characterization of transparent and conductive sprayed ZnO:B thin films", J. Phys. Chem. Solids, Vol. 66, pp. 1779-1782, 2005. crossref(new window)

8.
J. Hu and R.G. Gordon, "Deposition of boron doped zinc oxide films and their electrical and optical properties", J. Electrochem. Soc., Vol. 139, pp. 2014-2022, 1992. crossref(new window)

9.
H. Kim, J.S. Horwitz, S.B. Qadri, and D.B. Chrisey, " Epitaxial growth of Al-doped ZnO thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition", Thin Solid Films, Vol. 420, pp. 107-111, 2002.

10.
C.Y. Hsu, Y.C. Lin, L.M. Kao, and Y.C. Lin, "Effect of deposition parameters and annealing temperature on the structure and properties of Al-doped ZnO thin films", Mater. Chem. Phys., Vol. 124, pp. 330-335, 2010. crossref(new window)

11.
K. Tominaga, M. Kataoka, T. Ueda, M. Chong, Y. Shintani, and I. Mori, "Preparation of conductive ZnO:Al films by a facing target system with a strong magnetic field", Thin Solid Films, Vol. 253, pp. 9-13, 1994. crossref(new window)

12.
X.J. Wang, Q.S. Lei, W.L. Zhou, and J. Yu, "Preparation of ZnO:Al thin film on transparent TPT substrate at room temperature by RF magnetron sputtering technique", Mater. Lett., Vol. 63, pp. 1371-1373, 2009. crossref(new window)

13.
S. Sutthana, N. Hongsith, and S. Choopun, "AZO/Ag/AZO multilayer films prepared by DC magnetron sputtering for dye-sensitized solar cell application", Curr. Appl. Phys., Vol. 10, pp. 813-816, 2010. crossref(new window)

14.
J.H. Park, J.H. Chae, and D. Kim, "Influence of nickel thickness on the properties of ITO/Ni/ITO thin films", J. Alloy, Compd., Vol. 478, pp. 330-333, 2009. crossref(new window)

15.
Y.S. Park, H.K. Park, J.A. Jeong, H.K. Kim, K.H. Choi, S.I. Na, and D.Y. Kim, "Comparative investigation of transparent ITO/Ag/ITO and ITO/Cu/ITO electrodes grown by dual-target DC sputtering for organic Photovoltaic's", J. Electrochem. Soc., Vol. 156, pp. H588-H594, 2009. crossref(new window)

16.
K. Sivaramakrishnan and T.L. Alford, "Conduction and transmission analysis in gold nanolayers embedded in zinc oxide for flexible electronics", Appl. Phys. Lett., Vol. 96, pp. 201109-1-3, 2010. crossref(new window)

17.
Y.S. Park, H.K. Kim, and S.W. Kim, "Thin Ag Layer Inserted GZO Multilayer Grown by Roll-to-Roll Sputtering for Flexible and Transparent Conducting Electrodes", J. Electrochem. Soc., Vol. 157, pp. J301-J306, 2010. crossref(new window)

18.
Y.Y. Choi, K.H. Choi, H. Lee, J.W. Kang, and H.K. Kim, "Nano sized Ag inserted amorphous $ZnSnO_3$ multilayer electrodes for cost efficient inverted organic solar cells", Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells, Vol. 95, pp. 1615-1623, 2011. crossref(new window)

19.
J.D. Yang, S.H. Cho, T.W. Hong, D.I. Son, D.H. Park, K.H. Yoo, and W.K. Choi, "Organic photovoltaic's cells fabricated on a $SnO_x/Ag/SnO_x$ multilayer transparent conducting electrode", Thin Solid films, Vol. 520, pp. 6215-6220, 2012. crossref(new window)

20.
P.K. Chiu, C.T. Lee, D. Chiang, W.H. Cho, C.N. Hsiao, Y.Y. Chen, B.M. Huang, and J.R. Yang, "Conductive and transparent multilayer films for low temperature $TiO_2/Ag/SiO_2$electrodes by E-beam evaporation with IAD", Nanoscale Res. Lett., Vol. 9, pp. 35, 2014. crossref(new window)

21.
J.D. Yang, I.W. Ok, J.M. Cho, D.H. Park, W.S. Shin, K.G. Kim, S.J. Moon, K.H. Yoo, and W.K. Choi, "Ag inter-layered transparent conducting electrode for photovoltaic cells", Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Vol 21, pp. 10NE07-1, 2012.

22.
H.K. Kim and J.W. Lim, "Flexible IZO/Ag/IZO/Ag multilayer electrode grown on a polyethylene terepthalate substrate using roll to roll sputtering", Nanoscale Res. Lett., Vol. 7, pp. 67, 2012. crossref(new window)

23.
Z. Xue, X. Liu, N. Zhang, H. Chen, X. Zheng, H. Wang, and X. Guo, "High performance NiO/Ag/NiO transparent electrodes for flexible organic photovoltaic cells", ACS Appl. Mater. Inter., Vol. 6, pp. 16403-16408, 2014. crossref(new window)

24.
C.C. Wu and P.S. Chen, "$TiO_x/Ag/TiO_x$ multilayer for application as a transparent conductive electrode and heat mirror", J Mater Sci: Mater Electron, DOI 10.1007/s10854-013-1118-1. crossref(new window)

25.
R. Pandey. C.H. Wie, X. Lin, J.W. Lim, K.K. Kim, D.K. Hwang, and W.K. Choi, "Fluorine doped zinc tin oxide multilayer transparent conducting oxides for organic photovoltaic's cells", Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells, Vol. 134, pp. 5-14, 2015. crossref(new window)

26.
F.F. Damisih, H.C. Ma, and H.Y. Lee, "Characteristics of p-type gallium tin oxide (GTO) thin films prepared by RF magnetron Sputtering", J. Ceram. Process. Res., Vol. 13, pp. s181-s185, 2012.

27.
C.H. Lee, R. Pandey, B.Y. Wang, W.K. Choi, D.K. Choi, and Y.J. Oh, "Nano sized indium free MTO/Ag/MTO transparent conducting electrode prepared by RF sputtering at room temperature for organic photovoltaic's cells", Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells, Vol. 132, pp. 80-85, 2015. crossref(new window)

28.
S.H. Cho, R. Pandey, C.H. Wie, Y.J. Lee, J.W. Kim, D.H. Park, J.S. Seok, Y.H. Jang, K.K. Kim, D.K. Hwang, D.J. Byun, and W.K. Choi, "Highly transparent ZTO/Ag/ZTO multilayer electrode deposited by inline sputtering process for organic photovoltaic's cells", Phys. Status Solidi A, Vol. 211, pp. 1860-1867, 2014. crossref(new window)